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GREEN CITIES

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In 2000, a handful of Danish municipalities. joined forces on how to solve day to day environmental tasks. ... The Citizen Climate Ambassador scheme. Village projects ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GREEN CITIES


1
GREEN CITIES
  • AN ENVIRONMENTAL PARTNERSHIP

2
  • In 2000, a handful of Danish municipalities
  • joined forces on how to solve day to day
    environmental tasks.
  • The Green Cities partnership came into existence
    - now with
  • eight municipalities as members.

3
Cooperation commitment
  • Being a Green Cities municipality means showing
    commitment.
  • We set high standards and subject our work to
  • an official audit every year.

4
Environmental cooperation commitment
  • The Green Cities framework has been set up in a
    common agreement,
  • which includes 10 sustainability areas and 16
    common benchmarks for
  • how to fulfill the goals.

5
Payment
  • Green Cities municipalities pay an annual fee to
    keep the wheels going .
  • These payment are used for working group
    activities, conferences,
  • newsletters, website maintenance and further
    information.

6
Organization
  • We work in three levels
  • The Steering Committee is our primary body. This
    is where
  • political, organisational and financial
    decisions regarding
  • the Green Cities partnership are being made
  • The Directors Group monitors all cases
  • that are considered at Green Cities level

7
The Working Groups
  • We have six working groups on
  • Chemicals
  • Climate
  • Nature
  • Organic food
  • Sustainable construction
  • Sustainable purchasing

8
EU projects
  • In 2004 the partnership received a contribution
  • from the EU Life-programme, worth DKK 7.5 mill.
  • The grant was used for supporting and developing
    the partnership,
  • based on the Environmental Management at City
    Level theme.

9
Carbon Network - a climate project
  • In 2009 Green Cities has, together with the
    Danish Association of
  • Local Government, applied the EU for a
    contribution to the Carbon
  • Network a project that seeks to optimize
    climate effort towards
  • energy-consuming industries in the seven member
    municipalities.

10
GREEN CITIES
  • Climate vision

11
Green Cities climate vision
  • Energy consumption should be CO2 neutral.
  • Joint climate benchmarks
  • To reduce CO2 emissions by 25 before 2015
  • compared to 2006 figures.
  • All municipalities will draw up climate plans
    which describe
  • how this benchmark will be met.

12
The Municipal Enterprise
  • The municipalities are setting good examples by
    implementing climate
  • initiatives in a number of areas within their own
    enterprise organisation
  • Purchasing of sustainable (green) electricity
  • Sustainable purchasing (green) policies
  • Sustainable renovation and refitting of existing
    buildings
  • Sustainable construction of new buildings
  • Environmental certification of the entire
    municipal enterprise

13
Encouraging renewables
  • The municipalities are encouraging the use of
    renewables
  • both when planning, when cooperating with other
    parties,
  • and in the projects they participate in
  • District heating from refuse combustion
  • Biofuels
  • Sustainable (green) electricity
  • Solar and wind energy

14
Traffic
  • The municipalities want to create
  • sustainable alternatives to car traffic by
  • Improving cycle conditions and conditions for
    public transportation
  • Providing of Mobility Management
  • Establishing a framework for using electric and
    hydrogen cars

15
Companies
  • The municipalities want to motivate private
    sector companies to reduce
  • their energy consumption. One of their
    approaches is climate networks
  • for companies who want to reduce their climate
    impact. These networks
  • offer various benefits, such as free energy
    counselling, expert presen-
  • tations and workshops, and focus groups,
    comprising participants
  • from the business community, different
    associations and
  • citizen representatives.

16
Citizens
  • The municipalities want to encourage sustainable
    citizen behaviour
  • and choices, and they want to provide a proper
    framework for this.
  • Some of their approaches are
  • Citizen projects
  • The Citizen Climate Ambassador scheme
  • Village projects
  • Involving children and offering education

17
GREEN CITIES
  • Environmental Management

18
Environmental Management
  • Municipal environmental management ensures that
    the environment
  • and the climate are included in all processes, at
    all levels.
  • The Green Cities target is to ensure that all
    institutions and
  • civil services are environmentally certified and
    are operating
  • in accordance with environmental management
    principles by 2015.

