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Sanctuary in the Book of Revelation

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Seven new moons leading up to feast. The Annual Feasts in Revelation. Day of Atonement ... Tabernacles. Rev 21-22: Yom Kippur is over. Harvest is over (Rev 14) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sanctuary in the Book of Revelation


1
Sanctuary in the Book of Revelation
  • Jirí Moskala, Th.D., Ph.D.
  • Professor of Old Testament Exegesis
  • and Theology
  • Andrews University

2
Special Blessing
  • Rev 13
  • Blessed is the one who reads the words of this
    prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and
    take to heart what is written in it, because the
    time is near.

3
An Appendix? An Obscure Book?
  • The Book of Revelation Culmination of Biblical
    Theology.
  • Do you like ART? Do you like to visit picture
    galleries?

4
Revelation of John?
  • The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave
    him to show his servants what must soon take
    place. He made it known by sending his angel to
    his servant John
  • Rev 11

5
Revelation of God
  • Revelation coming from God about God!
  • Introduction and Conclusion GRACE
  • Rev 14 Grace and peace to you
  • Rev 2221 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with
    God's people. Amen.

6
Literary Structure of the Book of Revelation
  • Chapters 1-11
  • Historical part (several overviews from the first
    coming to the second coming of Jesus)
  • Chapters 12-22
  • Eschatological part (focus on the end-time
    events)

7
Chiastic Climax of the Apocalypse
  • Rev 12-14

8
The Chiasm of Revelation
The Final Crisis D
The Seven Trum- pets C
The Seven Bowls C
The Seven Seals B
The Millen- nium B
1119- 1420
The New Jeru- salem A
The Seven Churches A
82- 1118
151- 1824
41- 81
191- 2015
Pro- logue
Epi- logue
19- 322
211- 225
11-8
226- 21
9
Revelation 12-14
  • The culmination of the chiastic structure
  • Summary of the Great Controversy

10
The Meganarrative of Revelation Series of Sevens
  • Prologue Revelation 11-8
  • (Series of Seven's)
  • I. 7 Churches (2-3)
  • II. 7 Seals (61-81)
  • III. 7 Trumpets (87-118)
  • IV. 7 Cosmic Conflict Scenes (121-154)
  • Last 6 start with kai eidon "And I saw"
  • 1. 121-17 Woman and Serpent
  • 2. 131-10 Sea Beast
  • 3. 1311-16 Land Beast
  • 4. 141-5 144,000
  • 5. 146-13 3 Angels' Message
  • 6. 1414-20 Harvest
  • 7. 151-4 Sea of Glass
  • V. 7 Plagues (161-1824)
  • VI. 7 Scenes in the Windup of the Cosmic
    Conflict (1911-2015)
  • Each scene starts with kai eidon "And I saw"
  • 1. 1911-16 White Horse
  • 2. 1917-18 Supper of Birds

11
The Explicit Pattern
Introduction
Vision
Seven Churches (2-3)
19-20
Seven Seals (6-7)
4 5
Seven Trumpets (8-11)
82-6
7 GC Scenes (12-14)
1119
Seven Plagues (16-18)
155-8
7 GC Scenes (19-20)
191-10
New Earth (21-22)
211-8
12
The Literary Structure
  • Introductory Sanctuary Scenes
    Series of Seven's
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands 7 Churches (2-3)

13
The Literary Structure
  • Introductory Sanctuary Scenes
    Series of Seven's
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands 7 Churches (2-3)
  • II. 4-5 Throne Inauguration 7 Seals (61-81)

14
The Literary Structure
  • Introductory Sanctuary Scenes Series of
    Seven's
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands 7 Churches (2-3)
  • II. 4-5 Throne Inauguration 7 Seals (61-81)
  • III. 82-6 Altar of Incense Intercession
    7 Trumpets (87- 118)

