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Journey Through the Bible

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538 36 - First group of exiles returns to Jerusalem. ... Haman filled with rage that Mordecai would not pay homage to him. V. 5 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Journey Through the Bible


1
Cyrus Cylinder .…As to the region from . . . as
far as Ashur and Susa, Akkad . . . , as well as
the towns of the Gutians, . . . . I also gathered
all their former inhabitants and returned to them
their habitations…. Photo British Museum
2
Journey Through the Bible
  • 3rd Cycle Return from Captivity

3
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Overview Timeline
  • 53938 - Cyruss decree permitting the Jews to
    return to Palestine
  • 53836 - First group of exiles returns to
    Jerusalem. Work on reconstruction of the temple
    began and was soon stopped.
  • 520 Work on the temple was resumed
  • 515 Temple completed and rededicated
  • 484 Story of Esther began
  • 479 Esther became queen
  • 458 Ezras return
  • 444 Nehemiah returned and rebuilt the walls of
    Jerusalem
  • 435 Malachis preaching and the end of the Old
    Testament.

Reference Ezra-Esther, Malachi
4
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Background to Jews returning to Jerusalem
  • 539 B.C. Persia overthrew Babylon
  • 538 B.C. Cyruss decree Jews to repopulate
    their land. Ez. 11-3
  • Cyrus acknowledges God. cp. Isa. 4428
  • Lets people go to (re)build the house of the
    Lord in Jerusalem.
  • Persian neighbors charged to help returnees with
    silver, gold, goods, livestock, freewil
    offerings.
  • Cyrus returned temples treasures. 17

Reference Ezra 1-2
5
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • 536 B.C. 42,360 Jews return. Ez. 264 Neh.
    766 (70 yrs since first Jews were deported in
    Babylonian captivity). cp. Jer. 2511-12
  • Appointed governors Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel
    took the temple treasures and people
    (respectively) back to Jerusalem. 111 22 (cp.
    Hag. 11)
  • Priests not registered in the genealogy were
    excluded from the priesthood. 262

Reference Ezra 1-2
6
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • After the Jews settled into their cities
  • Jerusalem/temple completely destroyed
  • Not even the foundation was left.
  • The Jews feared the people of the land. V. 3
  • 7th month (probably Jewish calendar) gathered
    together in Jerusalem.
  • This was a very important month for the Jews
    Feast of Trumpets Day of Atonement Feast of
    Tabernacles. Lev. 23
  • They built the bronze altar. V. 2-6
  • Freewill offerings made. V. 5

Reference Ezra 3
7
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • 2nd month 2nd yr 38-13
  • Zerubbabel and Jeshua (high priest) led the
    Levites in laying the temple foundation. V. 8
  • While the builders laid the foundation praise
    offered w/ vss. 10-11
  • Priests in their garments w/ trumpets.
  • Levites w/ cymbals.
  • There was a great cry when the foundation was
    laid vss. 12-13
  • The old men who saw the first temple wept.
  • The rest shouted for joy.

Reference Ezra 3
8
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Resistence to rebuilding the temple. vss. 1-5
  • Enemies (those who displaced the Israelites
    during Assyrian captivity) heard the temple was
    being rebuilt they asked to help
  • We seek your God as you do. v. 2
  • We have sacrificed to Him since Esarhaddon (king
    of Assyria) brought us here.
  • Zerubbabel (and heads) reject their offer. V. 3
  • People of the land hindered the work from then
    till king Darius Hired counselors against them.

Reference Ezra 4
9
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • NOTE Reign of Ahasuerus
  • If this Ahasuerus was a.k.a. Cambyses II then
    this would have taken place about somewhere
    between 530-522 B.C.
  • If this this the Ahasuerus (Xerxes) of the book
    of Ester, than this opposition for the
    rebuilding of the walls took place some thirty
    years later. 486-465 B.C.
  • Artaxerxes followed. 464 B.C.
  • But, the work was only stopped until Darius (522
    B.C.). Ezra 424

Reference Ezra 4
10
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Resistance to rebuilding Jerusalem. vss. 6-24
  • Accusation (letters) made against inhabitants of
    Judah and Jerusalem.
  • Written in the days of Artaxerxes
  • The Jews will not pay taxes once the city is
    built. V. 13
  • History of Jews rebellion against. V. 14ff
  • Persian kingdom threatened. V. 16
  • Artaxerxes heeded the letters warning against
    the Jews.

