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Local Self Governance In India Public Accountability, Community Empowerment and eGovernance

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District level in a few cases (data brought from GP to district for data entry)- Online mode ... s in respective areas in an organized & integrated fashion ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Local Self Governance In India Public Accountability, Community Empowerment and eGovernance


1
Local Self Governance In India Public
Accountability, Community Empowerment and
e-Governance
  • B.K.Gairola
  • Director General
  • National Informatics Centre
  • Department of Information Technology
  • Ministry of Communications IT
  • Government of India

2
Governance Structure in India
Central Government
State Government (35)
Local Government
Urban Local Bodies
Rural local Self- Governing Institutions
  • Corporations
  • District Panchayats
  • (540)
  • Intermediate
  • Panchayats (6096)
  • Municipalities
  • Village Panchayats
  • (2,32,000)
  • Town Areas

3
Local Self Governance A Technological
Perspective
Local Governments Grassroot Planning
Development Dynamics
Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)
Rural Local Bodies (RLBs)
  • District Panchayats
  • Corporations

Information Communication Network
  • Intermediate/Block
  • Panchayats
  • Municipalities
  • Village Panchayats
  • Town Areas

4
LSG Outcomes and E-Governance
  • Goals
  • Enhanced Peoples Participation
  • Public Accountability
  • Community Empowerment
  • Process
  • Devolution of Funds, Functions and Functionaries
    (3Fs)
  • Participatory Governance
  • ICT Instrument
  • E-Governance

5
NREGA-National Rural Employment Gurantee Act
(NREGA)
  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme
    (NREGS)
  • Launched in 200 districts of India
  • Currently, operational in 330 districts of India
  • Assures min 100 days of employment to any needy
    family in these districts
  • Gram panchayat plays anchor role in registering
    seekers, identifying works, allotting works,
    making payments and other activities

6
NREGSOFT Details Captured
7
NREGSOFT Registration
8
NREGSOFT Job Card
9
Content Capture in NREGA
  • Currently, the data related to different events
    in life cycle of NREGS is being captured at-
  • Gram Panchayat Level in some of the states in
    offline mode
  • Block level in majority of states (data brought
    from GPs) On/OffLine mode
  • District level in a few cases (data brought from
    GP to district for data entry)- Online mode

10
National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) - India
  • Vision
  • Make all Government services accessible to the
    common man in his locality, through common
    service delivery outlets and ensure efficiency,
    transparency reliability of such services at
    affordable costs to realise the basic needs of
    the common man
  • The Government approved the National e-Governance
    Plan (NeGP), comprising of 27 Mission Mode
    Projects (MMPs) and 10 components, on May 18,
    2006.
  • Core Support Infrastructure
  • Common Services Centre (CSC)
  • State Wide Area Networks (SWAN)
  • State Data Centres (SDC)

11
NeGP Mission Mode Projects (MMPs)
  • State MMPs
  • Agriculture
  • Commercial Taxes
  • e-District
  • Employment Exchange
  • Land Records
  • Municipalities
  • Panchayats/e-PRI
  • Police
  • Property Registration
  • Road Transport
  • Treasuries
  • Central MMPs
  • Banking
  • Central Excise Customs
  • Income Tax (IT)
  • Insurance
  • MCA21
  • Passport, Immigration Visa
  • Pension
  • e-OFFICE
  • Integrated MMPs
  • CSC
  • e-BIZ
  • e-COURTS
  • e-Procurement
  • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) For Trade
    (eTrade)
  • National Egovernance Service Delivery Gateway
  • India Portal ( www.india.gov.in )    

12
NeGP - Mission Mode Projects for LSGIs
  • Panchayats
  • Services
  • Services identified for Citizens
  • Issuance of Licenses, Certificates, Beneficiaries
    of various schemes, Information related to
    proceedings of Gram Sabha etc.
  • Services identified for Functionaries
  • Survey Data (Below Poverty Line (BPL), Family,
    census) Services Data (Education, Health),
    Panchayat Accounting etc.
  • Status
  • States like Andhra Pradesh (A.P), Karnataka,
    Gujarat, Orissa, Goa, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu
    have started computerization of Panchayats.
  • Initiatives already underway include
    E-Panchayat(A.P), E-Gram (Gujarat), PriaSoft
    (Orissa, Tamil Nadu),NREGASoft (Orissa, Tamil
    Nadu, Karnataka), Aasthi (Karnataka) etc..
  • Municipalities
  • Services
  • Issuance of Birth/Death Certificates
  • Property Tax, Property Assessment
  • Accounting System
  • Grievance and Suggestions
  • Building Approval, Issuance of Licenses
  • Projected Implementation
  • To cover all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in class 1
    cities (423 in total) during the period 2006-07
    to 2010-11.
  • Status
  • Implemented in 30 Councils/6 Corporation of
    Maharashtra
  • Implemented in 80 Municipalities in Karnataka
  • Also implemented in Jammu Kashmir, Srinagar,
    Shillong and Kolkata
  • NeGP took cognizance of these State Level efforts
    proposed Mission Mode project s in respective
    areas in an organized integrated fashion

