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FACILITIES

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... rivers, mountains etc. This means that people have to travel to use the facility. ... Outdoor adventure centres ( canoeing, climbing, mountaineering, orienteering, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FACILITIES


1
FACILITIES
  • 1. Outdoor facilities
  • 2. Indoor facilities
  • 3. Providers of facilities

2
OUTDOOR FACILITIES
  • Write down as many types of outdoor sports
    facilities you can think of.
  • Think of as many different types as you can!

3
OUTDOOR FACILITIES
  • Sports pitches
  • E.g. Athletics tracks
  • cross country courses
  • football pitches
  • hockey pitches
  • netball courts
  • rounders pitches
  • rugby pitches
  • tennis courts
  • Etc etc etc !!!!!

4
  • Water sports areas e.g Holme Pierrepoint in
    Nottinghamshire

5
  • Ski centres artificial or real!

6
OUTDOOR FACILITIES
  • Outdoor Adventure centres
  • These use natural features already there i.e.
    Plas y Brenin

7
OUTDOOR FACILITIES
  • Equestrian Centres

8
OUTDOOR FACILITIES
  • Golf courses

9
OUTDOOR FACILITIES
  • As we have seen these might need to be situated
    in certain places if they need natural features
    sea, lakes, rivers, mountains etc. This means
    that people have to travel to use the facility.
  • Man can alter nature and in the past few years we
    have been filling in gravel pits to make lakes
    for example in South Cerney Gloucestershire and
    even building from scratch like Holme Pierrepoint
    especially for water sports.
  • Sports pitches need areas of land (preferably
    flat!) for a pitch to be laid down or even built
    in the case of artificial pitches.
  • Land is expensive especially in towns and cities
    so many outdoor facilities are located outside
    the towns - outdoor facilities need to be big!!!
    But there is still pressure to use the land for
    other things such as building houses and farming
    so it is still expensive!

10
OUTDOOR FACILITIES
  • Outdoor adventure centres ( canoeing, climbing,
    mountaineering, orienteering, sailing and skiing)
    are usually well in the country side which means
    that factors such as risk assessment, public
    access and possible damage to the environment all
    have to be considered.
  • It is not always easy for members of the public
    to reach outdoor facilities by public transport
    so this can cut down the number of participants
    and spectators.
  • Another major problem, well in the UK certainly!,
    is the possibility of bad weather this can put
    off people and may even result in events being
    postponed or cancelled.

11
INDOOR FACILITIES
  • Main difference between indoor and outdoor
    facilities is that you have some choice as to
    where they can go! However the following must be
    considered
  • Population and expected use There is no point
    building a facility if there is no one around to
    use it! You need a lot of people to use the
    facility just to make enough money to run it
    therefore most indoor facilities are built in
    areas of high population.

12
INDOOR FACILITIES
  • Access People need to be able to reach the
    facility -they may travel by road, rail or even
    by plane ( this would be important if you were
    hoping to hold international comps there)
    therefore transport links need to be good. E.g.
    the badminton championships at the NIA
  • Parking This is essential but takes up more land
    and is therefore expensive.

13
INDOOR FACILITIES
  • Cost This isnt just the cost of the building but
    the cost of the land to build on. The cost of the
    building will be the same more or less anywhere
    but the cost of land varies considerably! It is a
    very important factor in building any new
    facility.
  • Natural Features Natural things such as good
    drainage or climate may be very important when
    deciding where to build a sportshall
  • Demand There has to be demand for the particular
    type of facility in the area or it will not be
    built, or if it is, it will soon be closed.

14
INDOOR FACILITIES
  • Competition and rival facilities It is pointless
    to build two facilities close to each other
    unless there is massive demand that one cannot
    handle. You may be able to build several sports
    halls close together but if each had a swimming
    pool and ice rink it would not be worthwhile.
  • Flexibility and versatility if the facility can
    offer many different sports they will ultimately
    be more successful as we have already seen that
    sports wax and wane in popularity but they would
    always have something to offer.
  • Dual use Many schools have dual use facilities
    both for the school and the community so
    sometimes it is better financially to upgrade
    these than build new.

15
Providers of facilities
  • The Private Sector
  • These are run by individuals, firms or companies
    and they have to be run as businesses and make
    money for their bosses.
  • These are usually health clubs
  • hotels with
    sports facilities
  • holiday camps
  • outward bound
    centres
  • riding
    schools

16
Providers of facilities
  • There are also many clubs who are run privately
    and re either owned by the members or by
    companies.
  • Some are major facilities in the country
  • football stadiums and
    grounds
  • rugby grounds
  • centres of excellence
  • golf clubs
  • tennis clubs
  • squash clubs
  • sports stadiums (such
    as crystal palace)
  • large venues such as
    Wembley, The Albert
  • Hall, Millennium
    stadium, Twickenham.

17
Providers of facilities
  • The thing that all these types of facilities have
    in common is that they have to make money or at
    least break even. Clubs owned by members are
    usually happy just to break even as they just
    want to provide the facilities for the members,
    Many jobs are done by the members therefore they
    do not need many staff.
  • The larger companies however want to make large
    profits e.g. Man Utd, Tottenham are public
    limited companies which means they have
    shareholders who want dividends (shares of the
    profits).

18
Providers of facilities
  • Public sector
  • These are owned and run by local authorities or
    councils people have to pay to use them but
    anyone can do so.
  • These include places such as leisure centres

  • sports halls

  • swimming pools

  • sports pitches

  • schools

  • town halls
  • These are financed from the taxes of the people
    living in the borough and are meant to provide
    facilities in the area.

19
Providers of facilities
  • The cost of these facilities are very high for
    example a swimming pool costs several million to
    build and hundreds of pounds a year to run
    heating, cleaning, maintaining, staffing etc
    there is not one public swimming pool in the
    country which makes a profit.
  • They are built in the first place by the local
    authority and then kept going even though they
    are losing money as they continue to be
    subsidised by the tax payer. This does mean that
    the cost of swimming is kept down.
  • A problem arises if you live in a rural area as
    there might not be any facilities near to you and
    you may have to travel quite a distance because
    the authority does not have the same money as
    urban areas less people. Local authorities in
    urban areas often have large budgets and are
    therefore able to spend much more on facilities
    bigger and better ones!!
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