15
The Literary Structure
  • Introductory Sanctuary Scenes
    Series of Seven's
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands 7 Churches (2-3)
  • II. 4-5 Throne Inauguration 7 Seals (61-81)
  • 82-6 Altar of Incense Intercession
  • 7 Trumpets (87-118)
  • 1119 Ark of Covenant Judgment 7 Cosmic
    Conflict Scenes (121-154)

16
The Literary Structure
  • Introductory Sanctuary Scenes
  • Series of Seven's
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands 7 Churches (2-3)
  • II. 4-5 Throne Inauguration 7 Seals
    (61-81)
  • 82-6 Altar of Incense Intercession
  • 7 Trumpets (87-118)
  • 1119 Ark of Covenant Judgment
  • 7 Cosmic Conflict Scenes
    (121-154)
  • 155-8 Sanctuary Closes Up Cessation
  • 7 Plagues (161-1824)

17
The Literary Structure
  • Introductory Sanctuary Scenes Series of
    Seven's
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands 7 Churches (2-3)
  • II. 4-5 Throne Inauguration 7 Seals
    (61-81)
  • III. 82-6 Altar of Incense Intercession 7
    Trumpets (87-118)
  • IV. 1119 Ark of Covenant Judgment 7 Cosmic
    Conflict Scenes (121-154)
  • V. 155-8 Sanctuary Closes Up
    "De-inauguration" 7 Plagues (161-
    1824)
  • VI. 191-10 Doxology from the Sanctuary 7
    Scenes in the Windup of the
    Cosmic Conflict (1911-2015)

18
The Literary Structure
  • Introductory Sanctuary Scenes Series of
    Seven's
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands 7 Churches (2-3)
  • II. 4-5 Throne Inauguration 7 Seals
    (61-81)
  • III. 82-6 Altar of Incense Intercession 7
    Trumpets (87-118)
  • IV. 1119 Ark of Covenant Judgment 7 Cosmic
    Conflict Scenes (121-154)
  • V. 155-8 Sanctuary Closes Up
    "De-inauguration" 7 Plagues (161-
    1824)
  • VI. 191-10 Doxology from the Sanctuary 7
    Scenes in the Windup of the
    Cosmic Conflict (1911-2015)
  • VII. 211-8 Tabernacle of God with Humans 7
    Part Description of the New Jerusalem
    (219-225)

19
The Literary Structure
  • Prologue Revelation 11-8
  • Introductory Sanctuary Scenes Series of
    Seven's
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands 7 Churches (2-3)
  • II. 4-5 Throne Inauguration 7 Seals
    (61-81)
  • III. 82-6 Altar of Incense Intercession 7
    Trumpets (87-118)
  • IV. 1119 Ark of Covenant Judgment 7 Cosmic
    Conflict Scenes (121-154)
  • V. 155-8 Sanctuary Closes Up Cessation 7
    Plagues (161-824)
  • VI. 191-10 Doxology from the Sanctuary 7
    Scenes in the Windup of the
    Cosmic Conflict (1911-2015)
  • VII. 211-8 Tabernacle of God with Humans 7
    Fold Description of the New Jerusalem
    (219-225)
  • Epilogue Revelation 226-21

20
Introductory Sanctuary Scenes
  • I. 19-20 Lampstands
  • II. 4-5 Throne Inauguration
  • III. 82-6 Altar of Incense Intercession
  • IV. 1119 Ark of Covenant Judgment
  • V. 155-8 Sanctuary Closes Up Cessation
  • VI. 191-10 Doxology from the Sanctuary
  • VII. 211-8 Tabernacle of God with Humans

21
Earth-Heaven-Earth Pattern
(1) Rev 19-20
Earth (2) Rev 4 5
(Inauguration) (3) Rev 82-6
(Intercession) (4) Rev 1119
(Judgment) Heaven
(5) Rev 155-8 (Cessation) (6) Rev
191-10 (Absence) (7) Rev 211-8

Earth
22
The Menorah Pattern
A VERTICAL VIEW
HEAVEN
(4)
(3) (5)
Judgment
(2)
(6)
Intercession Cessation
Inauguration
Absence
Rev 41
Rev 213
(1)
(7)
Patmos

