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Unit 2 Friendship


Singapore is still our most popular holiday destination. Only half of the emergency supplies have reached their destination because of the bad weather. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 2 Friendship

Unit 2
Teaching objectives
  • Grasp the main idea (never delay expressing your
    true feelings to a friend) and the structure of
    the text (developing a story around a letter)
  • Appreciate that spoken English is much more
    informal than written English
  • Master the key language points
  • Integrate four basic skills related to the theme
    of the unit

  • Strategy 1

Step 1
  • Sing along Auld Lang Syne
  • Should auld acquaintance be forgot, and never
    brought to mind? Should auld acquaintance be
    forgot, for auld lang syne. For auld lang syne,
    my dear, for auld lang syne. Well take a cup of
    kind yet, for auld lang syne.

Step 2
  • What proverbs about friends do you know in

Proverb 1
  • Friends must part.
  • Friendless is the dead.
  • Friends agree best at distance.
  • A friend in need is a friend indeed.
  • The only way to have a friend is to be one.
  • Friends may meet, but mountains never greet.

Proverbs 2
  • Friendship is a plant which must be often
  • Friendship is to be strengthened by truth and
  • Friendship is, at any rate, a relation of perfect
  • Friendship is love with understanding (love
    without wings).

Proverb 3
  • Friendship is the golden thread that ties the
    heart of all the world.
  • Friends are like fiddle-strings, they must not be
    screwed too tight.
  • Friends that desert us in the hour of need are
    friends in name, not in reality.
  • Friendship multiple joys, and divide grief.
  • Friendship? Two bodies and one soul.
  • Friendship cannot stand always on one side.
  • Friendship is like wine, the older the better.

Warm-up 3
  • What expressions about friends do you know in

Expressions about friends
  • When people meet and become friends, they hold a
    ceremony and promise each other that they will
    cherish their friendship and be loyal to each
    other until the day of their death, and during
    their lifetime, they will share almost everything
    they have.
  • ????

Expressions about friends 2
  • Two persons, one being much older than the other,
    have become such good friends that they forget
    their difference in age
  • ????
  • bosom friend ??
  • Two students in the same class who have become
  • ??

  • Strategy 2

Questions on the CD-ROM for T
  • 1 Have you ever heard of Dionne Warwick? Have you
    happened to hear her sing?
  • 2 What does a fair weather friend mean?
  • 3 What does Dionne Warwick think friends are for?
  • 4 Does the song give you any idea of what stories
    in this unit will be about?

Do you often write letters to friends frequently,
sometimes, rarely, never?
A lead-in question to the text
  • Sometimes we put off writing letters because we
    think letters can wait until other matters are
    dealt with, or because we think a phone call will
    do instead. However, sometimes, as you are to
    find in this text, we may leave it too late to
    write, and letters are the best in expressing our
    innermost feelings.

While-reading 1
  • Ask the Ss to read the text, and put it into a
    dialogue, and work in pairs first, then have role
    play. Here are the tips

While-reading (Questions)
  • 1 Is your cab available?
  • 2 Is the letter from a child or grandchild?
  • 3 Hes someone youve known quite a while?
  • 4 Did you go to school together?
  • 5 Is he dead?
  • 6 Did you two work at the same place?
  • 7 The letter must have made you feel good, didnt
  • 8 I thought your friend was Ed. Why did he sign
    it Tom?

While-reading (Answers)
  • 1 Yes.
  • 2 No. Ed was my older friend.
  • 3 All my life.
  • 4 All the way through high school.
  • 5 He died a couple of weeks ago.
  • 6 No, but we hung out together when single, later
    we grew more distant.

While-reading (Answers)
  • 7 The driver said something that the narrator
    couldnt understand.
  • 8 The letter was not from Ed to me, I am Tom.
    Its a letter I wrote to him before I knew hed
    died. So I never mailed it.

Text Organisation
  • Parts Paras Main Ideas
  • Part 1 (1-20) From a conversation with the cab
    driver the author learned how much he regretted
    failing to keep up correspondence.
  • Part 2 (21-35) Reading the letter by himself,
    the author learned more about the lifelong
    friendship between the driver and Old Ed.
  • Part 3 (Para36) The drivers experience urged
    the author to reach for his pen.

Language study
  • 24 language points

Language Points 1-2
  • 1 be lost in/ lose oneself in) be absorbed in,
    be fully occupied with
  • He was lost in playing computer games so he was
    unaware of my entering the room.
  • She was lost in her novel.
  • I had lost in my thought.
  • 2 available able to use, had, or reached
  • There are tickets available for Jay Chows
  • You can use the directions available in the book.

Language Point 3
  • 3 or something or something like that, used when
    you are not sure about you have just said.
  • The air fare was 199 or something.
  • Heres some money. Get yourself a sandwich or

Language Point 4
  • 4 go ahead continue, begin (sometimes followed
    by with n)
  • They will vote today on whether to go ahead with
    the plan.
  • Henry will be late but we will go ahead with the
    meeting anyway.

