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Hurricanes Katrina


2,646 in Alabama. 12,849 in Louisiana ... New Orleans area continues to have decreased capacity and closed/destroyed facilities ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hurricanes Katrina

Hurricanes Katrina RitaandThe Ryan White CARE
Act Program
  • July 2006 Update

  • Tropical Storm August 24, 2005
  • Became Hurricane Katrina August 25th - hitting
    Miami-Dade Broward Counties with winds at 70
    knots as Category 1
  • Traveled over the Gulf of Mexico at Category 5
  • Entered US again on August 29th at the northern
    Gulf Coast at Category 4, and traveled inland
    over Louisiana and southern/central Mississippi
    causing extreme coastal erosion and massive
    destruction of land and property
  • Weakened to Category 1 and to a tropical storm
    northwest of Meridian, MS over last days of

National Hurricane Center
  • Katrina was the costliest and one of the five
    deadliest hurricanes to ever strike the US. the
    damage and loss of life inflicted by this massive
    hurricane in Louisiana Mississippi was
    staggering. one of the most devastating natural
    disasters in US history, as reported by the
    National Hurricane Center.

Hurricane Rita
  • September 18th Tropical storm near the Bahamas
  • September 20th sideswiped the Florida Keys -
    Category 2
  • Gulf of Mexico as Category 5 and 175 mph winds
  • Hit the US just weeks after Hurricane Katrina on
    September 24th at the Texas/Louisiana Border as a
    Category 3 hurricane with major flooding
  • Prompted massive evacuations along the Gulf Coast
  • Caused widespread damage in southwest Louisiana
  • September 26th downgraded to tropical depression

CARE Act Grantees
  • Louisiana 4 Title I sites (New Orleans EMA) 10
    Title II sites 9 Title III 2 Title IV 1 CBDP
  • Mississippi 1 Title II 7 Title III 2 Title
    IV 1 CBDP
  • Alabama 1 Title II 9 Title III 2 Title IV
  • Numerous sub-grantees, contractors and satellite
    sites throughout the three States
  • (many sites receive funding from more than one
    CARE Act Title and therefore may reflect
    duplicate counts)

Impact on Residents
  • Loss of life
  • Over 1,400 deaths (Hurricane Katrina)
  • Over 100 (Hurricane Rita)
  • Loss of pets
  • Loss of homes
  • Loss of jobs schools
  • Loss of possessions
  • Forced to relocate
  • Delay in rescue/relocation operations
  • HIV diagnosis
  • Medications, stigma, sexual preference, stress,
    support services

Persons Living with HIV/AIDS
  • More than 21,000 PLWHAs were living in
    disaster-affected counties before Hurricane
  • 2,646 in Alabama
  • 12,849 in Louisiana
  • Nearly 7,400 lived in the New Orleans
    metropolitan area alone
  • 5,567 in Mississippi
  • The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation HIV/AIDS
    Policy Fact Sheet, Assessing the Number of
    People with HIV/AIDS in Areas Affected by
    Hurricane Katrina, 9/2005

HAB Assistance
  • Working with grantees to
  • Determine extent of damage needs
  • Technical Assistance
  • Advice and Clarification
  • Local versus Federal restrictions on programs
  • Site Visits
  • Exploring new clinic openings
  • Regular conference calls
  • National AIDS Organizations
  • Reimburse Title II providers with Title I funds

Status of CARE Act Clients
  • Approximately 2,200 CARE Act clients were
    evacuated provided services
  • Title I, Title II, ADAP, Title III and Title IV
    funded programs reported providing services
  • 35 States, primarily Texas and Louisiana, and the
    District of Columbia enrolled HIV evacuees
  • Texas reported over 800 evacuees receiving CARE
    Act services
  • Louisiana reported over 700 evacuees receiving
    CARE Act services

  • Initial concerns power outages
  • Clinics closed temporarily 1 week
  • All sites are now operational
  • Collaborating to ensure needs are met with
  • State Department of Health
  • Community Based Organizations
  • AIDS Service Organizations
  • Private Philanthropic Organizations

  • Grantees still struggling
  • Limited resources
  • Staffing shortages and concerns
  • Repair of facilities
  • Equipment replacement
  • Return of clients
  • Need to enhance existing services

Louisiana (continued)
  • Title I EMA operational - 2 of 4 sites open (1
    closed and 2 merged)
  • Funded primary care sites mostly destroyed
  • Baton Rouge Bogalusa continue to demonstrate
    increased demand clients
  • Budgets are strained
  • New Orleans Title I transferred 1.3 million to
    Title II programs for Title I eligible clients
  • New Orleans area continues to have decreased
    capacity and closed/destroyed facilities

  • Some providers report still operating out of
    trailers due to destruction of sites
  • Seeing approximately 50 percent of pre-hurricane
    patient load
  • All CARE Act funded grantees of record are open
    and providing services

  • Texas ADAP Dallas Houston EMAs received large
    number of evacuees with multiple demands on
  • Grantees joined forces with community based
    providers to
  • Absorb evacuees into outpatient services
  • Medical
  • Medication Assistance
  • Case Management

Texas (continued)
  • ADAP
  • Received in-kind donations from 7 major drug
    companies for September and October
  • Louisiana Medicaid provided funding assistance to
    the Texas ADAP to purchase pharmaceuticals for
    Louisiana Medicaid eligible clients

Ongoing Challenges
  • Current status of evacuees, returning clients,
    staff and facilities
  • Scope and demographics of epidemic
  • Tracking clients who have been displaced
  • Housing for returning and relocating evacuees
  • Primary care service provision in temporary and
    damaged facilities
  • Need for increased funding to provide services
  • Enrolling displaced evacuees in Medicare Part D

Ongoing Challenges (continued)
  • Transportation for clients to/from services
  • Food clothing
  • Planning for
  • Development of future sites
  • Service provision
  • Long term impact to clients
  • Future manmade or natural disasters
  • Determining residency
  • Increased requests for information
  • Re-establishing and maintaining communication

Ongoing Challenges (continued)
  • Meeting CARE Act legislatively mandated
    requirements and restrictions, as well as
    conditions of award
  • Unable to use CARE Act dollars to pay for
    medications for non-resident clients (ADAP)
  • Unable to reimburse service providers for care to
    non-resident evacuees
  • Unable to provide funds for non-CARE Act
    expenses, such as food, clothing and shelter
  • Inability to provide care without documentation,
    i.e., medical records, HIV diagnosis, etc

Hurricane CategoriesSaffir/Simpson Hurricane
Scale (For Reference Purpose)
  • CAT Winds Surge
  • 1 74-95 mph (64-82 knots (kt) 4-5 ft
  • 2 96-110 mph (83-95 kt) 6-8 ft
  • 3 111-130 mph (96-113 kt) 9-12 ft
  • 4 131-155 mph (114-135 kt) 13-18 ft
  • 5 155 mph (135 kt) 18 ft

Contact Information
  • Ivana R. Williams, MPA, PT
  • Senior Program Management Officer
  • Division of Science and Policy
  • (301) 443-8364