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Title: Future%20Home

Future Home
  • Presented to the
  • Minnesota Futurists
  • July 25, 2009
  • by David Keenan

  • Motivation
  • Futurist Methodology
  • Energy
  • i-House
  • Appliances
  • Automated Homes for the Elderly
  • Summary
  • Discussion
  • Links

  • Family Meeting Contingency Planning for Mother
  • Our goal
  • The goal of this contingency planning is so the
    family can be prepared and communicate our
    concerns and questions to you and to get your
    input so that we can act according to your wishes
    in case an emergency event occurs. What can we
    do in the meantime to make you more comfortable
    and avoid preventable emergencies?
  • As children, our goal is to help Mom be safe, be
    healthy, and be happy.
  • Meeting guidelines
  • To be successful, we will be open, frank, have an
    honest exchange, and agree that this is a family
    confidential business to be safe-guarded
  • We also realize that a record of actions,
    decisions, and assignments that come from this
    meeting will be recorded so that all members will
    know what to do in the future.
  • We will try to be calm and open to all input from
    all family members.

  • Family Meeting Contingency Planning for Mother
  • Topics of Discussion
  • Financial Status
  • Income and current burn rate, impact of
    increasing expenses
  • Health Issues
  • Latest update
  • Emergency plan
  • Contingency plan for rapid decline
  • Medications Available, correctly dosed for daily
    use, guidelines
  • Exercise

  • Family Meeting Contingency Planning for Mother
  • Topics of Discussion continued
  • Safety Issues reducing personal risk
  • Driving Guidelines and Issues
  • Slips and falls rails and other handholds,
    non-slip steps
  • Lifeline consider subscription
  • Daily routine to support quality of life
  • Daily calls Reduce confusion, aid memory of
    appointments and events
  • Routine maintenance - managing services
  • Groceries / Meal prep / Nutrition
  • Hygiene supplies and issues
  • Best use of Home Care aide
  • What the Future holds
  • Future housing, transportation options
  • What can we do to help

Futurist Methodology
  • Possible Future
  • Probable Future
  • Preferable Future

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Consumers have heard for years that solar, wind,
    and geothermal power might soon cut their monthly
    energy bills. But things get exciting, even
    exotic, looking a decade or two ahead.
  • Scientists envision that light bulbs will talk to
    switches, furnaces to windows, and everything to
    the Internet. Homes generate their own power in
    basement plants. Windows and paint change color
    to harvest sunlight or reject it.

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • But it's one thing for scientists to talk game
    and another for builders and homeowners to play.
    Cutting home energy use means changing consumer
    behavior and industry practice.
  • "The construction trades are among the most
    conservative out there," says Leon Glicksman, a
    professor of building technology at the MIT. It's
    also a highly fragmented, diffuse industry of
    mostly small contractors installing separate
    systems in a home. One does heating, another
    lighting, a third the electrical system. There
    often is nobody who integrates the many systems
    with an eye to energy savings.

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • So as much as scientists like to talk whiz-bang
    for the future, what's also needed is training.
    "It'll be interesting to see 10 or 20 years from
    now how much progress is technology oriented and
    how much is education based," says Dariush
    Arasteh, who studies building technology at
    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
  • That said, promising new technologies are
    emerging in labs, and some in commercial
    buildings, that in a decade or two could win over
    even the most skeptical builders and homeowners.

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Tunable tints
  • In most U.S. climates, there is no easy answer
    when looking for energy-efficient windows.
    Today's panes tend to be specific to a type of
    weatherglass can be treated to reflect sunlight
    for warm-weather areas or not reflect it for
    colder climes. "If you're in St. Louis, you
    ideally want one in summer and another in
    winter," says Arasteh, whose lab studies window
    energy use.
  • Intense research is focusing on smarter windows
    that can change their coating on demand. A tint
    could block the sun in hot weather but fade on
    cold days to let in warm rays. Special
    "electrochromic" coatings darken when a small
    voltage is applied. A Minnesota company, Sage
    Electrochromics, already sells early versions
    that are used in some high-end homes, usually as

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Tunable tints continued
  • At current high prices, they make more economic
    sense for commercial buildings. Factories and
    offices could reduce daytime lighting costs with
    more windows but can't afford to let in the sun's
    heating rays. Homes tend to need more of their
    light at night and benefit less from natural
  • Still, commercial sales can help fine-tune
    production to get costs down. Then the entire
    window-producing industry must revamp itself for
    the new tech, an issue that has held up other
    energy-saving approaches, such as triple-pane
    windows. "It's like having a factory that's set
    up to make simple sandwiches," says Arasteh. "Now
    you're asking them to make club sandwiches. These
    changes take years."

