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Old Testament Survey: The Book of Esther

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The two men were hanged, and the event was recorded in the king's chronicles. Haman ... the king said, Hang him on it!' So they hanged Haman on the gallows ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Old Testament Survey: The Book of Esther


1
Old Testament Survey The Book of Esther
  • For if you remain completely silent at this
    time, relief and deliverance will arise for the
    Jews from another place, but you and your
    father's house will perish. Yet who knows whether
    you have come to the kingdom for such a time as
    this? Esther 414

2
Background
  • Third year of the reign of King Ahasuerus
    (Persia)
  • Six-month banquet for his army andofficers
  • Followed by a seven-day banquet for all in the
    capital--Shushan
  • After much drinking, the king commanded Queen
    Vashti to come and parade her beauty
  • Vashti refused to obey the kings command!

3
Background
  • The king became enraged he sought counsel from
    his wise men.
  • They said the queen must set an example for the
    other wives. Therefore, Queen Vashti should be
    removed!
  • Beautiful virgins were brought to the kings
    harem so he could choose a new queen.
  • One year of preparation for each maiden
  • Each spent one night with the king.
  • If not called again by the king, she spent the
    rest of her life in a different harem.

4
Esther Is Chosen
  • A Jewess who lived with her cousin, Mordecai
  • The king chose her to be the new queen.
  • Esther kept her nationality a secret.
  • One day, Mordecai overheard two men plotting to
    assassinate the king.
  • He told Esther, and she gave the message to the
    kings officials.
  • The two men were hanged, and the event was
    recorded in the kings chronicles.

5
Haman
  • Ahasuerus made Haman second in commandall were
    to bow and pay him homage.
  • Mordecai refused to bow before Haman.
  • Haman became so angry, he determined to destroy
    all the Jews in the kings provinces.
  • Haman told the king the Jews did not follow his
    law. He offered 10,000 talents of silver to
    enrich the kings treasury if he would sign a
    decree to put all Jews to death.
  • The decree was determined and stamped with the
    kings signet ring.

6
Mordecais Request
  • Mordecai went into mourning.
  • A copy of the edict was given to Queen Esther.
  • Mordecai asked Esther to go to the king and
    intercede for her people.
  • At first, fearful of being put to death, she was
    reluctant.
  • Go, gather all the Jews who are present in
    Shushan, and fast for me neither eat nor drink
    for three days, night or day. My maids and I will
    fast likewise. And so I will go to the king,
    which is against the law and if I perish, I
    perish! Esther 416

7
Golden Scepter
  • When Esther went before the king, he held out his
    scepter.
  • Esther requested that the king and Haman attend a
    banquet for the king.
  • When asked what she desired, she said that she
    would tell them tomorrow at another special
    banquet for the king and Haman.
  • Haman was elated, but seeing Mordecai at the
    kings gate caused him to lose his joy.
  • Intending to hand Mordecai the next day, Haman
    commanded that a gallows 75 feet high be built!

8
A Sleepless King
  • That night the king could not sleep. So one was
    commanded to bring the book of the records of the
    chronicles and they were read before the king.
    And it was found written that Mordecai had told
    of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's
    eunuchs, the doorkeepers who had sought to lay
    hands on King Ahasuerus. Esther 61,2
  • He asked what reward the man received?
  • No reward had been given.
  • Haman was in the court, so the king asked his
    advice.
  • Mordecai placed on the kings horse, in a royal
    robe. All honored him with a parade led by Haman!

9
Esther Reveals the Plot
  • For we have been sold, my people and I, to be
    destroyed, to be killed, and to be annihilated.
    Had we been sold as male and female slaves, I
    would have held my tongue, although the enemy
    could never compensate for the king's loss.
    Esther 74

10
Esther Reveals the Plot
  • So King Ahasuerus answered and said to Queen
    Esther, Who is he, and where is he, who would
    dare presume in his heart to do such a thing?
    And Esther said, the adversary and enemy is this
    wicked Haman! So Haman was terrified before the
    king and queen. Esther 75,6

11
Haman Is Hanged on His Own Gallows
  • ... Look! The gallows, fifty cubits high, which
    Haman made for Mordecai, who spoke good on the
    king's behalf, is standing at the house of Haman.
    Then the king said, Hang him on it! So they
    hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared
    for Mordecai. Then the king's wrath subsided.
    Esther 79,10

12
Mordecai Is Promoted
  • So the king took off his signet ring, which he
    had taken from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai
    and Esther appointed Mordecai over the house of
    Haman. Esther 82

13
The Kings New Edict
  • By these letters the king permitted the Jews who
    were in every city to gather together and protect
    their lives-to destroy, kill, and annihilate all
    the forces of any people or province that would
    assault them, both little children and women, and
    to plunder their possessions. Esther 811

14
The Feast of Purim
  • Mordecai sent a decree setting aside an annual
    holiday for the Jews.
  • Called the Days of Purim
  • Celebrated in the last days of February
  • Commemorates how Esther saved her people from
    destruction

15
Lessons From Esther
  • To bring Queen Vashti before the king, wearing
    her royal crown, in order to show her beauty to
    the people and the officials, for she was
    beautiful to behold. But Queen Vashti refused to
    come at the king's command brought by his
    eunuchs therefore the king was furious, and his
    anger burned within him. Esther 110,11
  • Queen Vashtis modesty
  • Refused to parade before drunken, lustful men
  • A challenge to learn the beauty of holiness

16
Lessons From Esther
  • Go, gather all the Jews who are present in
    Shushan, and fast for me neither eat nor drink
    for three days, night or day. My maids and I will
    fast likewise. And so I will go to the king,
    which is against the law and if I perish, I
    perish! Esther 416
  • Always be ready to serve.
  • Unwavering dedication to God
  • Be willing to risk your own life.

17
Lessons From Esther
  • For if you remain completely silent at this
    time, relief and deliverance will arise for the
    Jews from another place, but you and your
    father's house will perish. Yet who knows whether
    you have come to the kingdom for such a time as
    this? Esther 414
  • Gods sovereignty
  • Gods will always to be done
  • Esther and Mordecais faith helped deliver Gods
    people.
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