Lecture 17: The High Middle Ages 10001300 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Lecture 17: The High Middle Ages 10001300 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 9f27-ZTU3Z


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Lecture 17: The High Middle Ages 10001300


Lecture 17: The High Middle Ages 1000-1300 ... Most popular sciences were astrology and alchemy (turning. base metals into gold) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:120
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 8
Provided by: dtcP
Learn more at: http://dtc.pima.edu


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Lecture 17: The High Middle Ages 10001300

Lecture 17 The High Middle Ages
1000-1300 -- 1000-1300 much improved from
previous period cessation of constant invasion,
better climate, improved agriculture,
increase in population (from 38 to 74
million) -- prosperity due to success of
manorial system and development of organized
Christian groups, especially Cistercians -- Durin
g this period, relationship between lords and
peasants merely landlord/tenant where lord is
mere rent collector -- Cultural and intellectual
life now dominated by lay leaders as well as
Church due to rise of urban life and contacts
between east and west as result of
crusades -- First universities begun during this
period U of Bologna 1158
-- Universities were large institutions which
offered general studies with specialist
teachers in astronomy, geometry, arithmetic,
music, grammar, rhetoric and logic, with
higher disciplines in theology, law and
medicine -- Medieval universities were guilds
privileged corporations of teachers and students
with classes in rented rooms -- By 13th century,
universities existed in Paris, Bologna,
Naples, Montpellier, Oxford, Cambridge and
elsewhere -- Student life characterized by
violence and excess -- Wealthy benefactors
founded residential colleges in Paris by 13th
century riots for lower housing costs were
common -- Students day began at 5 or 6 a.m.
summoned to class by church bells
-- Teachers lectured all morning from raised
platform at end of unheated rooms to students on
rough benches students engaged in recreation in
afternoon, studied at night -- Law students
studied both canon (church) and customary
law -- Legal scholars known as glossators
wrote analyses of law -- After 1100, Roman law
revived Corpus Juris Secundum still used today
(law organized into series of topics) -- By 13th
c. Roman law begins to dominate in France,
Germany and Spain (England continues to use
common law) -- Scholars did not hesitate to
criticize Catholic theology tension between
reason and faith results in compromise known
as Scholasticism (Maimonidies Guide for the
-- St. Thomas Aquinas Dominican (vows of
poverty) Summa Theologica attempts to unify
and explain rationally all of the major
theological issues in Platonic form (question
and answer) -- William Ockham 1300-1349)
reason and revelation cannot harmonized -- Medie
val science observation will render
knowledge -- Robert Grosseteste (1168-1253)
scientist who lectures to Franciscans Platonist
who believed that mathematics was key to
understanding the physical universe (note Plato
God is a mathematician) -- Most popular
sciences were astrology and alchemy
(turning base metals into gold) -- By High
Middle Ages, vernacular replaces Latin for
Abbey Church of St. Denis (8th 13th
c.) (Gothic style pointed masonry ribs and
complex groin vaulting)
St. Denis north view
St. Denis exterior arch
About PowerShow.com