WINTER DRIVING COURSE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WINTER DRIVING COURSE

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Fan Belts - Keep a spare or the old one. EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT. Highway Warning Kit or Flares ... STOP, GET OFF THE ROADWAY, AND WAIT!! HILLS AND GRADES ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WINTER DRIVING COURSE


1
DRIVING IN ALASKA
2
VEHICLE PREPERATION
Check your tires for tread and inflation 5-10
Adjust Anti-freeze to 66/34 (2 to 1)
Winter weight oil/lubricants 5/20-30
Head and tail lights (carry extras)
Battery (clean terminals)
Fan Belts - Keep a spare or the old one
Emergency Equipment
3
EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
  • Highway Warning Kit or Flares
  • First Aid Kit (w/pocket knife pocket mask)
  • ABC Fire Extinguisher
  • Tow Strap (about 20 feet)
  • Spare Tire (properly inflated)
  • Tool Kit (pliers, wrench, screwdriver, etc.)
  • Flashlight
  • Maps, pencil, paper
  • Jumper Cables
  • Waterproof Matches or Flint Striker
  • Containers for liquids
  • Paper Towels
  • Easily Prepared Food (non-perishable)
  • Portable Heating Equipment
  • Transistor Radio spare batteries

4
ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT
  • Sack of sand
  • Chains
  • Shovel
  • Ice scraper /or Snow brush
  • Blanket/Sleeping Bag
  • Extra Warm clothing's (boots, gloves, coat)

5
  • HAZARDS OF WINTER DRIVING IN ALASKA

6
PREPARE YOUR VEHICLE
Tires Properly Inflated
Clean Off Vehicle Completely! Clean all
lights Scrape all windows and mirrors Sweep all
the snow off the vehicle
Leave 5-15 Minutes Early - Allow extra
time for travel
Everyone Buckled Up
Start Out 5 mph Test Brakes
7
COLD WEATHER STARTING
  • DO NOT RACE ENGINE!
  • Let engine warm up adequately!

8
REMEMBER
Adjust to Conditions
Hills and Grades
Following Distance
Steering
Skids
9
ADJUST TO CONDITIONS
DRIVE AT REDUCED SPEEDS SO YOU CAN STOP QUICKER
Decrease 5-10 mph if roads icy or wet
You may need to drive even slower
  • GIVE TURN SIGNALS SOONER THAN USUAL. THIS GIVES
    OTHER DRIVERS MORE TIME TO REACT.

10
FRESH SNOW MAY CONCEAL AN ICY ROAD SURFACE.
11
OPERATING ON SNOW AND ICE
  • DRIVE IN SECOND OR THIRD GEAR RATHER THAN FIRST
    OR LOW. ENGAGE THE CLUTCH GRADUALLY (or in D2,
    HIGH, WITH AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION), AND
    ACCELERATE NO MORE THAN NECESSARY TO KEEP FROM
    STALLING.

AVOID QUICK ACCELERATION ON SLICK ROADS. IT
WILL CAUSE YOU TO SKID.
12

BLACK ICE
DANGEROUS BECAUSE YOU CANT SEE IT! COMMON AREAS
YOU FIND IT - 1. Bridges/Overpasses/Underpass
es 2. Shaded areas
13
BLACK ICE
REACTION
  • DO NOT PANIC!
  • MAKE NO SUDDEN CHANGES IN SPEED OR
  • DIRECTION!
  • EASE OFF ACCELERATOR!
  • STEER IN DIRECTION THAT YOU WANT TO GO!

14
FOG
WHEN DRIVING IN FOG, USE LOW-BEAM HEADLIGHTS, or
STOP, GET OFF THE ROADWAY, AND WAIT!!
15
When approaching a hill, upgrade, or
downgrade remember to do the following
HILLS AND GRADES
1. Select the proper gear before approaching,
usually a lower gear. 2. Use the same gear going
down that you used going up. This will allow the
engine to act as a brake, so you will not have to
use your brake excessively.
16
Following Distance
  • MAINTAIN AT LEAST TRIPLE THE NORMAL DISTANCE FROM
    THE VEHICLE AHEAD.

17
SKIDS
Result from unexpected forces 1. Black Ice 2.
Driving to fast for conditions 3. Sudden steering
corrections or braking 4. Sudden accelerations
18
SKIDS
If your vehicle begins to skid, take the
following actions 1. Front end skids - Release
the brake and let the front wheels roll freely to
regain traction and steering control. 2. Rear
end skids - Take foot off of accelerator and turn
wheels in the direction that you want to go, and
pump brakes lightly.
19
SEAT BELTS
  • Keep YOU Inside Vehicle
  • Protection
  • Stabilization
  • Remain Conscious
  • Maintain Control
  • Safer Driver

20
CARBON MONOXIDE
!!! DANGER !!! CARBON MONOXIDE
POISONING
Each year 1,500 people are killed in the U.S. by
carbon monoxide, approximately 900 of whom die in
their homes. More than 10,000 are exposed to
levels so dangerous that medical attention is
required.
21
CARBON MONOXIDE Attributes/Effects 1. Odorless
Colorless 2. Nausea Dizziness 3. Causes
Drowsiness 4. CAN BE FATAL !!!
22
CARBON MONOXIDE
Prevention 1. Never run engine in an enclosed
area 2. Check exhaust (muffler) daily for leaks
23
SAFE WINTER DRIVING
KNOW YOUR VEHICLE
24
SAFE WINTER DRIVING
BRAKE SYSTEM
To make an emergency stop on a slippery road
with Regular Brakes Pump the Brake Pedal
Antilock Brakes (ABS) Press down and
hold. The ABS will pump for you
25
Safe Winter Driving
Front Wheel Drive Pulls
Rear Wheel Drive Pushes
The systems may feel a little different, but
always steer in the direction you want to go,
and make gentle corrections to regain control.
DRIVE SYSTEM
26
For Safe Winter Driving
TIRES
Do you know the speed rating? Are the treads 4
millimeters deep? Are all tires inflated to the
correct Pressure? Do you have matching tire types
(radial or bias ply)? Recommended -- Minimum
Legal Tread Depth is 1.6 mm
27
Safe Winter Driving
LIGHT SYSTEM
Do all your lights work? Headlights properly
aimed? Dim your high beams in fog and to
on-coming traffic. Fog lights should only be
on in low visibility conditions. Do you know how
to turn on the hazard lights?
28
Please access the FWA Garrison Website
at http//www.wainwright.army.mil/safety/ or
call 353-7078/6473
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