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Globalization, Diversity and Higher Education

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Title: Globalization, Diversity and Higher Education


1
Globalization, Diversity and Higher Education
Anantha S. Babbili College of Mass
Communication SHOWCASE SERIES Learning, Teaching
Innovative Technologies Center Middle Tennessee
State University February 22, 2007
2
What we will do in this session
  • Intended to be engaging interactive
  • Examine boundaries of Globalization
  • Analyze changing realities in
  • American Diversity
  • Probe prospects for cultural competence in
  • Learning
  • Teaching
  • Innovative uses of technology

3
GlobalizationContents Discontents
  • The World Outside Pictures
  • in our Heads
  • The World Inside Pictures
  • in our Heads

4
Globalization
  • Elusive Definitions
  • Multi-layered Phenomena
  • Oppositional Views of
  • History
  • Ideologies
  • Economics
  • Cultural Imagination

5
Snapshot History of Globalization
  • Philosophical/Theological Study
  • Expansionist Regimes
  • Manifest doctrines
  • Trade and Markets
  • Loss of indigenous narratives

6
Globalization Now
  • U.S. View of the World
  • Tourism
  • Missionary
  • Business Intelligence
  • Ideological Struggles
  • Scholarly Intelligence

7
Constructions of Globalizationand the Flow of
InformationRepresentation versusSelf-Represent
ation
Knowledge and New Technologies
8
Old Patterns New Information
TechnologyColonization and theMonopoly of
KnowledgeCentralization of Power
Orientalist Discourses in Globalization
9
DiversityStretching our Imagination
  • Cultural meaning of Diaspora --
  • the new immigrants in the U.S.
  • Understand the invisible diversity --
  • of ethnic groups within the U.S.

10
Understanding Diversity
  • Total Hispanic population in the U.S. is 41.3
    million (as of June 2005)
  • 28.4 million immigrants now live in the U.S. --
    the largest number ever recorded
  • in history.

11
Understanding Diversity
  • Immigrants now comprise 12.8 of the nations
    workforce
  • 7 million unauthorized immigrants
  • Politics closely linked to religious beliefs
  • Immigrant voters divided on issues like abortion,
    gay rights, gender roles and religion in public
    life

12
Top ten counties in Tennessee with Hispanic
population Projections
County 2000 2005 2010 Davidson 26,091 37,796
50,397 Shelby 23,364 34,696 46,594 Montgomery
6,960 8,306 9,653 Hamilton 5,481
6,706 7,621 Rutherford 5,065 7,409
9,873 Knox 4,803 6,191 7,594 Hamblen
3,299 4,866 6,460 Williamson 3,197 4,601
6,084 Bedford 2,811 4,418
6,163 Sumner 2,291 3,321 4,448
13
Profile of Muslims in the U.S.
  • Ethnic Origins of the Muslim Community
  • Middle East 26.2
  • South Asia 24.7
  • African American 23.8
  • Middle East (not Arab) 10.3
  • Other 11.6
  • East Asia 6.4

14
Profile of Muslims in the U.S.
  • Regional Distribution
  • East Coast 32.2
  • South 25.3
  • Central/Great Lakes Region 24.3
  • West 18.2

15
Profile of Muslims in the U.S.
  • There are 1,209 mosques in U.S.
  • 3,000 informal places of prayer and congregation
    on Fridays
  • Mosques are the main social unit of Muslims.
  • Majority of mosques are run by doctors, engineers
    and businessmen.
  • 1200 Muslims in custody today

16
Profile of Muslims in the U.S.
  • Vocations and Income
  • 1/3 of the Muslims are in engineering and
    medicine.
  • Average income for Muslims is higher than the
    U.S. national average.

17
Profile of Muslims in the U.S.
Political Party Preference Democrats
46 Republican 15.8 Independent 26.4 Other
(party) 11.9
18
Profile of Muslims in the U.S.
  • 80,000 of Americas Muslims are of European
    origin.
  • 10,000 Muslims serving in the U.S. military.

19
Arab Americans in the U.S.
Ancestry group Number Percentage Lebanese 408,8
51 40.5 Syrian 189,532 18.8 Egyptians 93,854
9.3 Palestinians 48,480 4.8 Moroccan 31,565
3.1 Iraqi 29,115 2.9 Jordanian 23,423 2.3
All other Arabs 185,537 18.4
20
Arab American in the U.S.
  • Arab Americans now number more than 3 million,
    Muslims roughly 6 million (though estimates range
    from 3 million to 10 million.)
  • Source Shibley Telhami, Brookings Review,
    Winter 2002, v20 p14(2) Arab and Muslim America
    A Snap Shot.

21
Diversity the New American
  • 35.2 m New Americans-- the largest number ever
    recorded in the U.S. history
  • New Americans now 14.7 of the
  • U.S. population

22
Asian AmericansPolitical profile
Registered Voters Japanese 88.0 Filipino
85.8 Chinese 84.3 Asian Indians
82.5 Koreans 67.1
23
Political Inclinations of Asian Americans
Asian Americans Democrats Republican Ind. Asian
Indians 52.5 23.8 20.0 Chinese 26.95 27.7 27
.7 Filipino 35.8 23.3 22.5 Japanese 35.0 41
.8 19.0 Korean 30.0 41.8 19.0
24
Total Population of Religious Ethnic Groups in
the U.S.
Adherent Population of total pop.
(in numbers)
Nonreligious 24.5 m
8.8 Jewish 5.5 m
2.0 Muslims 3.95 m
1.4 Buddhists 2.0 m
0.7 African American Muslims 1.65 m
0.6 Hindus 1.1 m
0.3 Atheists 1.3 m
0.3 Bahais
750,000 0.3 New Religionists
95,968 0.2 Tribal
Religionists 350,000
0.1 Sikhs 220,000 0.1 Chinese Folk
70,000 0.0 Other Religionists
1.11 m 0.4
25
1 in every 5 Americans speak language other than
English
  • 47 m. use language other than English
  • Spanish 28.1 million
  • Chinese 2 million
  • French 1.6 million
  • German 1.4 million
  • Tagalog 1.2 million
  • (Native language of Philippines)
  • 2000 U.S. census data

26
Tennessee as a Case Study Top home countries of
foreign-born population
  • Mexico
  • Germany
  • India
  • Canada
  • United Kingdom
  • China/Hong Kong/Taiwan
  • SourceThe Tennessean

27
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28
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29
Information Literacy Higher Education?
  • Critical Thinking Skills (to judge content)
  • Understanding how Information comes to be
  • Knowledge of IT consequences/impact
  • Strategies to analyze messages
  • Messages as cultural texts
  • Becoming aware of the global/local intersections
  • Technological fluency

30
Cultural Competence Information Technology
Three Spheres of Information Literacy 1.
Information Retrieval/ Gathering Storage 2.
Information Processing 3. Information
Dissemination
31
IT Pedagogical Toolsfor Cultural Learning
Instruction
  • Global Emailing
  • Instant Messaging
  • Skype (Voice)
  • Video Conferencing
  • Virtual Field Trips
  • Augmented /Virtual Realities
  • Digital Games for Foreign Language Acquisition
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