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Community of Practice Activities


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Title: Community of Practice Activities

Community of Practice Activities
  • Update for the
  • Emerging Technology Subcommittee
  • Brand Niemann and Susan Turnbull
  • September 16, 2003

  • 1. Communities of Practice.
  • 2. Semantic Technologies for eGov.
  • 3. Implementing Component-Based Government
    Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web
  • 4. Web Services Best Practices.
  • 5. SBIR for eGov and

1. Communities of Practice
  • Communities of Practice are emerging as
    cross-boundary, organizational structures to
    address service themes - health, justice, etc.
  • They are networked improvement communities,
    crossing multiple sectors and government
  • They are comprised of early adopters and frontier
    outpost groups most interested to understand how
    to use social organizing and technology
    leveraging tools.
  • Our workshops bring in "scouts" from these
    groups, but so far, are not an entire Community
    of Practice. People appreciate that at the
    workshops and we are learning how to organize
    toward the needed collaborations that require
    "actionable" forms for sound outcomes. We know we
    need to learn how to build stronger relationships
    and a means to create jointly-held business
    processes, so that future technology solutions
    can augment sound processes, and in turn, deliver
    needed results. As someone said at a recent
    workshop, "Technology will go nowhere unless
    people work together, and keep working together
    throughout the process."

1. Communities of Practice
  • To advance the shared understanding needed to
    advance cross-organization business processes, in
    light of FEA, Communities of Practice (CoP) are
    forming that draw together expertise from
    multiple domains. The Emerging Technology
    Subcommittee will continue to learn how to
    establish, deploy and interact with relevant
    Communities of Practice by building upon the
    expertise of early CoP leaders that include
  • CIO Councils Knowledge Management Working Group
  • http//
  • Department of Navy Knowledge Management Community
    of Practice, CIO Office
  • http//
  • Department of Energy, Nuclear Engineering
    Institute and
  • The World Bank.

1. Communities of Practice
  • We will use FEA models, "proof of concept"
    pilots, and workshops to advance
  • (1) Authoritative Communities of Practice (CoP)
    around Common Business Lines
  • (2) Agile Frameworks for building
    intergovernmental services through knowledge
    repositories, and
  • (3) Emergence of open standards, semantic web
    services technologies to "distill" context-aware
    data and services needed by people and machines
    to solve problems within complex, adaptive

1. Communities of Practice
  • The Emerging Technology Subcommittee has three
    Working Groups that are graduating or evolving to
    become Communities of Practice or
  • XML Owen Ambur (DOI/FWS) and Lee Ellis (GSA).
  • XML Web Services Brand Niemann (EPA).
  • Collaboration Expedition Susan Turnbull (GSA).
  • What we have been doing recently relates closely
    to our new Charter and Leadership Direction!

A open collaboration with open standards
community that focuses on doing things that
actually can and should be put into fairly
common practice.
2. Semantic Technologies for eGov
Note Our purpose is to try flatten the curve for
the Semantic Web.
Five to 10 years Less than two years
Semantic Web
Web-Services-Enabled Business Models
External Web Services Deployments
Extensible Business Reporting Language
Internal Web Services
Note Non-Web Services omitted.
Technology Trigger
Peak of Inflated Expectations
Trough of Disillusionment
Slope of Enlightenment
Plateau of Productivity
Source Gartner as of July 2003.
2. Semantic Technologies for eGov
  • Hype Cycle for Government Technologies, 2003
    (Gartner Strategic Analysis report, June 13,
  • Semantic Web
  • Definition Extends the World Wide Web through
    semantic markup languages such as Resource
    Description Framework (RDF), Web Ontology
    Language (OWL), and Topic Maps that describes
    entities and their relationships in the
    underlying document (see Innovative Approaches
    for Improving Information Supply, M-14-3517).
  • Time to Plateau/Adoption Speed Five to 10 Years.
  • Justification for Hype Cycle Position/Adoption
    Speed So far, there has been little deployment
    of the Semantic Web and there is a significant
    skill shortage.
  • Business Impact Areas Can affect the management
    of public sector information. Can provide
    breakthroughs to make the most of government
    metadata modeling.
  • Analysis By Alex Linden.

2. Semantic Technologies for eGov
  • September 8th Conference at the White House
    Conference Center
  • Part 1 in the Morning
  • The W3Cs Semantic Web Activity.
  • CIOs Perspective (Kim Nelson, EPA)
  • Data Independence and Semantic Web Roadmap.
  • The Emerging Vendor Landscape.
  • The Gallery and the Vendors.
  • Audience Participation.
  • Gallery Lunch.
  • Part 2 in the Afternoon
  • Pilots.
  • Interactive Panels of Problem Owners and Solution
  • Closing Keynote.
  • Closing Remarks, Awards, and Some Next Steps.