Language Points 5-6
  • 5 know/learn a classic poem by heart memorise,
    remember exactly
  • 6 might as well you have the strong desire to do
    it though you may feel reluctant about it
  • So many people queue here to get serve. We might
    as well go home first.
  • Anyway, youre here you might as well stay.

Language Points 78
  • 7 not much of a not a good
  • He is not much of a father, but he is an
    outstanding professor.
  • In their eyes, being a pop singer is not much of
    a career.
  • 8 correspondence the act of writing, receiving
    or sending letter
  • His interest in writing came for correspondence
    with a penfriend.

Language Point 8
  • Letters that sb receives or sends (used as an
    uncountable noun)
  • Any further correspondence should be sent to my
    new address.
  • She never mentioned her French experience in her

Language Point 9
  • 9 neighbouthood one of the parts of a town where
    people live
  • It seems like an ideal neighbourhood to raise the
  • Houses in a good neighbourhood are likely to be
    sold at a high price.

Language Points 10-11
  • 10 lost touch with sb, keep in touch with sb
  • 11urge sb to do sth try very hard to persuade sb
    to do sth
  • They urged the local authority to take actions
  • Sir Fred urge that Britain join the European
    Monetary System.

Language Points 1213
  • 12postpone delay doing sth
  • The couple postpone having kid to establish their
  • Somehow they postponed telling me the sad news.
  • 13 reference
  • the act of talking about sb/sth, or mentioning
  • Strangely he made no reference to any work
    experience in his resume.

Language Points 1314
  • Sth that shows you where else to look for
  • Make a note of reference number shown on the form
  • The act of looking at sth for information
  • See Page 23 for further reference.

Language Points 14-16
  • 14 absolutely totally and completely
  • Funding is absolutely necessary when Shenzhou 6
    is to travel into the space.
  • 15 a family reunion/ an annual reunion
  • 16 years /each day go(es) by (time) pass

Language Point 17
  • 17 hang out stay in or near a place
  • He often hung out in the pub when unemployed.
  • We can just hang out and have a good time.
  • Hang clothes on a piece of string outside in
    order to dry them
  • What a pain! Its raining and I have just hung my
    bed mattress out.

Language Points 18
  • 18 every now and then sometimes, at times
  • Every now and then I have a desire to quit my
    tedious job.
  • I still see Jane for lunch every now and then,
    but not as often as I used to.

Language Point 19
  • 19 mostly almost all, generally
  • They have invested their money mostly in
    expensive real estate.
  • The guests at the wedding party are mostly
    friends of the bride.

Language Points 2021
  • 20 awful (infml used to add force)very great
    very bad and unpleasant
  • I have got an awful lot of work to do.
  • I cant bear the awful smell of cigarette smoke.
  • 21 choke up become too upset to speak
  • When he learned the news of his friends sudden
    death, he was so choked up he couldnt say a
  • Losing my job left me completely choked up I was
    so upset that I didnt know what to say.

Language Points 2223
  • 22 destination the place to which sb is going or
    being sent
  • Singapore is still our most popular holiday
  • Only half of the emergency supplies have reached
    their destination because of the bad weather.
  • 23 skip pass from (one point, etc.) to another,
    disregarding or failing to act on what comes

Language Points 2324
  • The teacher skipped chapter five and said it
    wouldnt be on the test.
  • As time is limited, we will have to skip some of
    the exercises in Unit 10, said the teacher.
  • 24 right away (infml) at once
  • Tom has got a high fever he should go and see a
    doctor right away.
  • I wrote him a letter and posted it right away.

Bye-bye and Good Luck!
Unit 2 Friendship (3rd session)
  • 1. Grasp the main idea and structure of the text
    (developing a story around a letter), and be able
    to retell the whole story.
  • 2. Review the useful expressions.
  • 3. Appreciate that spoken English is much more
    informal than written English .
  • 4. Be aware of the skills to conduct
  • 5. Master different forms of
  • English letters.

  • Step 1 Review the text
  • Step 2 Review the uesful expressions
  • Step 3 Writing style
  • a?Colloquial Vs. formal
  • b?Skills to conduct conversations
  • Step 4 Role-play
  • Step 5 Letter writing
  • Step 6 Assignments

  • Review the text
  • How many heroes are there in Text A? Who are
  • What is the cabbies name?
  • Whos Ed?
  • What does the story begin with?
  • Is it the letter the cabbie received from his
    friend Ed?
  • Who wrote the letter?
  • Retell the story.

Review useful expressions
  • ???……
  • Be lost in…
  • ??????
  • Get ones attention
  • ?????
  • Settle into the back seat
  • ???????(??)
  • Or something
  • ???
  • Im in no hurry
  • ????
  • Know it by heart
  • ????
  • Be much of a hand at writing
  • ??,??(??)
  • Keep up (correspondence)
  • ??????
  • I take it……
  • ???
  • Old neighborhood
  • ??
  • Kind of /sort of

  • ?????/??/??/??
  • Stay in/keep in/lose/get in touch with
  • ????
  • On ones mind
  • ??
  • Come up/occur
  • ?????……
  • Urge sb. to do sth./urge that-clause(should)
  • ??
  • Right away/at once
  • ??/??
  • Postpone/put off/delay
  • ??
  • Reference
  • ????????
  • A class reunion
  • ???????
  • As time goes by
  • ?????
  • Hung out
  • ???
  • (every now and then)
  • ??
  • Chock up Back

Writing Style
  • Try to find out the similar meaning/the original
    sentence in the text.
  • -- Go on reading your letter.
  • -- Im not used to writing letters.
  • -- We were friends since our childhood. So our
    friendship has a long story.
  • -- For one reason or another you lose touch even
    though you never forget.
  • -- It is painful to lose any friend.