New J
EARTH
23
The Daily Service (Tamid) in Revelation
Order of Daily Service
Order in Revelation
1) Trim lamps
1) 112-20
2) Leave temple door open
2) 41
3) Slay lamb
3) 56
4) Pour out blood at base of altar of burnt
offering
4) 69-11
5) Collect coals and incense in censer
5) 83-4
6) Minister incense at golden altar
6) 83-4
7) Period of silence
7) 81
8) Seven trumpets blow
8) 82,6
9) Throw down censer
9) 85
24
The Yearly Service in Revelation
Allusions to Yom Kippur
Location in Revelation
  • Measure Sanctuary, Altar, and People (Lev
    166,11,16-18,
  • 23-24, 32-34)

1) 111-2
2) Ark and Judgment
2) 1118-19
3) Commandments of God Located in Ark
3) 1217 1412
4) Judgment Has Come
4) 147
5) Grape Harvest (Fall)
5) 1414-20
25
The Daily/Yearly Pattern
First half of Revelation (1-11) modeled on
Daily service (Tamid)
Intercession
Second half of Revelation (12-22) modeled on the
yearly service (Yom Kippur)
Judgment
26
The Annual Feasts in Revelation
Passover
? Concentration on Christs death and
resurrection (15,17-18 321)
? Fulfilled by earthly Christ
? Search for leaven
? Meal of Mutual Fellowship (Rev 320)
27
The Annual Feasts in Revelation
Pentecost
? Inauguration of heavenly sanctuary occurred
at Pentecost
? 56 Spirit goes out to world
? First Pentecost at Sinai (Exod 19)
? Readings for Pentecost Exod 19 Ezek 1
28
The Annual Feasts in Revelation
Feast of Trumpets
? Clearest connection with annual feasts
? Seven new moons leading up to feast
29
The Annual Feasts in Revelation
Day of Atonement
? Sanctuary, ark, commandments, judgment
? Grape Harvest
30
The Annual Feasts in Revelation
Tabernacles
? Rev 21-22 Yom Kippur is over
? Harvest is over (Rev 14)
? Gods Tabernacle is with us (213)
? Feasting, palm branches, music, rejoicing,
hallelujahs (cf. Rev 7, 19)
? Water and light
31
The Seven Sanctuary Scenes and the Annual Hebrew
Festivals
  • Sanctuary Scenes Festivals
  • I. 19-20 Passover
  • II. 4-5 Pentecost
  • III. 82-6 Trumpets
  • IV. 1119 Day of Atonement (Beginning)
  • 155-8 Day of Atonement (Progression)
  • VI. 191-10 Day of Atonement (Closure)
  • VII. 211-8 Tabernacles

32
The Annual Feasts in Revelation
Book of Revelation Moves from Spring to Fall
Feasts
Trumpets transition from Spring to Fall
Signals opening of judgment
Yearly service is presented in the 2nd half
First half of book Christian age
Second half of book End -Time
33
Patterns Earth/Heaven and Holy Place /Most Holy
Place
  • 19-20 (1) Earthfocus on earthly work of Christ
    (combined with Holy Place imagery)
  • 4-5 (2) Inauguration of heavenly sanctuary
    (thorough mix of sanctuary imagery but Holy
    Place focus)
  • 82-6 (3) Intercession in heavenly
    sanctuary(Holy Place)
  • 1119 (4) Judgment in heavenly sanctuary (Most
    Holy Place)
  • 155-8 (5) Cessation of heavenly sanctuary
    ministry
  • 191-10 (6) Doxology in heaven(absence of
    explicit heavenly sanctuary imagery)
  • 211-8 (7) Back to Earth"Tabernacle of God is
    with men."

34
God is love
  • These seven opening sanctuary scenes present a
    beautiful picture about our God, His amazing
    actions for us, and His magnificent plan of
    Salvation.
  • Hallelujah to God!
  • Soli Deo Gloria!!! Amen!
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