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GENERAL STUDIES Society

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You may want to consider race issues here too. 13. Gay Rights ... Development of student fashion. Influence of the media ... Fashion eating disorders? etc) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GENERAL STUDIES Society


1
GENERAL STUDIES Society
2
Society
  • WHAT IS IT?
  • Jot down your ideas/definition.

3
  • People
  • Law
  • Morals
  • Values
  • Government
  • Religion
  • Institutions
  • Economy
  • Science

4
Changing Values
  • Acceptance of alternatives to marriage
  • Attitudes to abortion and divorce
  • Employment opportunities for women
  • Care in the community for the elderly and
  • vulnerable in society
  • Entitlement to franchise
  • Equal opportunities race and gender
  • Punishments for different crimes
  • Using medical knowledge to maintain damaged life

5
  • Can society survive without shared common values?
  • How has the development of a multicultural
    society in Britain contributed to changes in
    societys values?
  • What values are in the process of change today?
  • What values would you like to change?

6
Society - Issues
  • The family
  • Gay rights
  • Gender equality
  • Old people
  • Young people
  • Disability

7
Todays Families (1999)
  • Couples married/unmarried
  • Couple no children 26 Couple -
    dependent children 39
  • Couple non dependent children 8
  • Single 12
  • Single parent - 11
  • Other (student/friends/etc) 4

8
The Family
  • The number of first marriages is falling, divorce
    and remarriage is rising, single sex partnerships
    are rising and fewer than half or the population
    live in the traditional family unit of a married
    couple with their own children. Female
    employment is seen by some as the great
    disruption in family life. As women become more
    economically independent, men feel more freedom
    and no obligation to parent.
  • There is no deficit of mothers and motherhood,
    but there is a serious deficit of fathers and
    fatherhood.

9
  • How many types of family do we have now?
  • How many types of family does society need?
  • Do families reinforce stereotypical gender roles?
  • Why does the media present the nuclear family as
    ideal?
  • Should the state try to encourage one type of
    family?
  • Are men irrelevant to the family?
  • Are there any roles required by society that can
    only be provided by the family.
  • Do families perpetuate stereotypical gender
    roles?
  • Is the family effective in socialising children?

10
Gender issues
  • 1967 The Abortion Act
  • 1969 Simplification of the Divorce law
  • 1970 Equal Pay Act
  • 1975 The Sex Discrimination Act
  • 1975 EU Equal Pay Act
  • 1976 Domestic Violence and Matrimonial Procedures
    Act

11
Gender issues
  • Today women and girls
  • achieve better results at school
  • enter HE in growing numbers - may soon outnumber
    men
  • are 3 times more likely to care for
    elderly/disabled relatives
  • less likely to vote than men
  • are half the workforce but have worse promotion
    and access to senior posts
  • Median weekly earnings of full-time employees in
    2006 for women (387) were 26 per cent less than
    those for men (487). (www.statistics.gov.uk)
  • Make up a growing proportion of the poor,
    especially single mothers

12
  • What is equality of opportunity?
  • Are men still more equal than women?
  • Can positive discrimination ever be justified?
    You may want to consider race issues here too.

13
Gay Rights
  • Marriage for gays and lesbians given legal
    status December 2005
  • Adoption for single sex couples growing
  • new bill makes discriminating against single sex
    couples illegal.
  • Single sex couples already used frequently as
    foster parents.
  • AI/surrogacy to create natural children for
    single sex couples.

14
Old People
  • By 2021 20 of the population will be over 65.
  • Life expectancy rising 1971 Men 69, Women 75
  • 2005 Men 76, Women 81
  • Why has life expectancy changed?
  • Why have attitudes to old age changed?
  • (baby boomers, youth culture)
  • Why has old age seen as a problem?
    (cost/pensions/health)
  • Should retirement be optional or compulsory?
  • If abortion is legal, why not euthanasia?

15
Young People
  • Important factors in the rise of the youth
    market
  • Decline in infant mortality
  • Extension of education to 18 or even 22
  • Delay in entering the labour market
  • Growth in part-time student work
  • Development of student fashion
  • Influence of the media
  • Increased overall prosperity

16
  • How does the media encourage a separate youth
    culture?
  • How important to the economy is the youth market?
  • Is there a link between youth crime and youth
    culture?
  • How far are teenagers an invention of the 20th
    century?
  • What are the effects of youth culture on young
    people?
  • (rap music crime? Fashion eating disorders?
    etc)
  • How can young people participate in youth culture
    if they dont have the resources?
  • Is society too youth centred?
  • How have changes to the family affected young
    people?

17
Disability
  • 14 of UK population suffer impairment
  • In Spring 2001 there were 6.8 million people of
    working age with long-term or work limiting
    disabilities in the United Kingdom
  • 1995 Disability Discrimination Act
  • 2000 Disability Rights Task Force - inclusion
    of children and adults in mainstream education
    and opportunities
  • Traditionally disabled people were cared for in
    the extended family but now the state is usually
    expected to provide care as disability becomes a
    medical rather than a social issue.

18
  • How far is there discrimination against disabled
    people?
  • Should the law impose sanctions to enforce equal
    treatment for all people, irrespective of
    disabilities?
  • How can the employment opportunities for disabled
    people be improved?
  • Why and to what extent are people frightened of
  • disabled people? How can these perceptions be
    changed?
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