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Smart homes
  • Existing home heating, cooling, and lighting
    systems could save energy with some new smarts.
    Lights typically don't know they can turn off or
    dim when the sun comes up, and air handlers
    continue blowing heated or cooled air at open
    windows. Simple networking that got all of them
    talking could wring out a third of energy use in
    a building, says Neil Gershenfeld, an MIT
    computer science professor "It's sort of an
    Internet of things.
  • Many companies have tried for the smart home.
    About 20 different families of gear already
    exist. But they're not made to work with one
    another, and none can expand to handle complex
    systems while being cheap enough to work with a
    simple light bulb. Gershenfeld's lab has
    developed a simple networking languagethink
    Morse codethat can turn a light bulb into a node
    on the Internet, sending and receiving data. The
    same code could control complicated heating and
    cooling systems that respond to outside
    temperature changes, or as people come and go.

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Smart homes continued
  • Prototypes already exist of hardware that a
    homeowner might install cheaply, even in an
    existing structure. One attraction "We don't
    have to rewire the whole building," says Charlie
    Catlett, chief information officer at Argonne
    National Laboratory, which is installing an early
    test of the system in one of its buildings. Plus,
    "these things are so cheap and small that we can
    actually think about putting them into things
    like chairs and light bulbs."

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Frozen smoke.
  • Nothing is weirder than the aerogel that might
    one day keep our homes comfy. One of the lightest
    solids known to man, the translucent and wispy
    material looks like a slice of solid smoke. It's
    about 99 percent gas trapped in nano-size bubbles
    within a lacelike material, and there is no
    better insulation for a given thickness. "The
    problem is that for now it's expensive as heck,"
    says Andre Desjarlais at the Oak Ridge National

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Frozen smoke continued
  • But breaking into the construction industry,
    which uses nearly two thirds of all insulation
    produced, is a priority for the few small
    companies commercially producing the ethereal
    stuff. "We're focused on those areas where space
    is at a premium," says Aspen Aerogels CEO Don
  • That means retrofitting existing structures,
    particularly older masonry walls with no hollows
    for stuffing conventional insulation. Public
    partners are helping to pay to install aerogel
    insulation in more than 250 New York City housing
    units as an early test. For now, though, aerogel
    will largely remain a tool for space agencies,
    the Pentagon, and oil companies that can pay the
    steep premium.

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Frozen smoke continued
  • Desjarlais's lab at Oak Ridge focuses on
    technology to secure the building "envelope" for
    energy efficiency. It includes a number of
    bizarre-sounding technologies, such as paint
    that's white one minute to reflect sunlight and
    later darkens to collect it. But nothing can top
    the weird nature of frozen smoke.

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Home hydrogen
  • Fuel cells have powered space flight for decades,
    and auto companies hope they'll soon be ready for
    cars. In a decade or two, they should be commonly
    available for the basement, says Tom Drennen, an
    associate professor at Hobart and William Smith
    Colleges and coauthor of Pathways to a Hydrogen
    Future. "There's a lot of efficiency in
    generating electricity where it is used," he
  • Fuel cells generate electricity through a
    chemical process that combines hydrogen and
    oxygen. When the inputs are pure, the only side
    products are water and heat in a process that's
    long been perfected. "What's not perfected is
    getting the fuel, the hydrogen, to them," says
    Branko Terzic, a Deloitte consultant on energy

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Home hydrogen continued
  • A few Japanese companies have installed
    experimental models in homes that run off natural
    gas. An added device strips hydrogen from the gas
    to fuel the cells, which generate electricity and
    hot water. A smaller slice of American homes have
    gas service, limiting that approach here.
    Converting natural gas also produces greenhouse
    gases. But the process is still less polluting
    than traditional electrical generation. "And
    nothing's wasted getting it to the home," Drennen

