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Empirical Methods of Linguistic Research

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Diary data (child language) Reference grammars (linguistic typology) Videos ... English has lost about 200 irregular verbs since Old English. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Empirical Methods of Linguistic Research


1
Empirical Methods of Linguistic Research
2
What you will learn
  • How to write an empirical research paper
  • How to design an experiment / a questionnaire
  • How to describe frequency data (tables, graphs)
  • How to analyse frequency data (statistics)
  • Introduction to relevant computer software

3
Linguistic data
  • Collection of written texts
  • Transcripts of spoken language
  • Large electronic corpora
  • Experiments
  • Questionnaire
  • Dictionaries
  • Diary data (child language)
  • Reference grammars (linguistic typology)
  • Videos

4
Language acquisition
(1) Whats dat? (2) Whos dat? (3) When do we
leave? (4) Wheres Daddy? (5) Whys dat? 1.
Which WH-word is most frequent in early child
language? 2. In which order do the WH words
occur? 3. Does input frequency determine the
order of acquisition?
5
Language acquisition
6
Language acquisition
Table 1. Raw frequencies
7
Language acquisition
Table 2. Mean proportions
8
Language acquisition
Table 3. Age of first appearance
9
Language acquisition
Table 4. Correlation
10
Language acquisition
Table 5. Correlation (paired)
11
Corpus linguistics
  • (1) a. When Peter arrived, Sally left.
  • b. Sally left, when Peter arrived.
  • (2) a. If you had talked to her, you would have
    heard about it.
  • b. You would have heard about it, if you had
    talked to her.
  • What determines the positioning of the adverbial
    clause?

12
Corpus linguistics
13
Corpus linguistics
14
Corpus linguistics
15
Corpus linguistics
16
Historical linguistics
  • English has lost about 200 irregular verbs since
    Old English. In a few cases, regular verbs have
    become irregular (e.g. catch caught). Today
    there are only 180 irregular verbs left.
  • 1. Is there still pressure to regularize
    irregular verbs in English?
  • 2. What determines the regularization of
    irregular verbs?
  • 3. Why have some regular verbs become
    regularized?

17
Historical linguistics
18
Historical linguistics
19
Historical linguistics
20
Historical linguistics
21
Psycholinguistics/Cognitive Linguistics
  • Complete the sentence
  • (1) Das ist der Mann .
  • (2) Das ist das Buch
  • (3) Das ist die Stadt
  • (4) Das ist jemand
  • (5) Das ist derjenige

22
Historical linguistics
23
Historical linguistics
24
Historical linguistics
25
Historical linguistics
26
Historical linguistics
27
Historical linguistics
28
Historical linguistics
29
Historical linguistics
30
Historical linguistics
31
Historical linguistics
32
Linguistic typology
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