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Romanticism

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Romanticism is a counter force to materialism of Industrial Rev. ... Two types of Romanticism. Transcendental probing the psychological to escape materialism. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Romanticism


1
Romanticism
  • 302 American Lit.
  • Mrs. Fudala

2
18th Century Age of Reason
  • Deism Reason provided by God (divinity in
    nature)
  • Rationalism - control over mind, nature, law,
    custom, art forms and reality.
  • Art reinforces politics, rule bound in poems,
    painting, prose.
  • Universe ordered and requires our understanding
    it to find security
  • At this time, the elite still ruled from the top.

3
19th Century Romanticism1830-1860
  • Emotion- Intuition and Imagination are guides.
  • Poems over essays and pamphlets
  • World as a symbol for those who can reach their
    spiritual potential
  • Romanticism is a counter force to materialism of
    Industrial Rev.

4
A journey both to something and from something
5
Subject Matter
  • Quest for beauty pure beauty
  • Interest in the past
  • Grotesque, Gothicism, sense of terror, fear
  • Escapism from American problems
  • Nature as source of knowledge of the primitive
  • Nature as refuge
  • Nature as revelation of God to the individual

6
Two types of Romanticism
  • Transcendental probing the psychological to
    escape materialism. Process is emphasized over
    conformity (dynamic vs. static).
  • Genteel similar to Harlequin Romances today.
    Stresses a well-made world. Imitates British
    authors.

7
Fireside Poets
  • Had something to prove
  • worked within European literary traditions
  • looked backward at European models
  • skillful but predictable rhythms
  • extremely popular
  • read around hearths and schools
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