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American Family Development

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rapid population growth, large families, rural society (30-35 ... Textiles, Cotton. Grains - Corn, Wheat, etc. Dairy. Meat. Fruits, vegetables. Urban Industrial ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Family Development


1
American Family Development
2
American Demographic Development
  • To 1700 Vorzeit, Unstable settlement
  • 1700-1870 Frontier/Rural Settlement
  • rapid population growth, large families, rural
    society (30-35 growth rate per decade)
  • 1870-1920 Great Conjuncture Urbanization and
    industrialization take hold but rural areas still
    growing

3
American Demographic Development
  • 1920 - present Metropolitan Settlement
  • slower population growth, urban, suburban,
    industrial and post industrial society, smaller
    families

4
Growth of the U.S. Population
5
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6
1890 Population Density Closing of the Frontier
7
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8
American Demographic Change
9
Thinking About Population Growth
10
Frontier Rural Society
  • Primarily agricultural
  • Freehold property based
  • Ample land available for development
  • Settlement through family farms
  • Northern pattern Husband Wife children, some
    hired labor
  • Southern pattern families slaves post
    bellum, family based sharecropping system

11
Key Agricultural Products
  • Textiles, Cotton
  • Grains - Corn, Wheat, etc.
  • Dairy
  • Meat
  • Fruits, vegetables

12
Urban Industrial
  • Manufacturing based
  • Factory system of production
  • Transportation and Communication systems grow
    railroads, telegraph, telephone
  • New social class workers for wages
  • New middle class salaried employees
  • Dependent on their employers

13
Key Products
  • Iron and Steel, coal, petroleum
  • Machinery, steam engines for railroads and
    powering factories
  • Electrical machinery electrification of society
  • Consumer goods clothes, furniture, home goods,
    cars, appliances….

14
Urban Industrial cont.
  • Family pattern breadwinner husband/ homemaker
    wife children
  • Homes are consumption spaces, not production
    spaces
  • Land more expensive and less space for family
  • Fewer children more intensive training

15
Metropolitan Society
  • Growth of white collar workforce
  • Continued factory production and proliferation of
    products film, radio, TV, computers, electronics

16
Metropolitan Family Patterns
  • Continued male breadwinner/female homemaker
  • Fewer children and more investment in them
  • Emergence of the dual earner family
  • about 1960 with wife as secondary earner
  • post 1970, as equal contributors to family
    economy

17
Changes in Women and Childrens Lives
  • The urban industrial family sent children to work
    as secondary earners
  • The metropolitan family sent wives to work as
    secondary and then equal earners
  • Education attainment expands as life event
  • Primary school 19th century
  • 8th Grade by around 1930
  • 1950 half of adults graduate from high school
  • 1980 85-90 of adults graduate high school

18
Childbearing
  • 1800 7 children born per woman of childbearing
    age
  • 1900 3-4
  • 1970 2.1
  • Bearing and caring for small children is no
    longer the majority of a womans life work.

19
Race and Ethnic Migration Patterns
  • Frontier rural Northern European white and
    African
  • Urban Industrial Northern European white, later
    Southern and Eastern European white small Asian
    migration on West Coast
  • Metropolitan Southern diaspora both African
    American and white Mexican, Asian,
    Hispanic/Latino
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