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The PowerPoint presentation which you are about to watch is sad and, in places, you may find it shoc


My house was blown nearly half a kilometre inland when the waves came. ... All that remains of luxury holiday accommodation on Phi Phi Island, Thailand ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The PowerPoint presentation which you are about to watch is sad and, in places, you may find it shoc

The PowerPoint presentation which you are about
to watch is sad and, in places, you may find it
shocking. It was made on the 30th December 2004
by a Geography teacher who, like you, has
watched with horror as the events unfolded daily
on our screens.
This is a human tragedy on a huge scale for
once caused by the action of Nature rather than
Man William Rees Mogg 27.12.04
Indian Ocean Tsunami
  • 26th December 2004

At GMT 00.59 a magnitude 9 undersea earthquake
shook the sea bed off the north west coast of
Sumatra. Within hours multiple tsunamis had
swept across the Indian Ocean ravaging coastal
regions and killing over 120,000 people.
The USGS (United States Geological Survey) record
of the earthquake
The seismograph recording of the earthquake
Two tectonic plates, the Australian and Eurasian
plates, meet just off Sumatra's south-west coast,
grinding together and sending periodic seismic
tremors through the region. At 0059 GMT a
violent rupture occurred on the sea floor along a
fault about 1,000km long.
Area affected The 9.0 magnitude quake, which was
the strongest in the world for at least 40 years,
wreaked havoc across the whole region. Walls of
water, tens of metres high, slammed into coastal
resorts thousands of miles apart. Surging seas
and floods were reported as far away as east
Deadly wave All along the rupture the seafloor
was shunted vertically by about 10 metres. This
movement displaced the overlying water,
generating a massive tsunami, or tidal wave.
The wave then fanned out across the Indian
Ocean at enormous speed.
The waves spread out on their voyage of
Within half an hour the waves had reached Sumatra
and Malaysia and swept ashore in Thailand. Two
hours later they reached Sri Lanka and
India. Within four hours they had crossed the
ocean to the east coast of Africa
The power of tsunamis only becomes clear as they
approach shallow water along the coast
But from the beaches few people recognised the
danger of the white line on the horizon
Hildasan, 50, net-maker I was repairing some
fishing nets in the harbour when I saw the waters
rising. I'd never seen anything like it. I began
to run for my life - I knew something was very
wrong. The rumbling noise, the rising water, just
didn't make sense. As I ran inland the sea seemed
to be roaring in the background.
Their full force is unleashed as they break on to
Sundar Raj, 21, fisherman I was sleeping in our
boat when the sea began making a rumbling sound.
I saw the water level rising. I jumped into the
water and tied my boat to the wharf as the waves
began lashing me from behind. I climbed on to the
jetty and ran.
The killer wave strikes Kalutara Sri Lanka
The Aftermath
Early reports gave no hint of the scale of the
Scale of devastation Thousands are reported to
have been killed, but there has been little news
from the worst-hit areas where all transport and
communication links were destroyed.
Low lying coastal areas were left obliterated and
flooded as here in Aceh province in Sumatra,
Current reports indicate that the north and west
coasts of Sumatra have experienced the worst
Whole villages were flattened as here in Sri Lanka
Fishing boats, which provide essential food
supplies for local people here in India, have
been washed ashore
Scenes which were repeated across the Indian Ocean
Sri Lanka
Phuket, Thailand
Low lying areas have been left flooded with
seawater which quickly becomes contaminated with
sewage and decomposing bodies
Male in the Maldives
Banda Aceh in Sumatra, Indonesia
Millions of people have been left homeless
Cuddalore, south of Madras, India
Penang, Malaysia
V Govindan, 55, fish seller My house was blown
nearly half a kilometre inland when the waves
came. I started running with my wife and four
children. I returned to the coast in the evening
and saw that my home had been washed away. The
signboard is still there - The board says "Live
prawns bought here". Now life is so uncertain.
Valli, 20, fish seller My family has lived for
generations by the sea. Everything almost ended
on Sunday as the waves lashed our house. We
managed to drag most of our belongings from our
huts. Then we ran and ran until we reached the
fisheries office, which is now my home.
A family survey what is left of their home south
of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Paradise Lost
Idyllic beach resorts like Galle in Sri Lanka,
photographed here in March 2004, have been turned
into scenes of horror, devastation and death,
Now Hell on Earth
Phi Phi Island, Thailand
Beach debris at Phuket, Thailand
All that remains of luxury holiday accommodation
on Phi Phi Island, Thailand
Devastation on Khao Lak a once beautiful beach
resort in Thailand
Communications have been completely disrupted
Bus station in Galle, Sri Lanka
800 people died in a train derailed by the waves
in Sri Lanka it is the worst train disaster
ever recorded.
The human toll is huge on 30.12.04 it stands
at 125,000
Scenes of grief in India, Malaysia and Indonesia
Millions have been injured
In Aceh, Indonesia, so many doctors have been
killed that there are few trained medical workers
to assist the injured.
Many children foreign and local have lost
Increasing numbers of homeless people need
shelter, food and water
Clean drinking water is required to avoid the
spread of disease
Armed police in Galle, Sri Lanka try to prevent
Identifying victims is a grim task
Many who died can only be identified by
photographs, fingerprints or DNA tests
Tourists in Phuket make contact with frantic
family members
In all affected areas survivors are hungry as
food supplies run out
The threat of disease increases
Medicines are needed desperately
The evacuation of foreign tourists from the beach
resorts begins
Many are severely traumatised
A British holiday maker arrives home from the
Maldives three days after the tsunami
Other survivors, such as these women and children
from the Nicobar Islands, leave to a more
uncertain future
Relief efforts, which have been slow to start,
gather pace as the enormity of the disaster
begins to be appreciated
German relief workers prepare to depart for Sri
French relief workers from the Medecins Sans
Frontieres organisation
Indonesian Red Cross workers in Jakarta
South Korean Red Cross assistance
Clean, bottled water supplies are assembled in
Penang, Malaysia
Clothes are collected in Sri Lanka
Distribution of food in Madras state, India
In some areas relief supplies are piling up
Disruption of communications means that emergency
supplies cannot be distributed efficiently
Coffins await transport to remote areas near
Phuket in Thailand
Co-ordination of relief efforts from throughout
the world is proving to be a major
challenge Four days after the tsunami many of
the worst affected areas cannot be reached
at 30.12.04 The death toll stands at 125,000 By
the time you watch this, it will be much higher.
We view with awe a release of power on this
scale. We know that this power is greater than
that of our species Nature holds us in its
hands. We may be able to lessen some of its
consequences, sometimes we can give advance
warning of the threat but we are not in control.
The tsunami has demonstrated that Nature, and not
Mankind, is the real master. William
Rees-Mogg 27.12.04
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