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Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion Training

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Title: Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion Training


1
Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion Training

Practicalities
2
Selected Church Documents
  • General Instruction of the Roman Missal (GIRM)
  • Redemptionis Sacramentum
  • Instruction On Certain Questions regarding The
    Collaboration of the Non-Ordained faithful in the
    Sacred Ministry of Priest.

3
General Instruction of the Roman Missal (GIRM)
  • Published 2005
  • Approved by Rome
  • Recommended reading

4
  • 1970 editio typica latina
  • 1975 editio typica altera
  • 2000 editio typica tertia

5
Adaptation of the Missale Romanum
1. Translation ICEL and Liturgiam
authenticam 2. Appendix for the Ireland 3.
Norms for Holy Communion
under Both Kinds
6
GIRM - General principles
  • In every celebration of the Eucharist, there
    should be a sufficient number of ministers of
    Holy Communion so that it may be distributed in a
    reverent and orderly manner. Bishops, priests and
    deacons distribute Holy Communion in virtue of
    their office as ordinary ministers of the Body
    and Blood of the Lord.
  • (Cf. GIRM, no. 108.)

7
GIRM - General principles
  • If such ordinary ministers of Holy Communion are
    not present, "the priest may call upon
    extraordinary ministers to assist him, i.e., duly
    instituted acolytes or even other faithful who
    have been deputed for this purpose. In case of
    necessity, the priest may also depute suitable
    faithful for this single occasion (GIRM 162).

8
GIRM - General principles
  • Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion should
    receive sufficient spiritual, theological, and
    practical preparation to fulfil their role with
    knowledge and reverence.

9
GIRM - General principles
  • All ministers of Holy Communion should show the
    greatest reverence for the Most Holy Eucharist by
    their demeanour, their attire, and the manner in
    which they handle the consecrated bread or wine.

10
Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • If extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion are
    required by pastoral need, they approach the
    altar as the priest receives Communion. After the
    priest has concluded his own Communion, he
    distributes Communion to the extraordinary
    ministers, assisted by the deacon, and then hands
    the sacred vessels to them for distribution of
    Holy Communion to the people.

11
Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • Neither deacons nor lay ministers may ever
    receive Holy Communion in the manner of a
    concelebrating priest.
  • The practice of Extraordinary Ministers of Holy
    Communion waiting to receive Holy Communion until
    after the distribution of Holy Communion is not
    in accord with liturgical law. (GIRM, 160).

12
Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • After all Extraordinary Ministers of Holy
    Communion have received the Eucharist, the bishop
    or priest celebrant reverently hands vessels
    containing the Body or the Blood of the Lord to
    the deacons or extraordinary ministers who will
    assist with the distribution of Holy Communion.
    The deacon may assist the priest in handing the
    vessels containing the Body and Blood of the Lord
    to the Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion.

13
Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • The proper and only permissible form for
    distributing Holy Communion is to offer the
    consecrated bread by saying, "The Body of Christ"
    and to offer the consecrated wine by saying, "The
    Blood of Christ." No other words or names should
    be added and the formula should not be edited in
    any way. (Cf. GIRM, 161 284-287).

14
The Reception of Communion
  • Those who receive Communion may receive either in
    the hand or on the tongue, and the decision
    should be that of the individual receiving, not
    of the person distributing Communion.
  • They may receive standing of kneeling.

15
Reception of Holy Communion
  • When one receives from the chalice, the same
    proclamation is made by the person distributing
    Communion and the Communicant again responds
    'Amen.' It should be noted that it is never
    permissible for a person to dip the host he or
    she has received into the chalice. If, for some
    reason, the communicant is not able or willing to
    drink from the cup then that person should
    receive only under the form of bread.

16
Redemptionis Sacramentum
  • It is the right of all Christs faithful that
    the Liturgy, and in particular the celebration of
    Holy Mass, should truly be as the Church wishes.
  • -RS 12

17
What is liturgical abuse?
  • Something that would contribute to the obscuring
    of the Catholic faith and doctrine concerning
    this wonderful sacrament.
  • Redemptionis Sacramentum 6

18
  • To evangelise the world there is need of
    apostles who are experts in the celebration,
    adoration and contemplation of the Eucharist.
  • Eucharist and Mission - Message for World Mission
    Sunday 2004

19
  • It is not in herselfbut in us that the Church
    is injured. Let us take care so that our own
    failure may not cause injury to the Church
  • De Virginitate
  • Saint Ambrose

20
Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion
  • The name minister of the Eucharist belongs
    properly to the Priest alone. By reason of their
    sacred Ordination, the ordinary ministers of Holy
    Communion are the Bishop, the Priest and the
    Deacon.154
  • In addition there is the instituted acolyte, who
    by virtue of his institution is an extraordinary
    minister of Holy Communion even outside the
    celebration of Mass.

21
  • If, reasons of real necessity prompt it, another
    lay person may be delegated by the diocesan
    Bishop, for one occasion or for a specified time.
  • Finally, in special cases of an unforeseen
    nature, permission can be given for a single
    occasion by the Priest who presides at the
    celebration of the Eucharist. 155
  • This function is to be understood according to
    the name by which it is known extraordinary
    minister of Holy Communion, and not special
    minister of Holy Communion extraordinary
    minister of the Eucharist nor special minister
    of the Eucharist. 156

22
Instruction On Certain Questions
  • Extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion are
    those instituted as acolytes and the faithful so
    deputed in accordance with Canon 230, 3.

23
  • 2. Extraordinary ministers may distribute Holy
    Communion at eucharistic celebrations only when
    there are no ordained ministers present or when
    those ordained ministers present at a liturgical
    celebration are truly unable to distribute Holy
    Communion.
  • They may also exercise this function at
    eucharistic celebrations where there are
    particularly large numbers of the faithful and
    which would be excessively prolonged because of
    an insufficient number of ordained ministers to
    distribute Holy Communion.

24
  • To avoid creating confusion, certain practices
    are to be avoided and eliminated where such have
    emerged in particular Churches
  • extraordinary ministers receiving Holy Communion
    apart from the other faithful as though
    concelebrants
  • association with the renewal of promises made by
    priests at the Chrism Mass on Holy Thursday, as
    well as other categories of faithful who renew
    religious vows or receive a mandate as
    extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion
  • the habitual use of extraordinary ministers of
    Holy Communion at Mass thus arbitrarily extending
    the concept of "a great number of the faithful".

25
The Apostolate to the Sick
  • It must also be affirmed that the reservation of
    the ministry of Anointing to the priest is
    related to the connection of this sacrament to
    the forgiveness of sin and the worthy reception
    of the Holy Eucharist. No other person may act as
    ordinary or extraordinary minister of the
    sacrament since such constitutes simulation of
    the sacrament.
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