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U.S. International Climate Change Initiatives Dr. Toral PatelWeynand U.S. Department of State

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Start Date: October 2001 with up to a five-year duration ... Start Date: 1998 and will end in March 2003 ... Start Date: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U.S. International Climate Change Initiatives Dr. Toral PatelWeynand U.S. Department of State


1
U.S. International Climate Change Initiatives
Dr. Toral Patel-Weynand U.S. Department of State
  • UNFCCC Workshop on the Preparation of National
    Communications from non-Annex I Parties
  • Manila, Philippines
  • April 30, 2004

2
Opening Remarks
  • I want to thank the UNFCCC for the opportunity
    to talk about U.S.s climate change bilateral
    activities, especially its capacity building
    activities.

3
International Bilateral Cooperation
  • Since September 2001, the U. S. has revitalized
    or initiated 13 formal bilateral relationships
    with Japan, European Union (EU), Italy,
    Australia, and Canada, New Zealand, and Russia
    among the developed countries as well as Central
    American Countries (Belize, Costa Rica, El
    Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and
    Panama), China, India, Republic of Korea, Mexico,
    and South Africa among the developing countries.
  • While each of these bilateral relationship is
    unique, there is a common interest in advancing
    climate change science and technology.

4
Bilateral Initiatives
  • Some Examples
  • U.S. - Japan High Level Consultation
  • U.S. - Australia Climate Action Partnership
  • U.S. - New Zealand Climate Partnership
  • U.S. - India Bilateral on Climate Change
  • U.S. - Canada Climate Change Bilateral

5
Japan
  • The HLC was established on June 30, 2001. 13
    projects were selected for priority
    implementation under the Science and technology
    working group. These projects include
    improvements of climate models, impacts and
    adaptation/mitigation policy assessment employing
    emission-climate-impact integrated models
    observation and international data exchange and
    quality control, research on GHG sinks including
    LULUCF research on polar regions and
    development of mitigation and prevention
    technologies

6
Australia
  • The CAP Joint statement issued in February 2002
    focuses on practical approaches toward dealing
    with climate change and on such issues as
    emissions measurement and accounting, climate
    change science, stationary energy technologies,
    engagement with business to create economically
    efficient climate change solutions, agriculture
    and land management and collaboration with
    developing countries to build capacity to deal
    with climate change.
  • 19 projects in addition to 10 initiatives in the
    agriculture and forestry sectors under which the
    CASGMS group is active

7
New Zealand
  • Joint statement on collaboration was issued in
    October of 2003.
  • July of 2003 collaboration on 26 projects was
    agreed to and project implementation is in
    progress. CASGMS is also a very active
    participant under this agreement under the
    land-use change priority area.

8
India
  • US India joint statement was announced in June
    2002. There are 18 projects under this agreement.
    There is a strong emphasis on technology under
    this agreement.

9
Canada
  • The agreement came into force in March 2007.
    Both countries are continuing to work closely to
    move projects under the different priority areas
    towards implementation phase.
  • These are just some highlights additional
    information on these agreements is available at
    www.state.gov/g/oes/climate

10
Bi-lateral Climate Change Initiatives
  • Under the Climate Change Partnerships discussed
    above and under our bilateral efforts globally,
    we have engaged in a number of initiatives that
    specifically focus on capacity building in a
    number of countries.
  • Examples are provided in the following slides.

11
Famine Early Warning (FEWS Net)
  • Budget 6 million (FY02) and 6 million (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA NASA
  • Start Date 2000
  • Purpose To provide decision-makers with the
    information to effectively respond to drought and
    food insecurity. FEWS NET analyzes remote sensing
    data and ground-based meteorological, crop, and
    range-land observations to track progress of
    rainy seasons in semi-arid regions of Africa to
    identify early indications of potential famine.

12
Drought Monitoring Center-Nairobi (DMCN)
  • Budget 900k (FY02) and 651k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA, WMO, IRI
  • Start Date July 2002
  • Purpose To improve climate monitoring,
    prediction and applications, and early warning of
    climate related disasters in support of regional
    disaster preparedness and other sustainable
    development objectives in Greater Horn of Africa
    (GHA).

13
Drought Monitoring Center (DMCH) - Harare, and
Regional Remote Sensing Unit (RRSU)
  • Budget 450k (FY02) and 651k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA, IRI, WMO, Southern African
    Development Community (SADC)
  • Start Date FY02
  • Purpose To improve multi-sector, short- and
    long-term climate risk management and emergency
    response to climate variability throughout the
    Southern Africa region. The focus is to
    strengthen long-term regional capacity to
    understand, monitor, predict, plan for and
    respond to hydro-climatic impacts in sensitive
    sectors and provide timely operational climate
    information to better manage risks and potential
    climate shocks under current regional conditions
    of elevated disaster risk.

14
Climate Monitoring/Information Dissemination
  • Budget 950k (FY02) and 950k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA
  • Start Date 1997
  • Purpose To mitigate drought, flood and severe
    storm disasters through geographically targeted
    climate-forecasting applications in combination
    with other climate and sector-specific
    information such as observations and historical
    perspectives.

