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Ecotourism, Sustainability, and Cultural Survival in Ecuador by Veronica Davidov, Ph.D.

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Ecotourism, Sustainability, and Cultural Survival in Ecuador. by Veronica Davidov, ... Ethnocentric Ideas of Sustainability. Scale. Definitional Problems. Greenwashing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ecotourism, Sustainability, and Cultural Survival in Ecuador by Veronica Davidov, Ph.D.


1
Ecotourism, Sustainability, and Cultural Survival
in Ecuadorby Veronica Davidov, Ph.D.
2
Paper Overview
  • The Promise and Positive Effects of Ecotourism
  • Negative Issues in Ecotourism
  • Ecoturismo in Ecuador
  • Case Studies
  • Discussion and Conclusion

3
The Promise and Positive Effectsof Ecotourism
  • Conservation
  • Reconciling Development and Sustainability

4
Negative Issues
  • Ethnocentric Ideas of Sustainability
  • Scale
  • Definitional Problems
  • Greenwashing

5
Ecoturismo in Context
  • Ecuador favorable conditions for tourism
  • Biodiversity (Galapagos)
  • Climate
  • Relatively stable politically
  • Several indigenous populations

6
  • 1937 inception of oil industry in Ecuador
  • 1967 CEPE created
  • 2000 312-mile Trans-Ecuadorian Pipe Line
    pipeline -- 360,000 barrels per day
  • 2001 46 of total government income from oil
    export

7
Indigenous rights
  • CONAIE
  • CONFENIAE
  • ECCUARUNARI

8
CASE STUDY RICANCIE
  • Alternative to oil exploitation
  • Sponsored by environmental NGO (but have NGO
    status themselves)
  • Aligned with indigenous activism
  • Communities in charge of decision-making

9
CHUVA URCU
  • Residents live in town, use protected land
    exclusively for ecotourism

10
TENA
11
MACHAKUYAKU
  • Focus on traditional food
  • Learning about agriculture
  • Quichua crafts

12
RIO BLANCO
  • Focus on shamanism and native cosmology

13
Factors of Success
  • The local nature of supporting NGOs, as well as
    their involvement with and commitment to
    indigenous activism
  • Subsequent NGO status of the community alliance
    itself
  • Self-determination by the communities
  • The ability to specialize

14
Cotococha
  • Tension due to competition
  • Tension due to Cultural Perceptions of Tourism
  • Tensions Around Shamanic Practices

15
Bellavista
  • Localized project
  • Foreign donors
  • Locals excluded
  • Land conserved for non-agricultural pursuits
  • But no desirable jobs for locals are created

16
  • From
  • Sustainable Development of Ecotourism A
    Compilation of Good Practices in SMEs
  • -World Tourism Organization Press (2003)
  • SME Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise

17
  • the results of the educational effort
    undertaken in environmental conservation with the
    neighboring communities are expected to be
    forthcoming in the long-term, mainly because of
    the existence of different viewpoints due to the
    different cultures involved"
  • "the neighbors need time to grasp the goals of
    a project of this kind

18
Policy Recommendations
  • Ensure local representation
  • Involvement with local organizations focused on
    cultural advocacy/survival
  • Consultation with local NGOs not exclusively
    focused on conservation
  • Ecoconservation should not be the exclusive focus
  • Ethnographic assessment
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