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Theories of Management

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... Management as Discipline. Skinner's Behavioural ... Jones's Positive Classroom Discipline ... A more humanistic approach than just focusing on discipline. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Theories of Management


1
Theories of Management
  • EDUC 4454

2
Management Theories
3
Classroom Management as Discipline
  • Skinners Behavioural Management Theory

4
Skinner Behavioural Management
  • Definition The practice of providing
    consequences for both good and bad behaviour.
  • The teacher develops a process of systematically
    applying rewards (reinforcements) and
    consequences for behaviour.

5
Skinner Behavioural Management
  • This model of classroom management is also known
    as
  • behaviourism
  • behavioural techniques
  • behaviour modification
  • social-learning theory

6
Classroom Management as Discipline
  • Canters Assertive Discipline

7
Canters Assertive Discipline
  • Definition The teachers response style sets the
    tone of the classroom as well as impacting on the
    students self-esteem and success.
  • Canter identified three basic response styles
    used by teachers when interacting with students

8
Canters Assertive Discipline
  • Nonassertive Teachers
  • These teachers fail to make their needs or wants
    known. They appear indecisive which confuses
    students. They threaten but students know there
    will be no follow through.

9
Canters Assertive Discipline
  • Hostile Teachers
  • These teachers respond in a manner that
    disregards the needs and feelings of students.
    Their response to students are negative,
    condescending, sarcastic or hostile. They often
    make unprofessional comments about students and
    their peers. Consequences are overly severe.

10
Canters Assertive Discipline
  • Assertive Teachers
  • These teachers clearly and firmly express their
    needs. They have positive expectations of
    students. They say what they mean, and mean what
    they say. They are consistent and fair.

11
Classroom Management as Discipline
  • Joness Positive Classroom Discipline

12
Joness Positive Classroom Discipline
  • Definition The teacher systematically
    strengthens desired behaviour while weakening
    inappropriate behaviour by using proximity
    control, negative reinforcement, incentives, body
    language and peer pressure.

13
Joness Positive Classroom Discipline
  • Joness Four Step Model
  • Classroom Structure setting up classroom rules,
    routines and the physical environment
  • Limit Setting rule reinforcement through the use
    of body language, and low-key responses

14
Joness Positive Classroom Discipline
  • Responsibility Training establishment of group
    rewards or incentives to create group
    responsibility and accountability for behaviour
    (PAT)
  • Back-up System hierarchic organization of
    negative sanctions,
  • a) Private with Student
  • b) Public within Classroom
  • c) Public with Two Professionals

15
Classroom Management as Discipline
  • Dreikurs Logical Consequences

16
Dreikurs Logical Consequences
  • Definition The teacher considers the motivation
    and goals of the student behaviour in the
    development of a management plan. A more
    humanistic approach than just focusing on
    discipline. The teacher then applies Logical
    Consequences to assist students in taking
    responsibility for their actions and behaviours.

17
Dreikurs Logical Consequences
  • Based on Alfred Alders concept that all
    behaviour had a purpose or goal, Dreikur
    identified 4 student goals of misbehaviour
  • To seek attention
  • To gain power
  • To seek revenge for some perceived injustice
  • To avoid failure

18
Dreikurs Logical Consequences
  • Logical Consequences
  • Must be tied directly to the misbehaviour
  • Must not involve moral judgments
  • Must distinguish between the deed and the doer
  • Must be applied in a non-threatening manner
  • Must present choice for the student

19
Principles of Management
  • All four models share the following principles
  • The teacher is responsible for maintaining
    classroom control.

20
Principles of Management
  • All four models share the following principles
  • Classroom management must be established before
    instruction can begin.

21
Principles of Management
  • All four models share the following principles
  • Effective classroom management includes planning
    and implementing teaching strategies thoroughly,
    keeping students actively engaged in meaningful
    learning, and preventing disruptions through
    proactive management strategies.

22
Work with Your Students to Have Great Year!
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