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Mechanical Engineering Senior Design Projects at Bradley University

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Title: Mechanical Engineering Senior Design Projects at Bradley University


1
Mechanical Engineering Senior Design Projects at
Bradley University
  • Course Coordinator
  • Dr. Scott L. Post
  • Assistant Professor
  • Mechanical Engineering

2
ME 410/411 Senior Design
  • This is a capstone senior design project. It is
    an opportunity for you to participate in a
    realistic design process on a design team and on
    real design challenges. The structure and
    conditions under which you will work are modeled
    after those to which you will likely be exposed
    after graduation as a practicing engineer in
    industry.

3
About Me
  • Undergrad University of Missouri-Columbia
  • Grad School Purdue
  • Previous Teaching Experience Michigan Tech
  • Expertise in Diesel Engines and Aerodynamics
  • Engine Research supported by CAT, John Deere,
    Detroit Diesel, Cummins, Dept. of Energy, Army
    Research Office
  • Aerodynamics Research supported by NASA
  • Additional support by National Science Foundation
  • Experience in running engine test cell,
    alternative fuels, high-speed photography, laser
    velocimetry, computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

4
This is Not a Class
  • There is no Homework
  • There are no Quizzes
  • There are no Exams
  • There is no Final
  • There are no points
  • There are only… Deliverables

5
Deliverables
  • Deliverables are tangible items that can be
    physically transferred to the client.
  • Hardware - prototypes, testing apparatus, models
  • Software
  • Reports
  • Each engineering team and client must negotiate a
    list of deliverables that satisfy the clients
    needs.
  • The client, the advisor, and the students must
    sign an agreement specifying the list of
    deliverables. (the Proposal)
  • Default on the deliverables results in a grade of
    Incomplete and postpones graduation.

6
Additional Student Responsibilities
  • Budget Tracking
  • Intellectual Property
  • Maintain Log Books
  • Meeting Agendas
  • Milestone Tracking
  • Performance Evaluations (MDC Form)
  • Progress Reports
  • Purchase requests
  • Recovery Plans
  • Travel Requests
  • Weekly Meetings
  • Weekly Task Sheets

7
Results Oriented
  • The vast majority of teams since 1999 have
    transferred all deliverables to their clients on
    time.
  • A few teams have defaulted. They did not graduate
    until they completed the transfer.
  • Students will be fired for non-performance.
    This has happened more than once.
  • A warning is given first and the student is place
    on probation

8
Why do the Clients Sponsor Projects?
  • All Deliverables
  • Intellectual Property
  • 1200 Studenthours of engineering work
  • 40 Facultyhours of technical advice
  • Visibility to all of the senior class
  • Early access to graduates
  • Visibility on the departments web page

9
Course Objectives
  • 1) To provide a realistic experience in the
    practice of engineering design as applied to
    mechanical engineering.
  • 2) To develop the ability to work on teams under
    the guidance of supervision to meet the needs of
    a client in industry (or other external
    agencies).
  • 3) To develop an engineering solution under
    realistic schedule and budget constraints for a
    relevant and unique open ended project.
  • 4) Continue the development of practices,
    personal traits, and ethical behavior that are
    required by a successful, professional engineer.

10
Course Description
  • The faculty develops 14-17 new projects each year
  • Spans the fall and spring semesters of each
    students senior year
  • Student teams are required to provide an
    engineering solution to a clients need
  • The solution includes some design activity
  • The students are grouped in teams of 3-4
  • Requires a commitment of about 400 hours per
    student, 1200-1600 hours per project
    (12 hours per week per student)

11
Course Information
  • Classroom Jobst 114
  • Tuesday Thursday 1200-100 PM
  • Office Jobst 315
  • email slpost_at_bradley.edu
  • If you can not find me in my office, email is the
    preferred mode of contact. I am more likely to
    respond quickly to an email than a voicemail
  • phone 677-2738

12
Course Prerequisites
  • Senior Standing
  • Graduation within two to three semesters
  • December 2008 graduation is latest for this year
  • Academic plan required for December graduates
  • Consent of Instructor
  • Signed IP form

13
Course Information
  • Text Book
  • Engineering Design, by G.E. Dieter
  • Suggested
  • The Mechanical Design Process, Second Edition
    by D. G. Ullman
  • Writing Style and Standards in Undergraduate
    Reports, by Jeter Donnell
  • Prerequisites
  • Senior in ME, Graduation by December, 2008,
    completed IP agreement
  • Course Web Site
  • httphilltop.bradley.edu/spost/me410

14
Expectations
  • You will be expected to exhibit responsible and
    ethical behavior. It is your responsibility to
    complete the assigned work prior to deadlines and
    to the best of your ability. It is your
    responsibility to initiate questions and find
    answers. Each team will be expected to maintain
    a portfolio that documents the experience,
    demonstrates the quality of your work, and
    validates your solution.

15
Academic Integrity
  • Plagiarism is the only issue we might encounter
    in this course. Plagiarism is taking credit for
    somebody elses work, even inadvertedly (see
    Stephen P. Ambrose).
  • The solution When in doubt, use
    footnotes/endnotes/ other documentation to cite
    the sources you use.
  • If you have questions, ask when we discuss report
    writing.

16
Work Environment
  • We try to simulate an industry work environment
    with an eye towards profitability.
  • The approach is to plan the work, then work the
    plan.
  • Each team is under-staffed, under-funded, and
    overworked (i.e. profitable)
  • There is little margin for error. We expect first
    time quality under time pressure.
  • The students understand up-front that failure to
    deliver will postpone graduation.