Reference Ezra 4
11
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Temple restoration resumed
  • 2nd yr of Darius (520 B.C.) Haggai and Zechariah
    prophesied to the people of Judah Hag. 11
    Zech. 11
  • Zerubbabel and Jeshua began building the temple.
    51-2
  • Prophets encouraged the people. Ez. 614 Hag. 24

Reference Ezra 5-6
12
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • While the temple restoration continued More
    hindrances 53-17
  • Tattenai (governor beyond the river)
    Sheth-Boznai and their companions Who has
    commanded you to build this temple and finish
    this wall? V. 3
  • Hindrance seen through the eyes of God
  • God reveals Satans work behind this hindrance.
    Zech. 31-5
  • But God is w/ them. V. 5

Reference Ezra 5-6
13
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Letter to/from king Darius 56612
  • Letter to the king (from Shethar-boznai) vss.
    6-17
  • History of the Jews sin, exile, return…rebuild of
    temple.
  • Search for Cyrus decree.
  • Kings reply letter 61-12
  • Cyrus decree found.
  • Keep yourselves from hindering the work. 66
  • Building at kings expense.
  • Destroy all who hinder the work of the temple.

Reference Ezra 5-6
14
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Temple completed
  • Tattenai Shethar-Boznai fulfilled the kings
    command diligently. V. 13
  • Temple completed in the 6th year of Darius (516
    B.C.)
  • 70 years completed
  • 605 535 B.C. first Jews taken captive till
    first Jews return to Jerusalem.
  • 586 516 B.C. Temple destroyed temple
    rebuilt.
  • Passover celebrated. 619-22

Reference Ezra 5-6 Temple completed Ezra 613-18
15
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • NOTE
  • There is a period of silence (57-58 yrs) in the
    book of Ezra, between chapters 6 and 7.
  • The book of Esther reveals the timeframe via in
    the days of Ahasuerus (a.k.a Xerxes who
    reigned over 127 provinces from India to
    Ethiopia).
  • The book of Esther most of it focuses on the
    12th year (the plot against the Jews) 474 B.C.

Reference Ester
16
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Context to Vashti being dethroned.
  • 3rd year of his reign (483 B.C.)
  • Another feast (7 days) for all people in Shushan.
    vss. 5-8
  • Vashti also made a feast for the royal women. V.
    9
  • She refuses to come before the people to show her
    beauty as the king charged angers the king. vss.
    10-12

Reference Esther 1 Queen Vashti dethroned
Esther 11-12
17
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Vashti dethroned.
  • The king consults his closest wise rulers
    (according to law) what shall we do with Queen
    Vashti… vss. 13-15
  • Reply make a decree
  • Reason for the decree lest women despise their
    husbands. vss. 16-18
  • Vashti to be replaced by one who is better than
    she. v. 19
  • All wives (great/small) will give honor to their
    husbands. V. 20-22

Reference Esther 1 Queen Vashti dethroned
Esther 1
18
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Esther becomes Queen
  • After the kings anger settled most beautiful
    virgins from all provinces brought to Shushan.
    vss. 1-4
  • Esther also chosen and found favor with the
    kings eunuch over the women. vss. 8-9
  • She found favor with all, as well as the king,
    and made queen. V. 15-18
  • NOTE Mordecai instructed Esther not to reveal
    people or family. V. 10

Reference Esther 2 Esther chosen to replace
Vashti as queen. Esther 2
19
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Plot Against the King
  • In those days… 221
  • While Esther was queen, but before the 12th yr of
    Ahasuerus reign.
  • Two of the kings eunuchs sought to lay hands
    on the king.
  • Mordecai informs Esther who informed the king.
  • After verifying the plot, the men were hanged on
    a gallows (tree)
  • The account was written in the kings book of
    chronicles.

Reference Esther 2 Mordecai uncovers plot
against the king (Est. 221-23)
20
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Haman promoted
  • After these events… 31
  • After Mordecais help to the king in uncovering
    the plot.
  • Haman was promoted over all the princes. cp.
    113-14
  • The king commanded his servants to bow and pay
    homage to Haman
  • Mordecai refused to pay homage.
  • The servants tell Haman

Reference Esther 3 Haman promoted
21
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Hamans plot against the Jews.
  • Haman filled with rage that Mordecai would not
    pay homage to him. V. 5
  • Instead of killing Mordecai, Haman thought to
    kill all the Jews in the kingdom. V. 6
  • He cast lots (Pur) to determine what day and
    month he would have the Jews killed 13th day of
    12th month. V. 7, 13
  • He spoke evil against the Jews to the king so
    that the king would authorize their annihilation.
    vss. 8-15
  • Decree sent throughout kingdom. V. 14