13
e-Governance in Panchayati Raj Institutions
(e-PRI) Mission Mode Project
  • Round Table of State Panchayati Raj Ministers
    (Dec 2004) recommends positioning ICT as
    enhancing Panchayat capacity so that they can
    perform their constitutionally and legislatively
    mandated functions better.
  • Consensus to position IT as
  • decision making support system for Panchayats
  • tool for transparency, disclosure of information
    to citizens, social audit,
  • better and convergent delivery of services to
    citizens,
  • improving internal management and efficiency of
    Panchayats,
  • a means for capacity building,
  • as an e-Procurement medium.
  • E-PRI taken up as a Mission Mode Project across
    the country under National E-Governance Plan
    (NeGP)

14
E-PRI Proposed Service Delivery Architecture
Rural PRIs
e-Panchayat (AP)
MOPR Web Site
State Panchayati Raj Deptt. Portals
PRIAsoft (TN, Orissa)
Aasthi (Kar)
Citizen
District Panchayat Portals
PRIAsoft (PanchLekh) (MP)
Block Panchayat Portals
G2C
Internet
Other Panchyati Raj Deptt Applications
Gram Panchayat Portals
VPs/BPs/ZPs PlanPlus
Front End National Panchayat Portal(NPP)
Back End
15
National Panchayat Portal (NPP) Public Face of
Rural Governance
  • A Gateway to more than two and a half lakh
    Portals including State Panchayati Raj
    Deptt.(35), District Panchayats(560),
    Intermediate/ Block Panchayats(6096) and Village
    Panchayats (2,32,000)
  • Acts as a one-stop solution to citizens for
    accessing information and services provided by
    Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR), State
    Panchayati Raj Departments, and three-tier
    Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs)
  • Panchayat Portal Sites dynamically generated
    using Panchayat Portal Framework
  • Supports Local Language
  • Web site of Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR),
    http//panchayat.gov.in is acting as the home
    page of the National Panchayat Portal
  • Each Panchayat Portal can be accessed directly
    also

16
National Panchayat Portal
17
e-PRI - Gujarat e Gram State Specific Back-end
Solution
  • Services
  • Birth Certificate
  • Death Certificate
  • Agriculture Certificate
  • Income Certificate
  • Electricity Certificate
  • Tax Collection Revenue Panchayat
  • Caste Certificate
  • Status
  • All Gram panchayats (approx. 12000) have been
    provided with computers and nominated staff
    provided 40 hours training on basic usage of IT

18
e-PRI - Gujarat e Gram
19
Facilitating PRIs Planning Process (PLAN PLUS)
  • GIS and Web enabled PlanPlus Software under
    development as part of Backward Regions Grant
    Fund (BRGF) scheme of MOPR
  • BRGF Scheme implementation is driven by the
    Decentralized Planning Guidelines issued by the
    Planning Commission, Govt. of India
  • A single software application to strengthen
    decentralized planning at grassroot level
  • Meant to be used by RLBs and ULBs to converge,
    integrate and generate District Development Plans
  • Field Testing under progress in Kerala and West
    Bengal

20
ROLE OF E-GOVERNANCE
Transparency
DEVOLUTION
Accountability
OUTCOMES
ICT INPUTS TO LSG PROCESSES
Enhanced Peoples Participation
Community Empowerment
21
ROAD AHEAD
  • COMPUTERIZATION
  • Isolated ICT Introduction initiatives attempted
    by some of the States at sub-district/grassroot
    level
  • Learning from examples cited in previous slides
  • Mainly Bottom-up Efforts
  • E-GOVERNANCE PRESENT
  • Formulation of National E-Governance Plan (NeGP)
  • Identification of Mission Mode Projects (MMPs)
  • Framework for e-PRI Municipalities MMPs
  • Focus on extending the reach of ICTs to the
    grassroots Service Delivery
  • Mainly Top-down Efforts

E-GOVERNANCE FUTURE Consolidation Replication
from Bottom-up experiences Powered by MMP
Framework
22
Issues
  • Moving targets
  • Evolving/changing processes
  • Rapidly changing technology
  • Capacity building for the use of ICT with in the
    organization
  • Availability of unified cyber space and ICT
    infrastructure
  • Assurance of long term ICT support to assist the
    Process of change management
  • Continued financial support for technology as an
    integral part the process re-engineering plan
  • Long term vision for technology diffusion and
    ability to adapt to the ever changing needs to
    avoid waste expenditure
  • Standardization of data ,meta-data, tech. ,
    processes

23
Thank You
  • dg_at_nic.in
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