19
Environmental Management puts environmental work
into system
  • The municipality will set up a detailed scheme
    for including
  • environmental and climate considerations in all
    activities.
  • All civil services and institutions will set up
    an environmental
  • policy and work out targets and action plans.
  • The municipalities will follow up on the
    continuous progress
  • to ensure a reduction of the municipal
    environmental impact.

20
The environment will become part of each
employees normal workday
  • All employees are encouraged to help achieve the
    environmental
  • benchmarks, for instance by
  • Making sure that municipal purchasers are
    considering
  • environmental aspects before they decide on
    their purchases
  • Making sure that everyone reduces their
    consumption of electricity,
  • heating, and water, and that everyone are aware
    of
  • how to sort their waste correctly

21
Benchmarks and communication
  • Sustainable renovation and refitting of childcare
    premises
  • Establishing organically driven childrens
    vegetable patches
  • Shifting to serving organic food in residential
    homes

All institutions must have some kind of
environmental benchmark, like Each
municipality should ensure continuous
communication with the employees about the
progress of environmental efforts.
22
The first municipalities in the world to receive
environmental certification
  • In 2007, the municipality of Albertslund was the
    first municipality
  • to become 100 EMAS environmentally certified in
    Europe.
  • The municipalities of Ballerup, Copenhagen,
    Herning and Kolding
  • operate according to environmental management
    principles
  • in parts of the municipal sector.
  • Albertslund has gained valuable experience from
    working full scale
  • within the environmental management system. The
    other Green Cities
  • municipalities now benefit from their knowledge.

23
GREEN CITIES
  • The Nature

24
Green Cities nature visions and benchmarks
Climate changes and human activities take their
toll on nature, and it is therefore important to
set targets and start initiatives to preserve
biological diversification.
  • The vision
  • To maintain abundant opportunities for adventure
  • in a biologically diversified natural
    environment,
  • cultivated in accordance with ecological
    principles
  • Joint benchmarks
  • To have stopped the loss of biological diversity
    by 2010, and
  • to have increased the number of species by 2015
  • To run municipal agricultural areas in accordance
    with ecological principles

25
Increased biological diversity
  • Larger natural areas will increase the number of
    species
  • Diversified landscape and natural habitats will
    increase
  • the number of species
  • Improved transitions between different nature
    areas will provide
  • better opportunities for more species to
    spread and find safe habitats
  • Improved transitions between different nature
    areas will provide better
  • opportunities for more species to spread and
    find safe habitats
  • A focussed improvement of nature areas will
    ensure the survival of
  • vulnerable and threatened species

26
Sustainable nature from cities to open country
  • Urban green areas should provide biodiversity
  • and recreative opportunities
  • Urban green areas should merge into nature areas
    beyond
  • the city limits for the benefit of people,
    plants and animals

27
Planning, communicating and cooperating
  • Our employees plan the maintenance and
    preservation
  • of nature areas in the municipality. They also
    make it possible
  • for citizens to use the areas for recreation and
    various activities
  • Nature schools and nature interpreters
    communicate knowledge
  • and understanding of ecological environments to
    all ages
  • Citizens and landowners will be included in
    eco-policy
  • discussions and planning to encourage their
    sense of responsibility
  • towards initiatives and solutions

28
GREEN CITIES
  • Green purchasing

29
Green Cities encourage green purchasing
  • Green purchasing encourages sustainable
    production
  • and consumption. Green Cities will therefore
    establish
  • green purchasing policies which include detailed
  • environmental benchmarks.
  • Public purchases amount to 10-20 of the GDP, so
    it makes
  • a difference when municipalities demand that the
    products
  • and services they buy are environmentally
    sustainable.

30
Toolbox for green purchasing
  • Green Cities are preparing a toolbox to assist in
    green purchasing.
  • The toolbox will contain
  • A description of green purchases in the Green
    Cities municipalities
  • Definitions of purchasing concepts
  • Overview of environmental requirements
  • and criteria, nationally and at EU-levels.
  • Joint Green Cities environmental requirements and
    criteria for selected products.