Reference Esther 3 Hamans plot to kill the Jews
throughout the kingdom
22
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Esthers help needed
  • Mordecai hears of the edict and mourns wailed
    loudly and bitterly. V. 1
  • Esther learns of Hamans plot and Mordecais plea
    for her to intercede. vss. 2-12
  • Her initial reaction is the potential loss of her
    life
  • She hears Mordecais rebuttal potential loss of
    life for all Israel (vss. 13-14)
  • She concludes if I perish, I perish. V. 16

Reference Esther 4 Esthers help needed
23
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Esthers intercession
  • Esther prepares consecutive banquets for the king
    and Haman. 51-8
  • Haman still upset at Haman has gallows made for
    his death. 59-14
  • Chronicles read to the king
  • Learned of Mordecais aid. 61-9
  • Decides to honor him.
  • Has Haman to honor Mordecai. 610-14

Reference Esther 5-7 Esther intercedes
24
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Esthers intercession (cont.)
  • 2nd night of banquet
  • Esther pleas on behalf of the Jews. 71-4
  • In response to the king, Esther reveals Hamans
    plot. 75-6
  • Haman hanged on the gallows prepared for
    Mordecai. vss. 9-10

Reference Esther 5-7 Esther intercedes
25
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Mordecai promoted (Ch. 8)
  • Esther reveals her relationship to Mordecai.
  • The king gives Mordecai Hamans place of
    authority
  • Given the kings signet ring.
  • Esther makes him head over Hamans house.
  • Esther plead with the king to revoke his
    (earlier) decree against the Jews. 83-7
  • King also decree for Jews to avenge themselves
    and plunder those who attack them. vss. 8-17

Reference Esther 8 Mordecai promoted
26
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Feast of Purim (Ch. 9-10)
  • On the appointed day (13th day of 12th month)
    the Jews gained victory over their enemies. vss.
    1-15
  • However, the Jews did not plunder their enemies.
    V. 9
  • Mordecai records the event and declares a holiday
    (12th month 14-15th days) Feast of Purim. vss.
    16-32
  • Days of feasting.
  • Exchange food.
  • Give gifts to the poor.
  • Mordecais greatness. Ch. 10

Reference Esther 9-10 Feast of Purim (ch. 9)
Mordecais greatness (ch. 10)
27
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • 2nd return from captivity - Background
  • It is now 458 B.C. 58 yrs since the temple was
    completed.
  • It has been 16 yrs since Hamans plot against the
    Jews (feast of Pur celebrated annually)
  • The city of Jerusalem still did not have its
    walls repaired still at the mercy of their
    enemies.

Reference Ezra 7-10
28
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Summary Ezra requests to return to Jerusalem.
    71-10
  • Ezra priest and scribe, requests to go to
    Jerusalem
  • Year 458 B.C.
  • Journey (exactly 4 months) started on the 1st
    day of the 1st month till the 1st day of the 5th
    month
  • Some from Israel, Levites, singers, gatekeepers,
    temple servants also went with him.
  • Ezra had set his heart to study the law of the
    Lord and to practice it, and to teach His
    statutes and ordinances in Israel. V. 10

Reference Ezra 7-10 Summary of Ezras return to
Jerusalem (Ezra 71-10)
29
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Artaxerxes decree
  • In the 7th yr of his reign (458 B.C.) decree
    issued for the return of Jews. 711-26
  • All willing Jews could return with Ezra. V. 13
  • King (and counselors) have provided gold and
    silver as a free offering.
  • Money to be used for buying bulls, rams, grain,
    etc. for burnt/drink offerings.
  • Remainder of money used at Ezras discretion.
  • Whoever does not observe the decree punished. V.
    26
  • Ezra praises God. 727-28

Reference Ezra 7-10 Artaxerxes decree (Ezra
711-26)
30
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • The Journey from Babylon
  • Genealogy of those who journeyed. 81-14
  • Ezra sends for Levites (to minister at the temple
    in Jerusalem). 815-20
  • Fast proclaimed at river of Ahava before they
    left 821-23
  • They desired for protection from their enemies.
  • Ezra didnt want to ask the king for help when he
    spoke of how his God was with Israel.
  • God answers their prayers and provides safety.
    824-32

Reference Ezra 7-10 Journey to Jerusalem (Ezra
81-32)
31
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Ezra hears of mixed marriages
  • After settling in with the temple
    responsibilities rulers approached Ezra regarding
    the mixed marriages. 91-2
  • They intermingled with foreign wives. cp. Lev.
    1824-30
  • They also took their own daughters to be their
    wives or had their sons marry their sisters.
  • Rulers are foremost trespassers in this sin.

