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Gregorian Chant

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... a four line staff - instead of the modern day five line staff ... beautiful artwork and decorations found throughout most ... became modern day notes. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gregorian Chant


1
Gregorian Chant
  • The Origins of Written Music

2
The History of Gregorian Chant
  • Named for Pope St. Gregory the Great (540-604).
  • It is believed that Gregory did not write any
    chants, but instead organized the many different
    schools of chant into one coherent form by
    developing the Antiphonary (written music).
  • The Antiphonary is the oldest surviving form of
    written music.

3
What does Gregorian Chant look like?
4
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5
Gregorian Chant uses a four line staff - instead
of the modern day five line staff
  • A Benedictine Monk Named Guido DArezzo is
    believed to have created this staff, although
    there is some debate over whether or not he
    actually did it.

6
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7
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8
The beautiful artwork and decorations found
throughout most chants gives them the name
Illuminated Manuscripts.Monks often spent months
creating one chant. After all, what else was
there to do?
9
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10
What are all those squiggly bits?
11
Those squiggly bits are called NEUMES.
  • Neumes are like musical notes without stems. The
    shape of each neume determines the rhythm and
    pitch of each note.
  • Neumes eventually became modern day notes.

12
Where is the key signature, the clef, and the
time signature?
13
The Clef is there, but the time signature and key
signature arent.
  • Gregorian Chant uses a clef that looks like the
    letter C. The clef actually curls around the
    line that is middle C.
  • Gregorian chant does not use a time signature.
    It is sung as the words dictate.
  • All Gregorian chant is sung in a certain mode,
    not a key signature.

14
What language are they singing in?
15
Latin
  • All of the text is in Latin. The reason for this
    is that Gregorian Chant is completely based in
    religion (Christianity).
  • The text is directly from the Bible and sung
    during religious services. Each chant has a
    specific function, much like Hymns do.
  • Today, chant is still used in the Catholic and
    Eastern Orthodox churches.

16
Why are there only men singing?
17
Women were not allowed to participate in any part
of a religious ceremony in 10th Century Europe.
18
Lets look a bit closer atNEUMES
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