  • -- Go on reading your letter.
  • (Go ahead and finish your letter)
  • -- Im not used to writing letters.
  • (Im not much of a hand at writing)
  • -- We were friends since our childhood. So our
    friendship has a long story.
  • (We were kids together, so we go way back)
  • -- For one reason or another you lose touch even
    though you never forget.
  • (You kind of lose touch even though you never
  • -- It is painful to lose any
  • ( Its no fun to lose any
  • Which sentences above are more

  • Spoken language in daily life
  • 1?short and simple, or incomplete
  • i.e. (Is the letter) From a child or a
  • (You) Went to school together?
  • Time.
  • ( I have) Enjoyed talking with you.
  • 2?do not exist in written language
  • i.e. sort of , kind of, you know, I think, I
    guess, I take it , well, go ahead, hang out ,
    its no fun to do sth. , not much of a hand at
    doing sth., a couple of , every now and then, an
    awful lot.

  • Back

  • Ways to keep conversation going
  • 1?Express agreement to show the cabbie what a
    sympathetic(??????)listener he is.
  • ?????????????????
  • 2?Ask questions directly to get more information
    out of the cabbie.
  • ??????????
  • 3?Ask indirect questions by making guesses.
  • ??????????? back

  • i.e. Letters from home always mean a lot. At
    least they do with me because Im on the road so
  • I dont think any of us keep our
    correspondence too well. I know I dont.
  • Well, we should all keep in touch with old
    friends more than we do. But things come up and
    we just dont seem to find the time.
  • You know Id like to receive a letter like
  • that from my oldest friend. Back

  • You said was. Does that mean--?
  • Did you two work at the same place?
  • I thought your friends name was Ed. Why did he
    sign it Tom?

  • Back

  • From a child or maybe a grandchild?
  • Went to school together?
  • I take it hes someone youve known quite a
  • You must have spent a lot of time together.
  • That must have made you feel good, didnt it?

  • Back

  • Later on, you are required to give us wonderful
  • Pay attention this is role-play, do as if you
    were Tom or the narrator.
  • Try to be creative and active.

  • back

Letter Writing
  • Two types of letters
  • Business letters personal letters
  • ( formal informal )

Business Letter
  • What kind of letter is business letter?
  • It is usually consists of six parts
  • 1?heading (??)
  • 2?the inside address
  • 3?the salutation (????)
  • 4?the body
  • 5?the complimentary close(????)
  • 6? the signature (??)
  • a sample

  • The full address of the writer .
  • The date of the letter.
  • It is indented to the middle of the page.
  • Put a comma after each line in the heading and
    end the address with a period (British way)
  • Samples

  • Example
  • British American
  • Mr. Zhang Qinghua, Mr. Zhang Qinghua
  • The Faculty of Foreign The Faculty of
  • Study, Study
  • Hubei University, Hubei
  • Wuhan, 430062, Wuhan, 430062
  • China. China
  • Nov. 1, 2004 Nov. 1,

  • back


  • English Department

  • Beijing Foreign Studies University

  • Beijing, 100081

  • Sept. 5, 1993
  • Editor
  • Newsweek International
  • 444 Madison Avenue
  • New York, NY 10022
  • U.S.A.
  • Dear Editor,
  • I read in Newsweek/September 14, 1987
    that an updated second edition of the unabridged
    Random House Dictionary of the English Language
    is being published. I would be very grateful if
    you could give me some information on where and
    how I can get a copy of the dictionary and if
    there is a less expensive edition than the one
  • Thank you for any help you can give me.

  • Yours faithfully,

  • Lin Huafeng

  • back

Personal/friendly letters
  • The salutation
  • The complimentary close
  • The signature
  • A model


  • Nov.1,2004
  • Dear Liping,
  • It has been a few months since I last
    wrote you and sent you a box of books, and as I
    have not heard anything from you, I thought I
    would write again to make certain that you did,
    in fact, receive my letter and books.
  • I am concerned about the books arriving
    there and would appreciate your letting me know
    if you have received them and if they were the
    kind of books you could use.
  • Best regards,

  • George

  • Summary

  • 1. Finish all the exercises on the book in this
    unit, and you will be checked next time.
  • 2. Write a personal letter to whoever you want to
    write. Pay attention that you should bear in mind
    the format of writing a letter while you are
    doing the task.

Teaching objectives
  • 1 Grasp the main language points
  • 2 Use the new words correctly
  • 3 Conduct a series of reading, listening,
    speaking, writing and translating activities
    centered upon the theme of the unit.

Check answers and do some activities.
Read words and phrases in the third unit.
Assignments a) Go over unit 2 b) Prepare
for unit 3
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