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Brighter bulbs
  • Here's a twist on the old joke In a few decades,
    nobody will know what it even means to change a
    light bulb. "The house will get torn down before
    a light bulb ever burns out," says Russell
    Dupuis, a professor at the Georgia Institute of
    Technology and fan of light-emitting diodes, or
  • The 130-year-old Edison bulbs will first get
    replaced in the home by compact fluorescents,
    which use about a third the energy and last years
    longer. Even more miserly LEDs are expected to
    later replace fluorescents. LEDs use about 12
    percent the energy of incandescents and can last
    50 years or more.

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Brighter bulbs continued
  • They've already become popular in some commercial
    settings, particularly where lights burn
    24-7such as the freezer at an all-night
  • Steep initial costs limit their appeal to U.S.
    homeowners. People just can't embrace spending
    120 or 130 on a bulb. While even that steep
    price can earn a payback in eight or 10 years,
    it's too long for the typically nomadic U.S.
    homeowner. Dupuis dreams that people soon will
    ask whether a prospective home has LED lights and
    will pay more for one that does. He shouldhe
    built a passel of them into his house.

5 Future Technologies That Will Slash Home
Energy Use
  • Video http//www.usnews.com/articles/business/tec

In this Oct. 28, 2008 image released by Clayton
Homes Inc., the new "i-house" is shown. The
solar-powered, energy efficient prefab house
features decks on the ground level and on the
roof of the detached "flex room." (AP
Photo/Clayton Homes)

  • From its bamboo floors to its rooftop deck,
    Clayton Homes' new industrial-chic "i-house" is
    about as far removed from a mobile home as an
    iPod from a record player.
  • Architects at the country's largest manufactured
    home company embraced the basic rectangular form
    of what began as housing on wheels and gave it a
    postmodern turn with a distinctive v-shaped
    roofline, energy efficiency and luxury
  • Stylistically, the "i-house" might be more at
    home in the pages of a cutting-edge architectural
    magazine like Dwell an inspirational source
    than among the Cape Cods and ranchers in the


Artist rendering provided by Clayton Homes Inc.
of Tennessee Floor plan
of its new solar-powered, energy efficient
"i-house". The prefab home can be altered, by the
buyer, in size and shape. In this example, the
core of the house has a second bedroom and has
been arranged in an "L" pattern with the separate
"flex room" off the deck. (AP Photo/Clayton Homes

  • The layout of the long main "core" house and a
    separate box-shaped guestroom-office "flex room"
    resemble the letter "i'' and its dot. Yet Clayton
    CEO and President Kevin Clayton said "i-house"
    stands for more than its footprint.
  • With a nod to the iPod and iPhone, Clayton said,
    "We love what it represents. We are fans of Apple
    and all that they have done. But the 'I' stands
    for innovation, inspiration, intelligence and
  • Clayton's "i-house" was conceived as a moderately
    priced "plug and play" dwelling for
    environmentally conscious homebuyers. It went on
    sale nationwide 2 May 2009 with its presentation
    at the annual shareholders' meeting of investor
    Warren Buffett's Berkshire-Hathaway Inc. in
    Omaha, Neb.


  • "This innovative 'green' home, featuring solar
    panels and numerous other energy-saving products,
    is truly a home of the future," Buffett wrote his
    shareholders. "Estimated costs for electricity
    and heating total only about 1 per day when the
    home is sited in an area like Omaha.
  • Maryville, Tenn.-based Clayton Homes, acquired by
    Berkshire-Hathaway in a 1.7 billion buyout in
    2003, delivered 27,499 mobile or manufactured
    homes last year, a third of the industry total.
    Kevin Clayton thinks the "i-house" very
    quickly could represent more than 10 of its
  • Clayton Homes plans to price the "i-house" at
    100 to 130 a square foot, depending on
    amenities and add-ons, such as additional
    bedrooms. A stick-built house with similar
    features could range from 200 to 300 a square
    foot to start, said Chris Nicely, Clayton
    marketing vice president.


