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Feeling his end was near, the Hindus said we will cremate you, the Muslims said ... from imprisonment in the Gwalior Fort coincides with Diwali a Hindu festival. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sikhism

Who is a Sikh?
  • A Sikh is any person whose faith consists of
    belief in One God, the ten Sikh Gurus, the Guru
    Granth Sahib and other scriptures and teachings
    of the Sikh Gurus. Additionally, he or she must
    believe in the necessity and importance of
    Amrit, the Sikh baptism.

The Founder of Sikhism
  • The founder of Sikhism is Guru Nanak.
  • The founder of the Sikh religion, Guru Nanak
    was born on April 15, 1469 in the Western Punjab
    village of Talwandi
  • Feeling his end was near, the Hindus said we
    will cremate you, the Muslims said we will bury
    you. Guru Nanak said "You place flowers on
    either side, Hindus on my right, Muslims on my
    left. Those whose flowers remain fresh tomorrow
    will have their way." Then on September 22, 1539
    in the early hours of the morning Guru Nanak
    died. When the followers lifted the sheet they
    found nothing except the flowers which were all
    fresh. The Hindus took theirs and cremated them,
    while the Muslims took their flowers and buried

  • Sikhism was founded in the early fifteenth
    century by a teacher called Guru Nanak. He was
    firmly believed that all people were born equal
    and should have equal opportunities. Guru means
    "spiritual leader" .There are over 20 million
    Sikhs worldwide
  • After Guru Nanak there were nine other gurus
  • Guru Nanak 1469-1539
  • Guru Angad 1539-1552
  • Guru Amar 1552-1574
  • Guru Ram 1574-1581
  • Guru Arjan 1581-1606
  • Guru Har Gobind 1606-1644
  • Guru Har Rai 1644-1675
  • Guru Gobind Singh 1575-1708

Sikh Symbols
  • Khanda
  • The Khanda is the symbol of the Sikhs. The
    symbol derives its name from the double-edged
    sword (also called a Khanda)

Sikh Symbols
  • Nishan Sahib
  • Nishan Sahib is the name given to the flag
    which is seen flying outside every Sikh Gurdwara
    (Temple). It is a triangular piece of ochre or
    saffron coloured cloth with the Khanda emblem in
    the middle.

Sikh Symbols
  • Ik Onkar
  • "There is Only One God". The first two words
    in the Guru Granth Sahib They appear at the
    beginning of the Mul Mantra written by Guru Nanak
    describing the qualities of God in the Japji.

  • Nitnem is a panjabi name of Daily Prayers Nit
    meaning daily and nem means routine. A Practicing
    Sikh is known to recite five of the following
    prayers in the morning.Japji SahibJaap
    SahibTav Prasad SavaiyeChaupai Patdhahi
    10Anand Sahib

  • A Sikh shrine is called a Gurdwara,
    meaning the doorway to the house of God.
  • The first Gurdwara was built by Guru Nanak
    Dev at Kartarpur.

Women in Sikhism
  • In the Sikh religion women are worthy of
    praise and are equal to men, Guru Nanak Dev
    encouraged the participation of women as equals
    in worship, in society,and on the battlefield.

The Guru Granth Sahib
  • The Sikh holy book is also known as the Adi
    Granth and is treated with the upmost respect by
    Sikhs. Sikhism rejects idol worship so the book
    is not worshiped as an idol but rather emphasis
    is placed on the book for the writings within it

  • The Sikh naming or christening ceremony is
    well established and it takes place in a
    Gurudwara. The family offers donations, Karah
    Parshad (a holy pudding) and a Rumala, which is a
    covering for Guru Granth Sahib, made of high
    quality silk, cotton or embroidered cloth.
    Prayers are offered asking for a special blessing
    of good health, long life and the Sikh way of
    life, Gursikhi for the child.
  • Guru Granth Sahib is opened at random. The
    first letter of the first word of the hymn on the
    page is selected as the first letter of the
    child's name. The given name is common for either
    sex. The word Kaur meaning 'princess' is added
    after a girl's name and the name Singh meaning
    'lion' after a boy's. For example, if the first
    letter is "P", the male child may be given a name
    like Partap Singh or Pritam Singh or any other
    such name beginning with the letter "P". If the
    newly born is a girl the name would like, Partap

Initiation Ceremony
  • The initiation ceremony into full membership
    of Sikhism is known as the amrit ceremony and,
    amrit can be taken at any age.  Amrit is a
    mixture of sugar and water (nectar), prepared in
    a steel bowl and stirred with a Khanda, a
    two-edged sword.  The amrit is placed on the
    tongue and sprinkled on the eyes and hair.  About
    a third of all Sikhs go through the amrit
    ceremony after which time they have to observe
    the Sikh code of conduct  They then learn
    Gurmukhi, the script in which the Adi Granth is
    written, in order to read the scriptures,
    sometimes as part of public worship. 

The five Ks
  • These are clothing practices followed by
    stricter Sikhs
  • 1. Kesa (long hair, which is never cut)
  • 2. Kangah (comb)
  • 3. Kacha (short pants)
  • 4. Kara (metal bracelet)
  • 5. Kirpan (a ceremonial dagger)

  • Is there a priest or preacher who says the
  • Nobody becomes a priest or preacher a member
    of the Sikh community is appointed to be the
    Granthi they read and expound the scriptures and
    take care of the day to day running of the
    Gurdwara all are equal and there is no ordained

  • Do they have a Sabbath day? Do they celebrate
    their religion on a certain day?
  • The Sikhs do not have a Sabbath or holy day,
    so they meet whenever it is convenient.
  • How long does the service take place for?
  • The Diwan lasts several hours, and members of
    the congregation may come and go during that
    time. The atmosphere may seem quite informal

  • Why is the Service held?
  • The Service is held for three reasons
  • To read and meditate upon the Granth
  • To join in songs of praise
  • To express and strengthen the unity and equality
    of the congregation

  • Gurupurabs
  • Gurupurabs are anniversaries associated with
    the lives of the Sikh Gurus. The Sikhs celebrate
    10 Gurpurabs in a year. At each of these
    festivals, one of the ten gurus of the Khalsa
    Pantha is honoured. Of these the important ones
    are the birthdays of Guru Nanak and Guru Govind
    Singh and the martyrdom days of Guru Arjun Dev
    and Guru Teg Bahadur.

  • Bandi-Chhorh Divas
  • The Sikh celebration of the return of the
    sixth Nanak from imprisonment in the Gwalior Fort
    coincides with Diwali a Hindu festival.
  • The Sikhs celebrate this day as Bandi Chhorh
    Divaswhich means "the day of release of
    prisoners", because the sixth Nanak agreed to his
    release on the condition that the other fifty-two
    prisoners would also be released. Sikhs on this
    day, which normally falls in October-November,
    hold one day celebrations in the Gurdwaras.

The End