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Towards an Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Japanese

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Towards an Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Japanese ... Synonyms. Exact and approximative synonyms. Hyperonyms. The DiCo. LFs. The DiCo. Examples ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Towards an Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Japanese


1
Towards an Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary
of Japanese
Asialex'03, Tokyo, August 27, 2003
  • Lexicography in the Meaning-Text Theory

François Lareau OLST (U. of Montreal) / Lattice
(U. Paris 7) francois.lareau_at_umontreal.ca
2
The architecture of an MTM
3
Paraphrasing
4
Levels of representation
5
Levels of representation
6
Levels of representation
Linear list of morphs or morphemes
7
Levels of representation
Classic phonological representation
8
Modules of an MTM
9
Correspondence rules
10
Wheres the lexicon?
11
The DiCo
Melcuk Polguère
12
The DiCo
  • Identification
  • Name of the entry
  • ID number of the lexical unit

13
The DiCo
  • Syntactics
  • Part of speech
  • Gender, nominal class, etc.
  • Irregular behavior

14
The DiCo
  • Semantics
  • Semantic label of the LU
  • Semantic actants
  • Semantic labels of the actants
  • Prepositions are there for intelligibility

15
The DiCo
  • Government
  • Mapping between semantic, deep syntactic and
    surface syntactic actants
  • Governed prepositions, nominal cases, etc.

16
The DiCo
  • Synonyms
  • Exact and approximative synonyms
  • Hyperonyms

17
The DiCo
LFs
18
The DiCo
  • Examples
  • Based on electronic corpora

19
Idioms USO vs. LIE
  • wo iu, tuku, osieru say
    use tell tell a
  • makka na crimson baldfaced, outright
  • miesuita transparent obvious

20
Idioms USO vs. LIE




21
Semantico-syntactic patterns
22
Semantico-syntactic patterns
23
Semantico-syntactic patterns
24
Semantico-syntactic patterns
f(lie) tell
f(x) y
Oper1
25
Oper1 definition
Oper1(x) y
26
Another example Magn
Magn(rain) heavy
Magn(uso) makka na lie
crimson
Magn(sekinin) omoi, zyudai na, zyuyô na, ôki
na responsibility heavy
important important big
27
The DiCo
  • LFs
  • Paradigmatic and syntagmatic functions
  • Standard and non-standard functions
  • Natural language version of LF names
  • Government patterns of LF values
  • Special conditions

28
A Japanese example USO
  • S1 usotsuki (liar)
  • Mult no katamari (pack of )
  • Magn makka na (crimson)
  • Ver mottomo rashii (which seems plausible)
  • AntiVer miesuita (transparent)
  • Oper1 wo iu (say), tsuku (use), oshieru
    (tell)
  • Magnquant Oper1 happyaku wo naraberu (to
    align 800 s), no katamari wo naraberu (to
    align a pack of s)

29
Another example KANZYÔ
  • Qual1 kanzi yasui (easy feeling)
  • IncepPredPlus ga moeagaru ( flares up),
    takamaru ( rises)
  • CausPredPlus wo kakitateru (to stir up )
  • nonPerm1Manif wo kakusu (to hide )
  • Perm1Fact0 ni makeru (to yield to)
  • nonPerm1Fact0 wo osaeru (to control )
  • Adv1 wo komete (charged with )

30
Conclusion
  • An ECD is an essential component of a larger,
    fully formalized, linguistic model
  • Lexical functions provide an elegant and
    efficient way of describing idiomatic expressions
  • Such formal tools are especially useful for
    cross-linguistic applications (see Mangeot and
    Kuroda, tomorrow, 1115, room 2201)
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