  • The "i-house's" metal v-shaped roof inspired by
    a gas-station awning combines design with
    function. The roof provides a rain water
    catchment system for recycling, supports
    flush-mounted solar panels and vaults interior
    ceilings at each end to 10 1/2 feet for an added
    feeling of openness.
  • The Energy Star-rated design features heavy
    insulation, six-inch thick exterior walls, cement
    board and corrugated metal siding, energy
    efficient appliances, a tankless water heater,
    dual-flush toilets and lots of "low-e" glazed
  • The company said the prototype at roughly 52,000
    pounds may be the heaviest home it's ever built.


  • The key cost difference is from the savings
    Clayton achieves by building homes in volume in
    green standardized factories with very little
    waste. Clayton has 4 plants in OR, TN, CA and NM
    geared up for "i-house" production.
  • A 1,000 SF prototype unveiled at a Clayton show
    in Knoxville was priced at around 140,000. It
    came furnished, with a master bedroom, full bath,
    open kitchen and living room with Ikea cabinetry,
    two ground-level deck areas and a separate "flex
    room" with a second full bath and a second-story
    deck covered by a sail-like canopy.


  • "It does not look like your typical manufactured
    home," said Thayer Long with the Manufactured
    Housing Institute, a Washington-based group
    representing 370 manufactured and modular
    home-building companies.
  • And shattering those mobile home stereotypes is a
    good thing, he said. "I think the 'i-house' is
    just more proof that the industry is capable of
    delivering homes that are highly customizable at
    an affordable price.
  • Video Tour
  • Clayton Homes "i-house" tour.


Future Home Appliances
  • Beautiful and Elegant Vera Kettle by Bugatti
  • VERA is an electronically controlled concept
    kettle design which brings together technology
    and elegance.
  • Achieves required temperature and ensures
    optimal and uniform heating for of each hot
    beverage. The touch buttons along with the
    display screen is embedded in the handle and the
    360o base ensure easy operating.
  • The combination of latest technological
    developments and the stylish conical shape
    provides high thermal efficiency to significantly
    reduce energy consumption.
  • VERA is available in different colors.

Designer Andreas Seegatz
Future Home Appliances
  • Rolly Cook Portable Oven Concept
  • Medical researches have shown that burnt food is
    always harmful for human body and are linked
    with the expansion of cancer cells.
  • So, in order to keep your food unburned, you need
    to swirl it regularly.
  • Rolly Cook is a portable oven concept that can
    efficiently do this. This handy tool reduces
    the risk of burning your food in an innovative
    and well-designed way. It includes a central
    mechanism that spins two cylindrical containers
    on both sides. This continuous movement of the
    containers averts the risk of food burning.

Future Home Appliances
  • Rolly Cook Portable Oven Concept

Designer Jin-Young Lee
Future Home Appliances
  • Portable Iron with Two Heating Plates
  • Features a rail mechanism that allows the user to
    transform the smart box easily into an iron.
  • Not intended for massive number of clothes, this
    will useful when you are on a trip.
  • This iron includes two heating plates placed one
    on another with a spring between them. This two
    plate design will allow easier ironing of the
    collar by simply putting it between them and
    gently heating.
  • This iron can be operated on standard electrical
    power when you need full heating power.
    Additionally, it works also on battery when you
    are roaming.

Designer Apostol Tnokovski
Future Home Appliances
  • Modular Recycle Bin
  • Designed in a traditional and simple shape, it
    offers the user a wide range of functions.
  • Recycled materials have been used to produce the
    bin and the most wonderful feature is its three
    adjustable interior compartments.
  • These are made of plastic, glass and tin, and
    acts like a water bladder that can change size
    according to the inserted items in the individual
  • Other noteworthy features are large wheels,
    extendable handles, step-to-open lid, interior
    rinse function, extendable interior space and
    fourth slot for recycling cardboard.