Wants help with Community of Practice (CoP) of
those supporting states with XML Schema
development and exchange of XML data!
2. Semantic Technologies for eGov
  • The Federal Government has a Chief Information
    Officer (CIO) Council
  • The former Chair was Mark Forman, the eGov Chief,
    and the Vice Chair is Karen Evans who is now the
    new eGov Chief!
  • Karen Evans supports Semantic XML Web Services
    in her December 17, 2002, CIO Council Vision
  • We see the Councils mission as. developing
    taxonomy and XML data definitions that apply
    across government so the information we create
    can be shared and easily accessed regardless of
    its origins.

3. Implementing Component-Based Government
Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web Services
  • Enterprise Architecture 2003 Conference,
    September 10-12th Presentation Outline
  • 1. The CIO Councils Architecture and
    Infrastructure Committee.
  • 2. Semantic Technologies for eGov.
  • 3. Repurposing Government Enterprise Architecture
    Documents Into Semantic Web Services.
  • 4. Components Registry and Repository
  • 4.1 Basic Working Implementation of the
  • 4.2 Taxonomies with FEA Reference Models.
  • 4.3 Example of Components.
  • 4.4 XML Schema Components.
  • 4.5 Component-Oriented Programming with .NET.

3. Implementing Component-Based Government
Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web Services
  • The CIO Councils Architecture and Infrastructure
    Committee Leadership wants more collaboration
    across all three Subcommittees so from
  • Emerging Technology select Semantic Web
  • Components select Registry and Repository (Task
  • Governance select Government Enterprise
    Architecture Framework and Data and Information
    Reference Model (Goal 3).
  • This brings about a union, an index, a tool, a
    repository, a super-set, a hierarchy, etc. of
    component-based architectures and components
    themselves (A Proposal for Reducing Redundancy in
    and Improving the Quality of Federal, State,
    Local, and Tribal Information, OMB, FEA PMO,
    August 27, 2003).
  • Note The FEAC Institute wants to explore
    supplementing its Virtual University
    collaboration, instruction, and exams with
    something like this (Felix Rausch, Executive
    Director, FEAC Certificate Program, August 4,
  • See Session 3-6 - Technologies for EA Future
    Vision (XML, Topic Maps, repositories,
    Ontologies, etc.).

3. Implementing Component-Based Government
Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web Services
Semantic Web Services
Agency 1
Agency 2
Government Data and Information Reference Model
State 1
Local 1
State 2
Local 2
Component Registry Repository
Adapted from Reeves and Bernard, How FEA
Reference Models Impact Agency-Wide Strategies,
Enterprise Architecture 2003, September 10-12.
3. Implementing Component-Based Government
Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web Services
  • Integrate content from FEAPMO, NASCIO, IAC,
    Agencies (Federal and State), etc. and across the
    three CIOC AIC Subcommittees.
  • Add structure, interoperability (XML),
    interlinking and search.
  • Standardize terminology (on way to Government
    Core Ontology and smart data) for machine EA
    tool processing.
  • Include XML Schemas and structured data (forms).
  • Show best practices of standards-based, reusable,
    interoperable components.

See http//
Governance, Components, and Emerging Technology
3. Implementing Component-Based Government
Enterprise Architecture with Semantic Web Services
  • NASCIO Enterprise Architecture Development
    Tool-Kit v2.0
  • The sunset component will have a date of
    discontinuance identified, indicating the date
    that the component will no longer be acceptable
    for use within the architecture.
  • Twilight components are those that are in use but
    do not conform to the stated Business/Technology
    Drivers or Technology Architecture Blueprints.
    The components have no date of discontinuance
    identified. These Components should not be used
    to develop new applications. Extensive
    modifications to these systems should be reviewed
    to determine if the system should be redeployed
    completely using newer technology.
  • Current components are defined as those having
    met the requirements of the enterprise
    architecture. These represent the recommended
    Components that should be used in deployment of
    technology solutions.
  • Emerging products are those that have potential
    to become current architecture blueprint
    components. While identified as Emerging, these
    Components should be used only in pilot or test
    environments and under highly controlled
    regulations. After sufficient testing, these
    Components may become current or may be
    identified non-compliant or non-functional in the
    organizations environment. Use of these
    components requires a variance that must be
    documented and approved through the compliance

4. Web Services Best Practices
  • September 24th,Web Services Best Practices
    Workshop, White House Conference Center, Agenda
  • Web Services Case Studies (930 a.m.)
  • Client-business portal and major application
  • Best Practices for Web Services Development
    (1045 a.m.)
  • Interoperability issues with WSDL and XML
    Schemas, design patterns architectures, and
    development and testing practices.
  • Web Services Emerging Standards (115 p.m.)
  • Web Services Security and Web Services
  • Comparison of BPEL4WS and WSCI.
  • Web Services Management (3 p.m.)
  • Monitoring and metering SOAP messages, etc.

