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SCAN Academic Trends


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Title: SCAN Academic Trends

SCANAcademic Trends Career Markets
  • External Mandates
  • k-16
  • Internationalization/Globalization
  • Expand mission to include Continuing ed.,
    Professional development,
  • certifications
  • Experiential Learning
  • Academic workload
  • Faculty Demographics
  • General Education

External MandatesAccreditation
  • Growing number of programs face accreditation
    and/or external review
  • Accreditation requirements for some programs
    impact all programs
  • Growing costs associated with accreditation and
    program approval process

External MandatesShared Governance
  • Mandated by USM 10/04/96
  • amended 8/25/00
  • Workload impact of mandate debated
  • Policy requirement for proper level of resources
    for those involved

External MandatesFunding Sources
  • Higher Education becoming more accountable to
    funding sources at time when funding is shrinking
  • Self regulation vs. government regulation of
    Higher education
  • Increased federal regulation
  • Limited state resources
  • Rising educational costs
  • Growing demand for accessibility and equity

Academic Trends K-16
  • Strengthen K-16 connections in assessment,
    accountability and professional development
  • Business communitys growing influence in K-16
  • Sixteen states on board through NASH
  • Being driven by MHEC, MSDE and USM

Academic Trends K-16 Cont.
  • Two year to four articulation proliferates
  • Two year institutions given pre-professional
    degree programs
  • Identification of Learning Outcomes for Higher
    Education Institutions

Internationalization Globalization Efforts on
College Campuses
  • Push/Pull of Globalization
  • Strong public support and student interest in
  • Discouraging picture of current
    internationalization ethos on campuses

Questions that every campus should be asking
  • To what extent is global learning articulated as
    a goal of undergraduate education at the
  • Does the institutions general education
    curriculum include global perspectives?
  • Do collaborative activities with institutions in
    other countries affect the experience of

Continued Questioning
  • Do the international activities of faculty
    members have an impact on undergraduates?
  • How does the institution implicitly or explicitly
    encourage or discourage study abroad?
  • To what extent do academic policies and
    practices, including promotion, tenure criteria
    and faculty development opportunities, emphasize
    and reward teaching and learning with a global

Best Practices Case Studies
  • Appalachian State University
  • Expanded short-term Study Abroad
  • Encouraged semester and academic year aboard
  • Increased international student exchange for one
    semester with partner institutions

Best Practices Case Studies
  • Arcadia University
  • Identified internationalization as key focus in
    reaccredidation in 1999 five goals
  • Expanded well-known London Preview Program
  • Required freshmen interdisciplinary course,
    Justice and Multicultural Interpretation
  • Set foreign language requirement
  • Set study abroad opportunities as component of
    each academic department description

Best Practices Case Studies
  • -SUNY Binghamton
  • Set internationalization as one of three
    overarching institutional priorities
  • Developed campus-wide vision with set of specific
    action objectives
  • Developed two new curricular programs
  • International Studies Certificate Program
    program of language study, cross-cultural
    courses, experience learning, and independent
    study capstone project taken parallel with major
  • Global Studies Integrated Curriculum 40 credit

Best Practices Case Studies
  • -Indiana University (Bloomington)
  • Has had a reputation as an international
    university for more than 50 years
  • Instituted new strategic directions charter
    with one plank dedicated to strengthening
    international programs in teaching and research
  • Supported implementation of internationalized
    curricula in new fields
  • Established international studies summer
    institute for high school students
  • Improved contact and programming for
    international alumni

A few universities offer academic credit to Peace
Corps volunteers
  • At Humboldt State University, program is part of
    TESOL degree in which students take most of
    required courses on campus, and then earn
    remaining credits applying their knowledge as
  • Peace Corp is trying to forge more links with
    higher education institutions especially in
    areas of master degrees in international
    programs, and in medicine, technology, and

Academic ProgrammingMission Issues for
Comprehensive Institutions
  • Carnegie Classifications significance
  • Character of State Colleges -- not so hot/hot
  • New academic programs/focus in demand and/or
  • Ethnic-studies programs
  • Climate science