Designer Dave Strydom
Future Home Appliances
  • aXbo Sleep Phase Alarm Clock
  • The aXbo sleep phase alarm clock gives the user
    the feeling of having woken up all by himself.
  • Crucial for its functional design were the latest
    findings in sleep research. Studies show that we
    pass through several sleep phases each night,
    alternating between deep sleep, light sleep and
    dream phases.
  • Each of these phases is characterized by
    different body motions. The sleep phase alarm
    clock uses the activity that occurs in each of
    these phases.
  • A motion detection system has been integrated
    into a comfy terry-cloth wristband, memorizing
    all physical motions and transmitting them to the
    alarm clock. The aXbo registers which sleep phase
    the user is in at any time, and calculates the
    optimal wake-up moment within 30 minutes of the
    desired wake-up time. This turns waking up into a
    gentle experience makes for a smooth and relaxed
    start to the day.

Designer Rouven Haas
Caregiver Internet Monitoring Camera System
  • Monitor your loved one LIVE over the internet.
    See what is going on at their home.
    24 hrs/dy.
  • You can do a lot to keep your elderly loved
    one at home instead of a nursing
    home. We all know that
    mentally and physically they are
    better off at home.
  • Provide them with tools that help them be
    independent including many home automation
    products like motion activated faucets,
    talking caller id boxes, voice activated products
    and more.
  • One of the most important ideas is to install a
    LIVE video monitoring system in their home. This
    will give them the security of knowing that
    someone is looking out for them. This will also
    give you the comfort and security to know exactly
    who was there. How they treated your loved one
    and ensure that your loved one is ok.

Caregiver Internet Monitoring Camera System
  • This system from Assistive Technology Services a
    pan and tilt camera can be installed in the most
    suitable location to monitor your loved one at
    the most critical areas of the home where
    accidents may occur the most. More cameras can be
    installed if the area is large.
  • The system will automatically take snapshots from
    5 second intervals and up. You can then review
    all these snapshots from any web browser. You can
    also connect and view LIVE video 24 hours a day
  • The great thing is that this can be done by the
    entire family. As many people can attach at the
    same time as you give security access.
  • This system saves those trips to 'check-up' on
    them and provides a great feeling of comfort to
    both you and your loved one.

Automated Homes for the Elderly
  • Eaton Holecs Xanura home automation system
  • Until now home automation appliances and
    equipment have been mainly geared to making life
    easier and more convenient. By contrast the
    Xanura care concept places emphasis on safety
    features as it largely addresses the needs of the
    elderly, be they living alone or as a couple and
    leading quite independent lives in a house or

Automated Homes for the Elderly
  • Eaton Holecs Xanura home automation system
  • All lights are switched on if the resident or the
    system triggers an alarm.
  • Certain, non-essential electrical equipment and
    all equipment that produces sound (radio, TV,
    etc.) is automatically switched off when an alarm
    is given.
  • The social services care control can remotely let
    the dedicated/specified care giver into the home.
  • Activity tracking is continuous, so that were the
    resident to have been inactive (ie. not pressed a
    button or passed a movement sensor) for a given
    time period, an alarm is automatically set off.
  • When the resident gets out of bed during the
    night, a passageway to the bathroom is
    automatically lit.
  • The home can be set to day or night mode from the
  • The home can be set to at home or out mode at
    the front door.
  • It incorporates both automated fire alarm and
    intruder reporting systems.
  • All kitchen equipment is automatically switched
    on or off.

Automated Homes for the Elderly
  • The personal alarm unit is located in the living
    room (in this example, it is the unit located in
    front of the TV on the right).
  • The resident can set off a social services alarm
    himself or herself, when he or she feels unwell
    for example, by pressing the red button of the
    transponder. It can be worn on the wrist or neck.

Automated Homes for the Elderly
  • There is a fall line in the bathroom. This sets
    off an alarm to the social services center when

Automated Homes for the Elderly
  • Voice activation

  • Motivated by elderly parent, I chose to explore
    latest, near and further future home design and
    product ideas.
  • I hope this has provided some useful insight and
    creative thinking.

  • Futurist Methodology
  • Possible Future
  • Probable Future
  • Preferable Future

  • Home Automation/Environmental Control/Electronic
    Aids for Daily Living (EADL) http//www.makoa.org/
  • Home Automation http//home-automation.org/
  • Assistive Technology Services http//assistivetech
  • and http//assistivetechnologyservices.com/Caregiv
  • Xanura website www.xanura.nl
  • Xanura demo home with internet access
  • Other links included in preceding slides
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