Registration Web Site http//
4. Web Services Best Practices
  • Component-Oriented Programming
  • Component-oriented programming is the predominant
    software development methodology.
  • Attain much greater reusability, extensibility,
    and maintainability than giant, monolithic,
    hard-to-maintain code bases.
  • Lead to faster time-to-market, more robust and
    highly scalable applications, and lower
    development and long-term maintenance costs.
  • Current component technologies have their
    drawbacks (DCOM is too difficult to master, Java
    doesnt support interoperation with other
    languages, etc.).
  • .NET, the newest entrant, is unique and vastly
    easier to use, because .NET architects learned
    from the mistakes of previous technologies.
  • Component-oriented programming is different from
    object-oriented programming although the two
    methodologies have things in common.
  • A component is a .NET class and every .NET class
    is a binary component.

Source Programming .Net Components - Design and
Build Maintainable Systems Using Component-Oriente
d Programming, Chapter 1 (free) - Introducing
Component-Oriented Programming, Juval Lowy,
O'Reilly Books, 2003. Note Future Phase 2 of the
XML Web Services for E-Gov Pilots Meeting Topic.
5. SBIR for eGov and
  • Fostering a Component Technology Marketplace for
    eGovernment with the SBIR/STTR.
  • The SBIR for eGov Pilots Team
  • Maurice Swinton, Assistant Administrator, Office
    of Technology (SBIR/STTR), US SBA, 202-205-6450,
  • Brand Niemann, 202-566-1657,
  • Susan Turnbull, 202-501-6214, susan.turnbull_at_gsa.g
  • Tony Stanco, 202-994-5513,
  • More to be added.

5. SBIR for eGov and
  • Forms
  • Company/Entrepreneur Proposing eGovernment
  • Government Agency Looking for eGovernment
  • Venture Capital/Angel Investor Willing to Fund a
    Company/Entrepreneur Proposing eGovernment
  • Government Agency with a SBIR Program Willing to
    fund a Company/Entrepreneur and Hand-off the SBIR
    Project to the Venture Community in Phase III
  • Other Interested Party Seeking to Help

5. SBIR for eGov and
  • The Emerging Technology Subcommittees Emerging
    Components Conference Series, June 26th Workshop,
    Draft Recommendations
  • 1. The SBA's SBIR and CIO Council's AIC
    communities of interest should collaborate to
    foster small business innovation and development
    of eGovernment information technology components.
    (The work of the CIO Council's AIC to incubate
    E-Forms for E-Gov IT component pilots in support
    of SBA's Business Compliance One-Stop eGov
    Initiative is a good example of how this can
  • 2. The CIO Council's AIC should provide both
    government-wide and agency-specific topics for
    eGov IT component pilots to the SBA's SBIR
    Program and participate in the SBA's periodic
    meetings with SBIR participating agencies and
    peer review panels.
  • 3. A viable and sustainable three -stage process
    should be built by a partnership between the
    SBA's SBIR Program, the CIO Council's AIC, and
    the venture capital community to foster an eGov
    IT components marketplace and government-industry
    registry and repository of reusable IT
  • 4. The collaborative communities of interest
    should promote this activity at events like the
    National Entrepreneurial Conference and Expo,
    September 17-19, 2003, and subsequent regional
    town hall meetings, CIO Council Meetings and
    Workshops, and other jointly agreed upon venues.

5. SBIR for eGov and
Small Businesses
Venture Capitalists
5. SBIR for eGov and
Proposed Relationship to SBIR - A public-private
  • This opens two doors for
  • small businesses
  • GSA Schedule, and
  • Venture Capitalists.

Government (eGov/FEA)
Venture Capitalists (eGov/FEA)
Small Businesses (eGov/FEA)
Meets Competition and Contractual Requirements
in SBIR Phase I and II allowing for sole-source
contracts and pre-vetted Venture Capital Support
in Phase III.
5. SBIR for eGov and
  • (1) Inform, encourage, and assist agencies with
    eGovernment Component Technology topics that
    would be useful to their agencies and others
    starting at the SBIR Agency Meeting on September
  • (2) Set as a goal for FY 2004 the funding of
    about 1 of the SBIR/STTR projects in support of
    eGovernment Component Technology.
  • (3) Conduct the regular Emerging Components
    Conference Series starting at the National
    Entrepreneurial Conference and Expo, September
    17-19, 2003, and subsequent regional town hall
    meetings, etc. (http//
  • 2003 NASVF Conference, Presentation, November
    2-5, 2003 (http//
  • Web-Enabled Government 2004 Conference, February
    3-5, 2004, Proposed Session (http//
  • FOSE 2004, Regular Emerging Component Conference,
    March 23-25, 2004 (http//

Will include vendor interoperability
demonstrations (c.f. http//
5. SBIR for eGov and
  • Top 10 Reasons to Seek SBIR / STTR Funding
  • 10. Over 1.6 Billion available.
  • 9. NOT A LOAN - no repayment.
  • 8. Provides recognition, verification and
  • 7. Potential leveraging tool to attract venture
    capital/other sources of .
  • 6. Fosters partnerships (e.g., large
    corporations, academia).
  • 5. Creates jobs and stimulates local, state and
    national economies.
  • 4. Provides seed money to fund high risk
  • 3. Intellectual property rights are normally
    retained by the small business.
  • 2. Small business concerns are recognized as a
    unique national resource of technological
  • 1. To make economic and societal contributions to