Reference Ezra 7-10 Ezra deals with mixed
marriages (Ezra 9-10)
32
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Ezras reaction to the mixed marriages. 93-4
  • Tore his clothing.
  • Pulled hair from his beard out.
  • Sat appalled.
  • Ezras prayer to God. 95-15
  • Acknowledges shame and Gods lovingkindness.
    95-9
  • You our God have requited us less than our
    iniquities deserve.…No one can stand before You
    because of this. 1010-15

Reference Ezra 7-10 Ezra deals with mixed
marriages (Ezra 9-10)
33
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Israel ready to make reconciliation with God
  • Large assembly make confession before Ezra We
    have been unfaithful to our God and have married
    foreign women from the peoples of the land yet
    now there is hope for Israel in spite of this.
    101-2
  • They make a covenant to put away their (unlawful)
    wives. V. 3
  • They encourage Ezra to be courageous and they
    would stand behind him. V. 4

Reference Ezra 7-10 Ezra deals with mixed
marriages (Ezra 9-10)
34
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Ezra demands wives put away according to the law.
    105-44
  • Made the leaders to take an oath to fulfill the
    covenant.
  • Ezras proclamation assemble at Jerusalem within
    3 days
  • Those who did not come their possessions
    forfeited w/drawn from the other exiles.
  • Demands their confession and repentance. 1011-12
  • They request a means by which to implement the
    putting away of their wives. 1013-17
  • List of offenders. 1018-44

Reference Ezra 7-10 Ezra deals with mixed
marriages (Ezra 9-10)
35
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • NOTE Nehemiah brings 3rd return from captivity
  • 1st return 535-6 B.C. (Sheshbazzar/Zerubbabel).
    Ezra 1-6
  • 2nd return 458 B.C. (Ezra). Ezra 7-10
  • 3rd return 445 B.C. (Nehemiah). Nehemiah
  • Walls rebuilt (52 days! Neh. 615). Neh. 1-7
  • Reforms of the people/worship. Neh. 8-13

36
Ezra-Esther-Nehemiah
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
Chart Talk Through the Bible. Page 126
37
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Background of Malachi
  • Contemporary of Nehemiah (traditional dating
    432-425 B.C.).
  • State of Israel
  • Corrupt priests
  • Hypocrisy
  • Infidelity
  • Mixed marriages
  • False worship
  • Book written in a question and answer format.

Reference Malachi Background during days of
Malachi
38
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • God pure love for Israel. (11-5)
  • God states His love for Israel. V. 2
  • Their response In what way have You loved us? V.
    2
  • He illustrates His love for them vss. 2-5
  • Jacob (Israel) I have loved.
  • Esau (Edom) I have hated.
  • There is a contrast between the land of
    wickedness and a land of holiness.

Reference Malachi God loves a defiled nation
(Mal. 11-5)
39
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Corrupt Priests (16-29)
  • They despise the name of the Lord. vss. 6-14
  • No honor given to God.
  • Defiled food offered blind, lame, sick
  • Their attitude The table of the Lord is
    contemptible
  • They profane His name.
  • They are wearied in offering pure sacrifices to
    Him
  • Therefore the Lord curses the priests. 21-9
  • Descendents taken away. V. 3
  • They are contemptible. V. 9

Reference Malachi Israel a corrupt nation (Mal.
16-29)
40
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Corrupt people (210-16)
  • They knowingly practiced idolatry. 210-13
  • Their idolatry is likened unto a marriage
    covenant that was not respected.
  • NOTE vss. 12-16 could also illustrate a parallel
    between their physical marriages that were not
    held to the spiritual marriage their forsook with
    God.

Reference Malachi Ezra deals with mixed
marriages (Ezra 9-10)
41
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • The coming Messenger. Ch. 31-7
  • Behold, I send My messenger, and he will prepare
    the way before Me.
  • No one will be able to stand before him.
  • He will purify the sons of Levi.
  • Then the offering will be acceptable before God.
  • In fulfillment John the Baptist did as
    prophesied. cp. Matt. 117-10

Reference Malachi Ezra deals with mixed
marriages (Ezra 9-10)
42
Ezra-Esther, Malachi
Silence
Return From Captivity
Captivity
  • Jews return to Jerusalem
  • Temple foundation laid
  • Temple work hindered
  • Temple rebuilt
  • Book of Esther during this period
  • Ezra sent to enforce law
  • Malachi rebukes the Jews
  • Coming of the Great Day (Ch. 4)
  • Coming of the Lord. vss. 1-3
  • The day is coming burning like an oven.
  • The burning shall leave neither root nor branch
  • Healing will come to those who fear His name
  • Coming of Elijah. vss. 4-6
  • I send you Elijah…before the coming of the great
    and fearful day of the Lord. V. 5
  • Fulfilled by John the Baptist. Matt. 1111-15

Reference Malachi Ezra deals with mixed
marriages (Ezra 9-10)
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