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PSYC 2314 Lifespan Development

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Age-related differences in the conceptualization of death: ... Buddhists: disease and death are among life's inevitable sufferings ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PSYC 2314 Lifespan Development


1
PSYC 2314Lifespan Development
  • Epilogue
  • Death and Dying

2
The Dying Persons Emotions
  • Kubler-Rosss Stages of Dying
  • Denial
  • Anger
  • Bargaining
  • Depression
  • Acceptance

3
The Dying Persons Emotions
  • Age-related differences in the conceptualization
    of death
  • Young children upset because it suggests the
    idea of being separated from loved ones.
  • Adolescents primarily concerned with the effect
    of their condition on their appearance and social
    relationships.

4
The Dying Persons Emotions
  • Young Adult coping with dying often produces
    rage and depression.
  • Middle-Aged Adult primarily concerned about
    meeting important obligations and
    responsibilities
  • Older Adult depend more on the situation.

5
Deciding How to Die
  • Steps for a Good Deathone that occurs swiftly,
    with little pain, and allows the individual to
    die with dignity, surrounded by loved ones.
  • Living will
  • Proxy

6
Palliative Care
  • DNR (do not resuscitate)
  • Double Effect a situation in which medication
    relieves pain and hastens death
  • Generally, few doctors and nurses are trained to
    handle the psychological demands of palliative
    care.

7
Hospice
  • Advantages
  • Respects patients dignity, allowing them to have
    visitors at any time.
  • The continual presence of a close friend or
    family member cushions the patient against fear
    and loneliness of impending death.
  • When death does occur, the staff continues to
    minister to the psychological and other needs of
    the patients family.

8
Hospice
  • Disadvantages
  • Legal and ethical questions surrounding the
    wisdom of a patients accepting a death sentence,
    perhaps prematurely, and simply waiting to die.
  • Patients must be terminally ill its restricted
    to a minority of the dying.
  • Program may grow so rapidly that it outstrips
    available well-trained personnel. Potential
    burnout of both professionals and volunteers.

9
Deciding How to Die
  • Physician-assisted suicide someone provides the
    means for a person to end his or her life
  • Voluntary euthanasia someone intentionally acts
    to terminate the life of a suffering person.

10
Social Context of Dying
  • Religious Variations
  • Buddhists disease and death are among lifes
    inevitable sufferings
  • Hindus and Sikhs helping the dying to relinquish
    their ties to this world and prepare for the next
    is considered an obligation for the immediate
    family.
  • Jewish preparations for death are not
    emphasized because hope for life will never be
    extinguished.
  • Christians death is the beginning of eternity
    in heaven or hell, and thus welcome or fear it.

11
Social Context of Dying
  • Cultural Variations
  • African traditions elders take on an important
    new status through death
  • Muslim nations death affirms faith in Allah and
    caring for the dying is a holy reminder of
    mortality.

12
Social Context of Dying
  • Two themes that emerge in cultural variations of
    death practices are
  • Religious and spiritual concerns often reemerge
  • Returning to ones roots is a common urge.

13
Social Context of Dying
  • Mourning Process
  • More private, less emotional, and less religious.
  • Small memorial services or cremations have
    generally replaced large funeral.
  • Bereavement
  • Much-needed support of friends and family has
    essentially given way to well-meaning advice that
    counsels indulging in everything except feelings
    of grief.

14
Social Context of Dying
  • Steps to help someone recover from bereavement
  • Listens
  • Sympathizes
  • Not ignore the real pain and complicated emotions
    involved in the recovery process
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