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Introduction to Anthropology

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Basic Definition. Study of humankind over time and space. What makes Anthropology distinctive? ... Holidays (Halloween) Rituals (Sweet Sixteen) Behaviors ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Anthropology


1
Introduction to Anthropology
  • Ms. Hernandez
  • Period 6

2
What is Anthropology?
3
Anthropology
  • Systematic way of understanding the human
    experience and human diversity
  • Comprehensive study of past and present human
    population and origin
  • Cross cultural comparison of all societies
  • Ancient vs. Modern
  • Small vs. Large
  • Simple vs. Complex

4
Basic Definition
  • Study of humankind over time and space

5
What makes Anthropology distinctive?
  • Study all varieties of people
  • Study humankind at all time periods
  • Study all aspects of humanity (religion,
    economics, food preferences, art, ecology,
    gender, race, etc.)
  • Accept the unity of humanity. We are ALL similar
    somehow.

6
Characteristics of Anthropology
  • Holistic perception and emphasis on the totality
    rather than the details of the parts.
  • Macro- holistic view- looking at the whole
    experience
  • Micro-looking at single culture- integration of
    its parts
  • Bio-cultural try to understand humans from a
    biological and cultural existence- the PHYSICAL
    and the SOCIAL

7
IMPORTANTEthnocentrism versus Cultural Relativism
  • Ethnocentrism attitude that a societys customs
    and ideas can be judged within the context of
    ones own culture
  • Cultural Relativism the attitude that a
    societys customs and ideas should be viewed
    within the context of that societys ideals and
    values
  • Perception of reality socially and
    psychologically conditioned by culture

8
What is Culture?
9
What is Culture?
  • Culture set of learned behaviors, beliefs,
    attitudes, values, and ideals that are shared by
    a particular society

10
Major Cultural Characteristics
  • Learned
  • Shared
  • Symbolic

11
Culture is Learned
  • Learned culture is learned through other members
    of group
  • Socialization process internalizing meanings and
    symbols used to interact and express thought
  • Learned by language, objects, reactions, etc.

12
Culture is Shared
  • Shared through social interactions of groups-
    learn from each other
  • Cooperative enterprise

13
Culture is Symbolic
  • Symbolic meaning given to objects, events, and
    concepts
  • Holidays (Halloween)
  • Rituals (Sweet Sixteen)
  • Behaviors (Sporting events)
  • Objects (Computer)
  • Food (Birthday cake)

14
What is Cultural Anthropology?
15
Cultural Anthropology
  • Study of recent/ contemporary societies and
    cultures in order to understand cultural
    diversity
  • Explain behavioral variation within a culture and
    across cultures
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