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The Present Simple

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He drinks tea at breakfast -She only eats fish. -They watch television regularly ... 'What time do you get up?' - 'When do your brothers go to bed? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Present Simple


1
English Practicing
2
THE
TENSES
3
The Present Simple
By
Hossen Aoynat Yosef Slman
Amran Shemaly
4
The Usages of the Present Simple
USE 1 Repeated Actions   
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations    
5
Use 1
USE 1 Repeated Actions   
Use the Present Simple to express the idea that
an action is repeated or usual. The action can be
a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled
event or something that often happens. It can
also be something a person often forgets or
usually does not do.
6
Examples
Subject (Verb) (s, es) Object
play
- I tennis. - She play
tennis. - The train every morning at
8 am. - The train leave at 9am.
does not
leaves
does not
7
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations     
The Present Simple can also indicate the speaker
believes that a fact was true before, is true
now, and will be true in the future. It is not
important if the speaker is correct about the
fact. It is also used to make generalizations
about people or things.
8
Examples
Subject (Verb) (s, es) Object
like
- Cats milk.- Birds like
milk. - Windows made of glass.-
Windows made of wood.
do not
are
are not
9
Grammatical View
Present Simple, third person singular
Note
he, she, it
s
in the third person singular the verb,
always ends in
A
s
s
she need
he want
10
es
Add
to verbs ending in
B.
ss
sh
x
es
es
es
he pass
he fix
it push
o
ch
es
es
she catch
He go
11
y
ies
y
Verbs ending in
the third person changes the
to
C
fly
fl
cry
cr
ies
ies
Exception
y
If there is a vowel before the
play
s
play
pray
s
pray
12
 Negative and question forms use DOES (the
third person of the auxiliary'DO') the
infinitive of the verb.He wants. Does he want?
He does not want.
13
Examples
. 1.Third person singular with s or esa. He
goes to school every morning.b. She understands
English.c. It mixes the sand and the water.d.
He tries very hard.e. She enjoys playing the
piano.
14
2. Present Simple, form Example to think,
present simple
15
The present simple is used
A.to express habits, general truths, repeated
actions or unchanging situations, emotions and
wishes
I smoke (habit) I work in London (unchanging
situation) London is a large city (general
truth).
.
-He drinks tea at breakfast
-She only eats fish.
-They watch television regularly
16
B. to give instructions or directions
 You walk for two hundred metres, then you turn
left.

 -You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the
No.10 to Bedford.
-Open the packet and pour the contents into hot
water.
17
c. to express fixed arrangements, present or
future
-Your exam starts at 0900.
-The bell rings at 800.
The bus arrives at 700
18
D.to express future time, after some
conjunctions after, when, before, as soon as,
until
-He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday
-His mother arrives tomorrow.
 -Our holiday starts on the 26th March.
-She'll see you before she leaves.
19
Time expressions
There are time expressions that we use only with
the Present Simple and they are
1.Every day, every Friday, every week, every
month, every summer, every month, every year,
always, usually, etc. . 2.All the time
I go to school every day.
He visits me, every summer.
20
Activities
1. Ask your friends questions about what they do
at different times. Also ask about their
families.- "What time do you get up?" - "When do
your brothers go to bed?"Write down the
questions and give them to your teacher for
checking.
21
Write the questions for the following answers.
(Present Simple)
.                 ?_______________________________
___1. I work in a bank.
?_____________________________________2. My
brother is an engineer.
3.___________________________________? He lives
in an apartment building.
22
. Put in do/don't/does/doesn't
1.Excuse me, _____________ you speak English?
.                .Where's Ann? I _____________
know.2
George is a good tennis player but he ___________
play very often.3
23
The End
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