15
African Center for Meteorological Applications
Development (ACMAD)
  • Budget 300k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA, University of Oklahoma
  • Start Date June 1999
  • Purpose Support for ACMAD, which coordinates and
    manages RANET, a program that broadcasts
    weather-related data via radio and internet to
    farmers.

16
Climate Forecast Applications for Disaster
Mitigation in Asia
  • Budget 700k in FY03
  • Partners Relevant government agencies, NGOs,
    academicians, emergency response and management
    entities, community groups
  • Start Date October 2001 with up to a five-year
    duration
  • Purpose To mitigate hydro-meteorological
    disaster through climate forecast applications in
    vulnerable countries in Asia.

17
Extreme Climate Events in Asia
  • Budget 240,000 (FY02)
  • Partners NOAA
  • Start Date 1998 and will end in March 2003
  • Purpose To improve the understanding of the
    impacts of extreme climate events in selected
    Asian countries and to reduce the disaster
    impacts of such events through application of
    climate forecast information.

18
Climate Forecasting and Applications for
Bangladesh
  • Budget 458k (FY02) and 308k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA/OGP, Asian Disaster Preparedness
    Center (Bangkok), International Research Group
    for Climate Prediction (IRI), European Center for
    Medium Range Weather Forecasts.
  • Start Date 9/26/00
  • Purpose To develop a comprehensive
    flood-forecasting technology for Bangladesh, then
    to utilize the forecasts for relevant
    applications.

19
Development of a Flood Early-Warning System in
Vietnam
  • Budget 280k (FY02) and 250k (FY03)
  • Partners UNDP
  • Start Date 6/00
  • Purpose to develop a flood early-warning system
    in seven flood-prone provinces of central
    Vietnam.

20
Development of a Coastal Storm Early-Warning
System in Vietnam
  • Budget 480k (FY02) and 500k (FY03)
  • Partners UNDP
  • Start Date 5/01
  • Purpose to implement a radio-and pager-based
    storm early-warning system for fishing boats at
    sea in all 25 coastal provinces in Vietnam.

21
Trans-Boundary River Forum
  • Budget 100k (FY02) and 100k (FY03)
  • Partners International Center for Integrated
    Mountain Development, NOAA and USGS
  • Start Date
  • Purpose To support a regional forum to share
    forecasting and flood-related information. This
    forum brings together decision-makers and
    technical personnel from countries in South Asia
    to share information related to flood disasters
    in the region, and broader trans-boundary water
    issues.

22
Community-Based Disaster Preparedness in South
Asia
  • Budget 500k (FY03)
  • Partners
  • Start Date October 2002
  • Purpose To offer funding for flood-related
    community preparedness programs in flood-prone
    districts in South Asia.

23
Development of Flood-Forecasting in the Mekong
River Basin
  • Budget 75k (FY02) and 75k (FY03)
  • Partners NOAA , USGS
  • Start Date
  • Purpose To provide technical assistance to
    enhance flood prediction and dissemination
    capacity.

24
Idaho Water Resources Research Institute (IWRRI)
Guatemala Flood Mitigation
  • Budget 100K in FY02
  • Partners USGS and US Army Corps of Engineers
  • Start Date March 2001 - September 2002
  • Purpose To develop long term management
    strategies by developing hydrologic models of the
    Villalobos River and Watershed to minimize
    impacts of future extreme flood events.
    Development of the models uses hydrologic,
    climatic, and landscape data of the region from
    1988 to 1998 (pre-Hurricane Mitch) to evaluate
    alternative management scenarios.

25
Bolivia Flood Mitigation
  • Budget 170k (FY02)
  • Partners CARE Bolivia
  • Start Date TBD
  • Purpose To mitigate future flood damage in the
    La Paz River basin. The project focuses on
    activities in Rio Abajo, a tributary to Rio La
    Paz where torrential rains in February, 2002
    generated a series of mortal consequences in the
    capital city and the communities located in the
    La Paz River basin.

26
Hydro-met Hazard Mitigation
  • Budget 117,500 (FY02)
  • Partners NOAA, USGS
  • Start Date ongoing
  • Purpose This program provides technical
    assistance for flood early warning, preparedness,
    response, and mitigation in Asia. It provides
    technical assistance to partners (like the Mekong
    River Commission) in developing monitoring and
    modeling systems taking advantage of satellite
    data, GIS, and hydrologic modeling, as well as
    short term assistance related to specific events.

27
Improving Capacity in GHG Inventories in Central
America
  • Budget
  • Partners USEPA, USAID, All Central American
    Inventory Teams
  • Start Date 2003
  • Purpose To build sustainable national inventory
    systems in each country and to increase the
    quality of GHG inventory data inputs, especially
    in LUCF, agricultural soils, landfill methane and
    enteric fermentation.

28
Adaptation to Climate Change in Hermosillo, Mexico
  • Budget 200k
  • Partners USEPA, INE, UNAM, Colegio de Sonora,
    local stakeholders
  • Start Date 2000
  • Purposes 1) Identify and evaluate adaptations to
    potential impacts on water resources 2)
    Identify, analyze and prioritize adaptation
    options and 3) Develop and apply a process for
    examining adaptation that could be applied
    elsewhere in Mexico.
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