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OSHA Update May 2008

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Overexposures are likely when welding stainless steel and high chrome steel ... wear, ordinary prescription safety eyewear, everyday clothing and ordinary ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: OSHA Update May 2008


1
(No Transcript)
2
OSHA UpdateMay 2008
  • Richard T. Gilgrist, CIH
  • Area Director
  • Cincinnati Area Office
  • OSHA

3
Todays Agenda
  • Whats HOT
  • Trends
  • Ohio Stats
  • National/Regional/Local Programs
  • Corporative Efforts
  • Looking Forward

4
WHATS HOT
  • Hexavalent Chromium
  • Pay for Personal Protective Equipment
  • Combustible dust

5
Hexavalent Chromium
6

Gentleman, I think weve had a little too much
chromium exposure!!
7
Welding
  • Overexposures are likely when welding stainless
    steel and high chrome steel
  • Stainless steel has between 10.5 - 27 chromium
  • Nickel is also present in some types of stainless
  • Potential for overexposure when welding CARBON
    steel in an enclosed space
  • Anywhere the welding fume is more confined,
    example could be welding in a tight corner
  • Reason 10 of carbon steel has chromium in
    more than trace amounts

8
Welding
  • Stick welding High likelihood of overexposure to
    Cr VI
  • 50 of total Cr produced is Cr VI ( FR pg
    10262 col 3)
  • TIG generates lower fume amounts
  • Submerged arc generates lower fume amounts
  • MIG has lower fume amounts
  • 4 of total Cr produced from MIG is Cr VI
  • MIG and TIG
  • _at_ 800 degrees C above action level
  • _at_ 500 degrees C levels fairly low
  • Conclusion Switch to MIG from stick if you can

9
Chromium (VI) Directive Start-Up Dates
Enforcement
  • May 30, 2006 Effective date of Chromium (VI)
    standard.
  • November 27, 2006 (gt20 employees) All
    sections of the standard, except engineering
    controls are citable.
  • May 30, 2007 (lt20 employees) All sections
    of the standard, except engineering controls are
    citable.
  • May 31, 2010 (All employers)
  • Until DeadlineEngineering controls not
    enforceable. Respirators required to comply
    with PEL.
  • After DeadlineEngineering controls enforceable.
    If exposures, cite applicable violations of
    Cr(VI) PEL engineering controls.


10
PPE Payment
  • Final published November 2007
  • Requires employers to pay for most PPE
  • Does not require payment for uniforms, items worn
    to keep clean, or other items that are not PPE
  • Contains exceptions for ordinary safety-toe wear,
    ordinary prescription safety eyewear, everyday
    clothing and ordinary weather-related gear, and
    logging boots

11
Types of Dust Involved in incidents
12
Types of Industries Involved in Dust Incidents
13
NEP/ Industry Application
  • Agriculture
  • Chemicals
  • Textiles
  • Forest and furniture products
  • Metal processing
  • Tire and rubber manufacturing plants
  • Paper products
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Recycling operations (metal, paper, and plastic.)
  • Coal dust in coal handling and processing
    facilities.

14
WHATS NEW
  • A new Compliance Assistance Specialist has been
    added
  • GAYE JOHNSON

15
Fatality Data
Trends Totals Manufacturing
16
Fatality Trends REGION V
17
Total Fatalities in Region V
18
Fatalities by Company Size Region V
19
Fatalities by Company Size in Manufacturing FY
2004 FY 2006
20
Total Fatalities by Event Region V
21
Ohio Inspection Activity FY 07
22
Programmed Emphasis Areas
23
Emphasis Programs OHIO FY 07
24
NEPs Under Development
  • Oil and Gas Well Drilling
  • Flavorings
  • Chemical Plants
  • Primary Metals

25
Primary Metals NEP
  • Foundries and primary metals
  • Significant cases in the last several years
  • Continue to find over exposures to
  • Lead
  • Silica
  • Other metals
  • Other air contaminants such as benzene
  • Noise

26
Primary Metals NEP
  • Foundries and primary metals
  • Continue to find violations related to
  • Respiratory protection
  • Engineering controls for air contaminants
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Hazard communication
  • Hearing protection and conservation program

27
Other Fatality Hazard Emphasis Areas
  • Falls
  • Trenching
  • Road Construction
  • Powered Industrial Vehicles

28
Inspections Coded PIT/PIV
Region V Programmed Local Emphasis
Powered Industrial Vehicles
29
Top 20 Standards Citedfor General Industry
30
Top 20 Standards Cited in FY 07 General
Industry Cincinnati Area Office
  • 1910.212(a)1 Machine Guarding
  • 1910.147(d)4(i) Lockout or Tagout Devices
  • 1910.147(c)7(i) LOTO Training and Communication
  • 1910.147(c)4(i) LOTO Energy Control Procedure
  • 1910.147(c)6(i) LOTO Periodic Inspection

Cincinnati Area Office
October 1, 2003 thru December 31, 2004
31
Top 20 Standards Cited in FY 07 General
Industry Cincinnati Area Office
  • 1910.1200(h)1 HazComm Training Information
  • 1910.132(a) Protective Equipment
  • 1910.147(d)3 LOTO Machine or Equipment Isolation
  • 1910.212(a)3(ii) Point of Operation Guarding
  • 1910.219(e)3(i) Vertical and Inclined Belt Guards