31
Green Cities benchmarks for green purchasing
  • Joint Green Cities environmental requirements and
    criteria
  • must support the other joint benchmarks
  • Chemicals - products must be free from hazardous
    chemicals
  • CO2 - special requirements to production,
  • energy consumption and transportation of the
    products
  • Organic food - all food must be organic
  • Environmentally certified products and life cycle
    appraisal
  • of products help us achieve our targets

32
Examples of green purchasing
  • Preferred electrical appliances and cars
  • The most effective, A-rated electrical
    appliances.
  • CO2 impact/km from cars should be minimal.
  • Preferred cleaning and construction materials
    Should not contain
  • any of the 13 chemicals which have been
    blacklisted by Green Cities

33
GREEN CITIES
  • Ecology

34
Green Cities are shifting to organic produce
  • Organic farming increases the natural and
    biological diversity,
  • protects the ground water, the climate and human
    health in general.
  • This is why we want to use only organic produce.
  • Joint benchmarks
  • All municipal food consumption should be organic
  • At least 75 must be organic by 2012

35
Climate and eco-considerations
  • Shifting to consuming only organic food in the
    Green Cities
  • municipalities makes it necessary to consider the
    climate.
  • We do this through
  • recommending a reduced intake of meat
  • and increased intake of seasonal vegetables
  • making better use of all raw materials and
    minimizing waste
  • demanding climate considerations from our
    suppliers, for instance
  • in terms of transportation and packaging

36
Organic food in all kitchens
  • Child care institutions lemonade and cake have
    been replaced
  • by fruit and milk. The result is happier and
    healthier children
  • Schools Lunch packets have been replaced with
    school food,
  • for instance organic wholemeal sandwiches with
    salad and chicken.
  • Organic nutrients are fuel for brains and
    increased learning
  • Residential homes the vegetables and the milk
    taste like
  • they used to do, when the residents were
    children.
  • Organic food contains more natural flavours

37
GREEN CITIES
  • Anchorage

38
Sustainable development initiatives must be
anchored
  • Anchorage is when actions and choices
  • are influenced in the right direction.
  • Anchoring sustainability is one of the
    cornerstones
  • in the Green Cities project.
  • We want to inspire citizens, companies and the
    public sector
  • to become conscious about their environmental
    impact and
  • be committed to playing an active part in
    sustainable
  • development of the environment.

39
Sustainable anchorage in the citizen community
  • Green lifestyles and choices in the community are
    essential for creating
  • sustainable development. Green Cities have
    therefore initiated various
  • activities for and together with the citizens.
    Examples are
  • Launching an internet campaign that gives advice
    to
  • citizens on how to cut down on their CO2
    emission
  • An event, in which celebrities got on their
    bicycles
  • and advocated for the importance of choosing
  • the bicycle instead of the car

40
  • Further examples
  • Establishing networks in which citizens
  • can discuss green initiatives with municipal
    representatives
  • This will create a bigger sense of
    responsibility among the citizens
  • Launching various local projects, such as having
    a village determine its
  • own climate benchmarks and work towards reducing
    its CO2 emission
  • School education about the climate. Children
    contribute to family climate habits

41
Anchoring sustainability in the business
community
  • The municipalities cannot solve the climate and
    environmental
  • challenges alone. Green Cities are therefore
    engaged
  • in formal cooperation with the business
    community.
  • The key words in this cooperation are dialogue,
  • voluntariness and commitment.
  • In Company Networks, the municipality is
    cooperating
  • with local companies to create sustainable
    development
  • When the local business community contributes to
    creating
  • a municipal climate plan, they feel a stronger
    responsibility
  • for achieving CO2 reduction benchmarks

42
Anchorage of sustainability within the
municipality
  • Sustainability initiatives must also be anchored
    within the municipality.
  • Green Cities are committed to including
    sustainability principles
  • in all policies and service areas.
  • Each municipality must set a good example.
  • We are committed to ensuring that all municipal
    institutions
  • have received an environmental certificate by
    2015.
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