17
Course Requirements
  • Written Proposal to the client (October)
  • Executive Summary
  • Problem Discussion
  • Technical Work Plan
  • Budget Requirements
  • List of Deliverables (Mandatory Delivery)
  • Client Sign-Off
  • Oral Proposal Presentation (October)
  • Delivered to Faculty and Peers
  • Clients Invited

18
Course Requirements (cont)
  • Written Progress Report (December)
  • Reviewed by English Advisor
  • Reviewed by Faculty
  • Delivered to Client
  • Oral Progress Report (February)
  • Delivered to Faculty and Peers
  • Clients Invited
  • Oral Final Report (April)
  • Delivered to Faculty and Peers
  • Delivered to Clients on Location
  • Written Final Report (May)

19
Course Regulations
  • At some time during the course you will probably
    need to
  • Travel
  • Buy things
  • Print Pages
  • Copy things
  • Call people
  • If you want to be reimbursed you must follow the
    prescribed procedures

20
Course Regulations
  • To get reimbursed for any course-related
    expenses, there are two things you have to do
  • Get pre-approval (request form)
  • Submit a reimbursement form after expenses have
    been incurred

21
Travel Request
  • Prior to travel you must complete and process a
    Travel Request Worksheet.
  • The Travel Request Worksheet informs the
    university where, when, and why you will be
    traveling and serves as permission
  • It also authorizes travel expenses

22
Purchase Requests
  • Prior to any purchase you must complete and
    process a Purchase Request Worksheet.
  • The Purchase Request Worksheet authorizes your
    purchase and is required for reimbursement
  • You will not be reimbursed if you have not
    completed a worksheet
  • All purchases must be authorized by Dr. Mehta.

23
Purchases
  • Student purchases and reimbursement are the most
    common source for difficulties, anxiety, and hard
    feelings in this course
  • I suggest you use normal university purchasing
    mechanisms
  • If you choose to make a purchase with your own
    resources keep careful records and document the
    process

24
University Purchasing Mechanisms
  • Purchase Orders
  • Plan well in advance and complete a PRW
  • Submit the PRW to Gayle after signatures
  • Gayle will get Dr. Mehtas signature and process
    the purchase order
  • University Checks
  • Plan well in advance and complete a PRW
  • Submit the PRW to Gayle after signatures
  • Gayle will get Dr. Mehtas signature and request
    a university check

25
University Purchasing Mechanisms
  • University Credit Cards
  • This should be your last option!
  • Complete the PRW. In addition to the normal
    signatures, you must get Dr. Mehtas signature
    prior to the purchase.
  • You cannot use the credit card. You must submit
    the PWR to the card holder and the card holder
    must make the purchase.
  • Do not expect immediate turn-around. Failure to
    plan on your part is not our problem.

26
Teams and Teamwork
27
Proposal for a Team Leader
  • The team leader will be appointed by the team
    advisor and the course coordinator
  • The team leader is NOT in charge
  • He/she does NOT tell the other members what to do
  • Primary responsibility is scheduling
  • Other positions Controller, webmaster

28
Team Web Page
  • Each Team should develop a web page and have Deb
    post it within the next week. (It will be
    updated later)
  • The web page must be authorized by the client (no
    proprietary info).
  • The web page should include
  • Team number project title
  • Team members contact information
  • Advisor
  • Background
  • We can build a firewall for the clients
    protection

29
Team Meetings
  • Minimum of one meeting/week - 1 hr
  • advisor
  • agenda
  • minutes
  • old business
  • new business
  • task sheet
  • Pick a regular meeting location and time. Avoid
    changing these.
  • (I want to know when where)

30
Team Meetings
  • Be on time. Start on time.
  • Start the meeting by distributing the agenda.
  • Rotate the responsibility of recording the
    minutes
  • Facilitate participation from everyone.
  • Document attendance
  • Do not cancel meetings

31
Meeting Agendas
  • Agenda should include
  • Team Number Project Title
  • Date Time
  • Attendance
  • Announcements
  • Old Business
  • Review of work
  • Review of budget
  • Review of schedule
  • New Business
  • Planning (Task Sheets)
  • See Example

32
Project Log
  • Each team must purchase a bound logbook to record
    all team activities.
  • The logbook is a legal document.
  • All creative design activity must be documented
    in a bound log as legal evidence of origin of
    work.
  • Every team member must write a personal account
    of individual work done during the past week and
    sign the entry.

33
Project Log
  • Team members must make a minimum of one entry
    every week (more often is desired.)
  • If you do not have anything to put in the logbook
    - that is a sign
  • The team leader should log in the results of any
    administrative activity, as well as all group
    meetings and site visits.
  • The logs must be kept in the design room and be
    accessible to team members and advisors.

34
Project Log
  • Sketches, designs and graphs may be pasted in the
    log, along with the date and signature of the
    team member responsible.
  • Maintaining the logbook is one of the most
    important practices of this design activity.

35
Course Structure
Course Coordinator Solicits Projects Assigns
Teams Monitors Progress
…
…
36
Summary
  • The mechanical engineering department has a
    unique senior design opportunity for both
    students and clients.
  • The first goal is to simulate an industrial work
    environment in an academic setting to culminate
    an undergraduate career.
  • The second goal is to deliver value to our
    clients on time and on budget.

37
Questions?
Thank-you for your time.
  • Dr. Scott Post
  • Bradley University
  • 1501 W. Bradley Ave.
  • Peoria, IL 61625
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