Cincinnati Area Office
October 1, 2003 thru December 31, 2004
32
Top 20 Standards Cited in FY 07 General
Industry Cincinnati Area Office
  • 1910.303(g)2(ii) Enclosures or Guards to Prevent
    Damage
  • 1910.1200(e)1 Written HazComm Program
  • 1910.1200(f)5(ii) HazComm Hazard Warnings
  • 1910.147(c)4(ii) LOTO Energy Control Procedure
  • 1910.1200(f)5(i) HazComm Labeling

Cincinnati Area Office
October 1, 2003 thru December 31, 2004
33
Top 20 Standards Cited In FY 07 General
Industry Cincinnati Area Office
  • 1904.29(a) Manually Propelled Mobile Ladder
    Stands and Scaffolds
  • 1910.23(c)1 Open-sided Floor or Platform 4 Feet
    or More
  • 1910.147(c)5(i) LOTO Protective Materials and
    Hardware
  • 1910.151(c) Suitable Facilities For Quick
    Drenching or Flushing of The Eyes and Body
  • 1910.219(f)3 Sprocket And Chain Guards

34
Ohio Statistics FY 07
Number of Inspections 2649 Percentage
Construction 54.9 Complaints Received 2284 SST
Inspections Conducted 208 Significant
Cases (Over 100,000) 14 Percent Serious,
Willful, Repeat, FTA 81.3 Average Violations per
Inspection 2.6 Penalty per Serious
Violation 996.50
35
Ohio Statistics FY 07
Percent In Compliance 24.2 Number of
Fatalities Inspected 58 New VPP STAR
sites 21 New Partnerships 4 New
Alliances 2 Whistleblower Investigations 176
36
Ohio Compliance Assistance Goals 2008
37
Outreach Emphasis Areas
  • Hispanic Employees and Employers
  • Homeland Security
  • Youth
  • Arc Flash, NFPA 70-E
  • National Federation of Independent Businesses
  • Combustible Dust
  • Pandemic Flu
  • Bottom Line Safety and Health

38
Pandemic Flu Preparation
  • Continuity of Operations
  • Remote Access
  • Training
  • PPE

39
LOOKING FORWARD
  • CONFINED SPACE FOR CONSTRUCTION
  • DIACETYL STANDARD?
  • COMBUSTIBLE DUST STANDARD OR ETS?
  • GUIDANCE DOCUMENTS
  • THE ELECTION AND WHAT GETS DONE BEFORE JANUARY

40
Health Issues on the Reg Agenda
  • Crystalline silica
  • Beryllium
  • Hearing conservation in construction
  • Ionizing radiation
  • Standards Improvement Project III
  • Emergency response and preparedness
  • Hazard communication
  • Diacetyl

41
Hazard Communication
  • Considering adoption of the Globally Harmonized
    System of Classification and Labeling of
    Chemicals (GHS)
  • Published an advance notice of proposed
    rulemaking (ANPR) 9/12/2006
  • Accepted comments until 11/13/2006
  • Working on a proposed standard

42
Diacetyl and Food Flavorings Containing Diacetyl
Recent Activities
  • Initiated a National Emphasis Program for
    microwave popcorn processing plants
  • Denied the request for an Emergency Temporary
    Standard but announced our intent to move forward
    with regular 6(b) rulemaking
  • Issued guidance
  • SHIB on respiratory disease in microwave popcorn
    manufacturing
  • Hazard Communication Guidance on diacetyl and
    food flavorings containing diacetyl
  • Held a stakeholder meeting 10/07

43
Diacetyl and Food Flavorings Containing Diacetyl
Next steps/issues
  • Initiate SBREFA Review
  • Issues
  • Scope
  • Analytical method
  • PEL

44
Completed Guidance Projects
  • Motor vehicle safety
  • Combustible dust (SHIB)
  • Fire services manual
  • Fireworks poster
  • Ergonomics nursing homes, grocery stores,
    poultry processing, and draft shipyards document
  • Indoor air (mold)
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Perchloroethylene
  • Abrasive blasting in shipyards
  • Marine hanging staging
  • Hurricane quick cards
  • Diacetyl hazard communication

45
Guidance Projects in Development
  • Hazards of scrap metal recycling
  • Hazard communication/GHS
  • PPE for emergency response
  • Controls for silica exposure in construction
  • Ergonomics in Shipyards
  • Fireworks video
  • Working Safely with Portland Cement
  • Pocket Guide for Respiratory Protection
  • Stockpiling respirators for an influenza pandemic

46
OTHER POTENTIAL EMPHASIS AREAS
  • MRSA!!
  • GUT/REHAB

47
Dont Forget
  • www.osha.gov
  • Compliance Assistance
  • Specialists (6 in Ohio)
  • On-site Consultation
  • BWC- Div of SH
  • Quick Takes

48
Dont Forget
  • To call your local Area Office with Questions!
  • 513 841-4132

49
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