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Somalia

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Give gifts, wear new clothing, & visit each other. Celebrate their ... Second holiday-last month of the Islamic calendar-hold a large feast. Culture Continued ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Somalia


1
Somalia
2
Africa
3
Somalia
Capital
4
(No Transcript)
5
Red Sea
Arabian Peninsula
Gulf of Aden
North
Somalia
6
North
7
North
8
Geography
  • Land area-slightly smaller than texas
  • Borders-Nw-Djibouti west-Ethiopia Sw-Kenya
  • Climate-mainly desert
  • Terrain-mostly plateau, hills in north
  • Natural resources-uranium
  • Unused reserves-iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite,
    copper, salt

9
Geography Continued
  • Natural hazards-droughts, dust storms, rainy
    season floods
  • Environmental problems-water pollution,
    deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion,
    desertification
  • Strategic location-Horn of Africa, access to red
    sea

10
People
  • Population-about 7.5 million
  • Almost half 0-14 years old
  • Population growth rate-3.5
  • Life expectancy-47 years
  • Religions-Sunni Muslim
  • Official language-Somali
  • Literacy rate-24

11
government
  • Government type-parliamentary
  • Suffrage-universal-age 18
  • October 2000-Interim transitional national
    government-president, prime minister, 245 member
    national assembly
  • Other governing bodies exist-control various
    regions within the country

12
economy
  • One of the worlds poorest least developed
    countries
  • Few resources
  • Economy-devastated by civil war
  • GDP-4.3 billion (per capita-600)
  • GDP-agriculture-60 Services-30 Industry-10
  • Inflation rate-over 100-businesses print their
    own money

13
Communications
  • Public Telecommunications system-completely
    destroyed by civil war factions
  • Only 1/2 million radios (Primary means of
    communication)- opposed to 575 million in the US
  • Only 200 internet users-150 million in the US

14
Transportation
  • Railways-None
  • Highways-22,000 km (6.5 million km in US)
  • Major Waterways-None
  • Airports with paved runways-5
  • Seriously lacking in all aspects of
    transportation

15
Military
  • Somali National Army-being reformed under interim
    govt.
  • Numerous factions maintain independent militias
  • Military manpower-Fit for military service (Males
    age 15-49) Just more than 1 million

16
Culture
  • Origin-Islamic tradition
  • Dress-Women-wear a HIJAB (dress that covers the
    body except for hands face) Men-clothes cover
    between waist knees
  • Food-prohibit eating any food containing pork or
    alcohol

17
Culture Continued
  • Prayers-pray five times a day no matter where
    they are
  • Somali schools-specific places for prayer as to
    not interrupt the students learning
  • Before prayer-Somalis go through the process of
    ablution (to wash the face, arms, legs)

18
Culture Continued
  • Ramadan-people fast an entire month to follow
    guidance of the Quran Allah
  • Ninth month of Islamic calendar
  • Fast from dawn to sunset
  • Only eat during the night
  • After sunset (Afur) before dawn (Suhur)
  • Tarawih-Prayer session after the Afur-pray at the
    mosque

19
Culture Continued
  • Traditional holidays-first is at the end of
    Ramadan
  • Hold a prayer festival for three days
  • Give gifts, wear new clothing, visit each other
  • Celebrate their completion of Ramadan
  • Second holiday-last month of the Islamic
    calendar-hold a large feast

20
Culture Continued
  • Traditional Greetings-People dont shake hands
    for greeting unless they are spouses
  • Pets-Somalis are prohibited to touch the saliva
    of a dog
  • If they do-they must wash their hands seven times
    before they pray
  • avoid dogs as much as possible

21
Culture Continued
  • Education-children go to Quranic school at age
    three-learn to read write the Holy Quran
  • After age six-children in urban areas attend
    school regularly
  • Attendance is mandatory-not enforced in rural
    areas
  • Official language-Somali

22
Culture Continued
  • Arabic-second language-taught in all public
    schools
  • Have no special education programs
  • Country has only one university
  • Has had no solid educational system since
    1991-civil unrest
  • Some private schools-not many families can pay

23
Current Events
  • March 3-Un Secretary General, Kofi Annan, says
    the security situation in Mogadishu is still too
    uncertain for a long-term Un security presence
  • March 3-Ethiopias ambassador to the UN denies
    claims by Djibouti that Ethiopia is interfering
    in Somalias affairs

24
Current Events
  • March 3-A United Nations staffer was abducted in
    Mogadishu by a group of unknown gunmen
  • March 1-A national officer working for the UN
    Childrens Fund (UNICEF) was kidnapped by gunmen
    in Mogadishu
  • February 27-The police and immigration officials
    deported 18 Somali nationals to Kenya

25
Current Events
  • February 26-The government of Djibouti criticized
    comments made by Ethiopias ambassador to the UN
    regarding Somalia warned that any interference
    in Somalia would threaten regional stability
  • February 26-Fighting erupted in Mogadishu leaving
    at least 12 people dead an unknown number of
    others wounded

26
Current Events
  • February 25-A Swiss aid worker was murdered in
    the town of Marka and was described as an angel
    of mercy by local residents
  • February 20-Hundreds of families are fleeing
    their homes in the southwestern regions of
    Somalia for fear of renewed fighting

27
Current Events
  • February 19-At least 40 people were killed and
    another 50 wounded in renewed fighting in
    Bardhere, about 400 km west of Mogadishu
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