  • Employers highly value -- leading recruiting
    tool ¾ have internship program
  • Nearly all Universities have internship programs
    concentrated in business, healthcare, and

Service Learningcommunity volunteering
  • Student involvement 28 growing at 68
    schools, Liberal Arts
  • Faculty involvement 13,
  • obstacles - teaching load lack time
  • Institutional Support SL courses,
    centers,directors, work study
  • Common issues tutoring (esp. reading),
    mentoring, housing / homelessness, environment,
    hunger, health, voter issues
  • Populations served low-income, youth, minority
    groups, homeless, elderly, non-English speaking

Civic Engagement
  • Teach civic skills to participate in a democratic
  • (critical thinking, public deliberation,
    involvement, tolerance, collective action, etc.)
  • Fluid concept Growth on campuses
  • Main activities thus far
  • Undergrad ed. reform, student service learning
    exposure to diversity/multicultural issues,
    leadership development
  • University-Community partnerships, esp. K-12
  • Public policy development faculty development
  • Missing emphasis -- Increased citizens activism
    w/ Governments.
  • Trend issue Translating service learning into
    real civic engagement, civic skills, and interest
    in politics.

Undergraduate Research
  • Growth on campuses -- more, larger, and longer
    conferences, greater diversity of disciplines
  • NSF program to encourage

Career Markets
Fastest Growing Occupations
  • Computer Software engineer, applications
  • Computer Software, systems software
  • Network computer systems administrator
  • Network systems data communications analyst
  • Database Administrator
  • Computer System analyst
  • Physician Assistant
  • Teacherscareer/technology , computer science,
    ESOL, German, Spanish, Math, Chemistry, Physics,
    special ed., speech.

Whos in Demand?  
  • Demand focuses on Technical degrees
  • at Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral
  • Electrical EngineeringAccountingMechanical
    EngineeringManagement Information
    SystemsMarketing/marketing management
  • ALSO
  • Nurses, pharmacist,teachers

Skills Employers Seek
  • Communications
  • Skills (verbal written)
  • Honesty/integrity
  • Teamwork
  • Interpersonal skills (relates well to others)
  • Strong work ethic
  • Motivation initiative
  • Flexibility adaptability
  • Analytical skills
  • Computer Skills
  • Organizational Skills

Career Earnings by Educational Attainment
  • No high school-16,053
  • HS-23,594
  • Bachelors-43,782
  • Advanced Degree-64,473
  • The earnings of those with advanced degrees have
    skyrocketed, growing by 28 in inflation-adjusted

General Education Trends
  • Developmental model that is integrated throughout
    the the entire education process
  • Outsiders look at Gen. Ed. as part of the
    accrediting process and assessment

Faculty Workload
  • No single formula for an equitable faculty
    workload can be devised for all of American
    higher education.
  • Preferred Teaching LoadsFor undergraduate
    instruction, a teaching load of nine hours per
  • - AAUP Statement on Faculty Workload

Faculty Workload
  • Increasingly legislators view higher education as
    unproductive and unaccountable, and do not
    understand or are unsympathetic to what faculty
    do outside of the classroom.
  • Many states attempt to link allocations
  • to faculty workload and productivity.
  • Despite working long hours (faculty average
    52-hour work weeks), there is increasing pressure
    to be more productive, not just from legislators,
    but also in order to achieve tenure.

Faculty Hiring
  • Huge dependence on part-time
  • nontenure-track faculty
  • from 1976 to 1995, total faculty in US increased
    by 47, but part-time faculty increased by 91,
    whereas full-time faculty increased by 27.
  • According to Dept of Education, in 1987 11 of
    full-time faculty members were nontenure track
  • in 1998, the number was 18.
  • According to 1998 study, nearly all colleges
    contribute to benefits for full-time faculty.
  • 53 of institutions contribute to benefits for
    part-time faculty.

Faculty Hiring
  • Nearly a third of faculty
  • members are 55 or older compared to a quarter 10
    years ago.
  • We should expect lots of retirements, thus
    serious competition for new faculty (perhaps at
    time of budget constraints and hiring
  • Hard to predict when faculty will retire, though.