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Making sense of the senses

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Children and adults with autism as well as other developmental ... Aromatherapy (choose scent/oil according to child's response) Tasting/smelling activities ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Making sense of the senses


1
Making sense of the senses
  • Autistic spectrum disorders and sensory processing

Jacqui Jackson Bsc (1st class hons), Cert H.P.,
Dip., App. S.S., Dip., H. S.W. Adv. Dip, S.E.N.
www.jacquijackson.com
2
  • Children and adults with autism as well as other
    developmental disabilities may have a
    dysfunctional sensory system
  • (Ayres, 1972)

3
Hyposensitivity
  • Children with an under sensitive sensory system
    actively seek sensory stimulation

4
Hypersensitivity
  • Children with an over sensitive sensory system
    often reject and shy away from sensory stimulation

5
The sensory system
  • Auditory
  • Visual
  • Tactile
  • Gustatory/olfactory
  • Vestibular
  • Proprioceptive

6
Some symptoms of sensory processing difficulties
7
Auditory system
  • Oversensitive to sound/frequently covers ears
  • Under sensitive to sound/has no volume control
  • Auditory processing difficulties

8
Auditory processing
  • Difficulties with sequencing
  • Difficulties remembering what was heard
  • Often has spelling problems
  • Often seems to misunderstand
  • Difficulties discriminating between similar
    sounding words
  • Difficulties discriminating between background
    and foreground noise

9
Visual system
  • Picky eaters choosy about appearance of food on
    plate
  • Seems to scan environment and items
  • Visual processing difficulties

10
Tactile system
  • Avoids tactile input
  • Seeks out tactile input
  • Dislikes certain clothing or prefers to be naked
  • Dislikes labels and seams
  • Walks on tiptoes
  • Unusually high or low pain tolerance

11
Olfactory (smell) and Gustatory (taste) systems
  • Oversensitive to smell
  • Tends to sniff/lick food and nonfood stuffs
  • Picky with food/refuses many textures and tastes
  • Eats non foodstuffs (pica)
  • Smears/eats faeces

12
Vestibular system
  • Appears fearful of playground rides and
    activities
  • Avoids balancing activities
  • Avoids sports
  • Easily sick when travelling or on rides
  • Appears fearful of heights

13
Vestibular system (cont.)
  • Seems oblivious to heights, fairground rides etc.
  • Always on the go
  • Frequently engages in spinning, jumping and
    bumping into things
  • Unusually high or low level of activity

14
Proprioceptive system
  • Problems with muscle tone
  • Coordination and motor planning problems
  • Tires easily

15
Practical Approaches
16
Seeing(Visual input)
  • Coloured lenses/overlays
  • www.readingandwriting.ab.ca/judypool/irlen.htm
  • www.visualdyslexia.com
  • Correct lighting
  • Visual activities

17
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20
Listening and hearing(Auditory input)
  • Reduce auditory interference in environment
  • Auditory integration therapy (listening
    programme)
  • Music therapy
  • Listening activities

21
Tasting and Smelling(Gustatory/Olfactory input)
  • Aromatherapy (choose scent/oil according to
    childs response)
  • Tasting/smelling activities
  • Sensory activity before trying new foods

22
Touching(Tactile input)
  • Desensitization by gradual exposure to various
    textures such as shaving foam, sand (wet and
    dry), sugar, jelly
  • Oral motor activities
  • Gently squashing child between two cushions
  • Play with different textured toys eg squishy
    balls, plush toys

23
Body Positioning(Proprioceptive input)
  • Swinging
  • Trampolining
  • Ball pools
  • Massage
  • Weighted quilts/jackets
  • Proprioceptive activities eg squashing

24
Balance and Movement(Vestibular Input)
  • Walking on balancing beam
  • Trampolining
  • Rolling/balancing on large ball
  • Balancing board
  • Dancing
  • Swings
  • Vestibular activities

25
Useful reading
  • Jackson, L., (2001) A user guide to the GF/CF
    diet for autism, ADHD and Asperger Syndrome.
    London. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  • Jackson, L., (2002) Freaks, Geeks and Asperger
    Syndrome A user guide to adolescence. London.
    Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  • Jackson, J., (2003) Multicoloured Mayhem
    parenting the many shades of adolescents and
    children with autism, Asperger syndrome and ADHD.
    London. Jessica Kingsley Publishers

26
Useful reading (cont.)
  • Kranowitz. C., (2003) The Out of Sync Child Has
    Fun. London. Perigree
  • Bogdashina. O. (2003) Sensory Perceptual Issues
    in Autism and Asperger Syndrome different
    Sensory Experiences Different Perceptual
    worlds. London. Jessica Kingsley Publishers

27
Useful reading cont.
  • Chara A and Chara P (2004) Sensory Smarts A
    book for children with ADHD and Autistic Spectrum
    Disorders struggling with sensory integration
    problems. London. Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  • Emmons and Anderson (2005) Understanding Sensory
    Dysfunction - Learning, Development and Sensory
    Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ADHD,
    Learning Disabilities and Bipolar Disorder.
    London. Jessica Kingsley Publishers
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