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Ancient Egypt: Geography, Military, and the Nile

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The Nile is composed of 3 separate rivers which combine and ... The Blue Nile contributes 17% of the Niles water during low season and 68% during high season ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt: Geography, Military, and the Nile


1
Ancient Egypt Geography, Military, and the Nile
  • Kevin Leibold and Dave

2
The Nile
  • The river got its name from the Greek word
    Neilos, which means valley.
  • The Nile is composed of 3 separate rivers which
    combine and form the Nile, the White Nile, the
    Blue Nile, and the Atbarah.
  • 6695 Kilometers long

3
The White Nile
  • The White Nile that begins at Lake Victoria in
    Uganda it supplies around 28 of the Niles water.
  • The White Nile is the clearest water and that is
    why its called the White Nile
  • The White Nile contributes 80 of the Niles water
    during the low season and a mere 10 during the
    high season.

4
The Blue Nile
  • The Blue Nile begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia and
    supplies an average of 58 of the Niles waters in
    Egypt.
  • It flows faster than the White Nile and they join
    at Khartoum.
  • The Blue Nile carries mud and sediment and is not
    clear like the White Nile.
  • The Blue Nile contributes 17 of the Niles water
    during low season and 68 during high season

5
Atbarah River
  • The shorter Atbarah river begins in Ethiopia
    similar to the Blue Nile and joins the Main Nile
    north of Khartoum where the other Niles meet up.
  • The Atbarah River meets up with the Main Nile
    between the 5th and 6th cataracts which is the
    area of steep rapids
  • The River provides an estimated 14 or the Niles
    waters in Egypt. Atbarah River provides a higher
    percent of water during the torrential rains, 22
    compared to 14 during the rest of the year.

6
The Nile Delta
  • The Nile Delta extends over approximately 22,000
    square kilometers.
  • Measurements of the annual flood has seen a lot
    of over flow varying from as low as 1.2 billion
    cubic meters and as high as 4.25 billion cubic
    meters have been recorded.
  • For centuries Egyptians attempted to predict and
    take advantage of the flows and moderate the
    severity of floods.

7
The Nile
8
Geography
  • Egypt covers an area of 1 million 1 thousand 4
    hundred 49 kilometers of land, and is the
    estimated size of Texas and New Mexico. The
    country is located at the top of Africa the North
    East side includes the Sinai Peninsula.

9
Western Desert
  • The Western Desert covers about 700,000 square
    kilometers accounts for about 60of Egypt's land
    area
  • The desert contains many oases, Bahriyah,
    Farafirah, Dakhilah, and Kharijah.
  • The sweetwater artesian wells in the Fayyum Oasis
    have permitted extensive cultivation in an
    irrigated area that extends over 1,800 square
    kilometers.

10
Eastern Desert
  • 220,000 square kilometers
  • The upward-sloping plateau of sand gives way
    within 100 kilometers to arid, defoliated, rocky
    hills. The hills reach elevations of more than
    1,900 meters.
  • Most important of this area are the Red Sea
    Hills, which extend from the Nile Valley eastward
    to the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea

11
Sinai Peninsula
  • This triangular area covers about 61,100 square
    kilometers.
  • Similar to the desert, the peninsula contains
    mountains in its southern sector
  • The country's highest point--2,642 meters

12
Map of Egypt
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