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A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions

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Judaism Saturday. Christianity Sunday. Islam - Friday. 6 ... Christianity Trinity (God the father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit) Islam One God ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions


1
A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and
Islam Abrahamic Religions
  • Paragraph Writing Assignment
  • Lesson 10-4

2
  • TN SPI
  • 6.1.3 Recognize the worlds major religions and
    their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam,
    Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad)

3
  • Date and Place founded
  • Judaism approximately 1300 B.C. in Palestine
  • Some say the date is unknown
  • Christianity approximately 33 A.D. in Palestine
  • Islam 622 A.D. in Saudi Arabia

4
  • Founders and Early Leaders
  • Judaism Abraham and Moses
  • Christianity Jesus
  • Islam - Muhammad

5
  • Followers Called
  • Judaism Jews
  • Christianity Christians
  • Islam Muslims
  • Clergy Called
  • Judaism rabbis
  • Christianity bishop, pastor, ministers, priest
  • Islam - imams

6
  • House of Worship
  • Judaism synagogue or temple
  • Christianity church, cathedral, chapel
  • Islam mosque
  • Day of Worship
  • Judaism Saturday
  • Christianity Sunday
  • Islam - Friday

7
  • Original Language
  • Judaism Hebrew
  • Christianity Aramaic and Greek
  • Islam Arabic
  • Names of God
  • Judaism Yahweh and Elohim
  • Christianity God, the Trinity
  • Islam - Allah

8
  • Major Locations TODAY
  • Judaism Europe, Israel, North America
  • Christianity Europe, North and South America
  • Islam Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia

9
  • Early Expansion
  • Judaism Little expansion mostly confined to
    Israel
  • Christianity by the end of the 4th century
    Christianity spread across the entire Roman
    Empire
  • Islam Within 12 years, entire Arabian
    peninsula after 100 years stretched from Spain
    to Southeast Asia

10
  • Current Worldwide Followers TODAY
  • Judaism 14 million (ranks 12th)
  • Christianity 2 billion (ranks 1st)
  • Islam 1.3 billion (ranks 2nd)
  • In the USA
  • Judaism 5.6 million
  • Christianity 159 million
  • Islam 1.1 million

11
  • Sacred Texts
  • Judaism Hebrew Bible
  • Christianity Old Testament and New Testament
  • Islam Quran (Koran)

12
  • Ultimate Reality (Type of Theism)
  • Judaism One God
  • Christianity Trinity (God the father, God the
    Son, and God the Holy Spirit)
  • Islam One God

13
  • Divine Revelation
  • How do we know about God?
  • Judaism through prophets recorded in the Hebrew
    Bible
  • Christianity through prophets and Jesus as
    recorded in the Old and New Testament
  • Islam through Gods final prophet Muhammad
    recorded in the Quran

14
  • Identity of Jesus
  • Judaism False prophet
  • Christianity Son of God, the Messiah, Savior
  • Islam prophet of God

15
  • Death of Jesus
  • Judaism death by Crucifixion
  • Christianity death by Crucifixion
  • Islam Did not die, but ascended into heaven (a
    disciple took his place)

16
  • Resurrection of Jesus
  • Judaism Denied
  • Christianity Affirmed
  • Islam Denied since he did not die

17
  • Means of Salvation
  • Judaism Belief in one God good deeds
  • Christianity correct belief, good deeds by
    faith accept Christ as Savior (Protestants)
  • Islam Belief in one God good deeds and follow
    Five Pillars of Faith

18
  • Afterlife
  • Judaism eternal heaven, or no afterlife
  • Christianity eternal heaven
  • Islam eternal paradise (heaven)
  • Judaism - eternal hell, or no afterlife
  • Christianity eternal hell
  • Islam eternal hell

19
  • Symbols
  • Judaism Star of David
  • Christianity cross
  • Islam crescent with name of Allah in Arabic

20
  • View of Fellow Abrahamic Religions
  • Judaism Islam and Christianity are false
    interpretations and extensions of Judaism.
  • Christianity Judaism is a true religion, but
    with incomplete revelation. Islam is a false
    religion.
  • Islam Jews and Christians are respected as
    fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and only
    partial revelation.

21
Paragraph Writing Assignment
  • Using your class notes, you will write a one
    paragraph essay describing the origins, history
    and beliefs of Judaism, Christianity, or Islam.
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