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READY FOR LIFE AFTER CIS WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW

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Branch of engineering sciences that studies (with the aid of computers) ... Still lack of qualified computer science graduates ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: READY FOR LIFE AFTER CIS WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW


1
READY FOR LIFE AFTER CIS? WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW!
  • Jason T. Black, CIS
  • September 22, 2004
  • Professional Development Forum

2
OUTLINE OF TALK
  • Introduction
  • What IS Computer Science Really?
  • How do I Prepare for CIS Careers?
  • What Jobs are Out There For Me?
  • What do the Salaries Look Like?
  • Does FAMUs CIS REALLY Prepare Me?
  • Conclusion / Questions

3
INTRODUCTION Who Am I?
  • I am one of you
  • Major CIS Business option
  • Internships (Life Gets Better)
  • Clubs / organizations / College Life
  • Graduated 1991
  • Masters
  • Georgia Tech (Software Engineering, 1992)
  • Ph.D.
  • Florida State University (Ed. Tech., Dec, 04)
  • Both M.S. and Ph.D. were in Computer Science
    Departments

4
SO, WHAT IS COMPUTER SCIENCE?
  • Start with what it is NOT
  • Not Study of computers
  • Little significance with Computers
  • Not Programming
  • Has programming at core, but majority of time not
    spent on programming
  • Programming taught at Community College
  • Not use and application of computers and
    software
  • These are tools used by computer scientists

5
SO, WHAT IS COMPUTER SCIENCE?
  • So, What IS it?
  • Definition (freedictionary.com)
  • Branch of engineering sciences that studies (with
    the aid of computers) computable processes and
    structures
  • Study of algorithms, including
  • Formal and math properties
  • Hardware realizations
  • Linguistic realizations
  • Applications

6
DIFFERENCES IN CIS AND CS
  • CIS (Computer Information Systems)
  • Basic core courses same as CS
  • Exposure to languages
  • Immediate employment / MBA Program
  • CIS (Computer Information Sciences)
  • Same core courses
  • Exposure to languages and theory of CS
  • Graduate School / Research
  • CIS (Science tract) is more related to Computer
    Science

7
AREAS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
  • Core Areas
  • Algorithms and data structure
  • Programming languages
  • Computer architecture
  • Operating systems
  • Additional
  • Software engineering
  • Database / information management
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Graphics
  • Network / internet computing
  • Mobile computing

8
AREAS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE (CONT.)
  • Areas not really CS, but CLOSE!
  • Computer Information Systems
  • Educational Technology
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Scientific Computing
  • All Areas Require
  • Problem-solving / reasoning
  • Creativity
  • Theory / research

9
CS CAREERS
  • Computer Programmers
  • Application, system, network
  • Almost 500,000 in 2002
  • B.S. degrees almost 50 M.S. almost 20
  • Drawbacks
  • Long hours, minimal pay
  • Limited advancement
  • Outsourcing
  • Consultants
  • Earnings
  • Average 60,290
  • 50 between 45K and 78K
  • Minimum Average 35K
  • Highest 10 95K

10
CS CAREERS (cont.)
  • Software Engineers / Systems Analysts
  • B.S. degree almost 80
  • Almost 700,000 employed in 2002
  • 400,000 applications 300,000 systems
  • Found in corporate, academic and research arenas
  • Almost 21,000 were consultants
  • At least B.S. with experience with systems
  • Increased focus on Computer Security
  • Often requires advanced degrees and experience
  • IEEE certification (training)
  • Requires STRONG problem-solving and analytical
    skills, communication
  • Entry-level testing experience controls
    advancement
  • Earnings
  • Average 70K
  • Middle 50 55K - 88K
  • Entry 44K
  • Highest 110K

11
CS CAREERS (cont.)
  • Information Management Specialists
  • Database administrators, Information research
    specialists, systems support
  • Employment in 2002
  • DB 110,000
  • Research specialists 23,000
  • Systems Support 192,000
  • Increasing employment with Internet providers
  • Requires B.S. in CS, IS, MIS, or CIS
  • Increased interest in M.S. in BA (Business
    Admin.)
  • Webmasters associates degree or certification
  • Research Ph.D.
  • Earnings
  • Average 62K
  • Middle 50 49K - 78K
  • Entry 39K
  • Highest 93K
  • Federal Govt 68K
  • State Govt 45K
  • With Grad Degree 69K to 101K

12
CS CAREERS
  • Hardware Engineers
  • Computer engineers, system engineers, electrical
    engineers
  • 40 work in computer/electronic manufacturing
  • 25 work in professional, scientific and
    technical firms
  • 75,000 jobs in 2002
  • Competition overseas
  • Earnings
  • Average 72K
  • Middle 50 56K to 91K
  • Entry 45K
  • Highest 115K
  • Semiconductors 76K
  • Equipment manufacturing 75K
  • Systems design 74K
  • With Grad Degree 65K

13
CS CAREERS
  • Hot Emerging Areas
  • Computer Security
  • Mobile Computing / Wireless Programming
  • Graphics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Consulting (???)

14
MEDIAN SALARY COMPARISON
  • By State (B.S. in CS)
  • California - 80K
  • New York - 60K
  • Texas - 63.5K
  • Florida - 56K
  • Michigan - 59K
  • Virginia - 65.5K
  • By City (B.S. in CS)
  • New York - 75.5K
  • Seattle - 70K
  • San Fran - 80K
  • San Jose - 98K
  • Chicago - 70K
  • Dallas - 74.2K
  • Washington - 75K

15
HOW DO YOU PREPARE (while at FAMU)?
  • Talk to counselors, teachers
  • Examine course catalog / Plan WELL!
  • Department curriculum
  • Critical thinking courses
  • Internships
  • Balance training with good education
  • Technical Skills
  • Oracle, C, Java, Visual Basic, UNIX, Windows
  • Non-Technical Skills
  • Professionalism, etiquette, oral/written skills,
    clubs/activities
  • Make contacts with professionals
  • Keep abreast of new technologies
  • Interview, Interview, Interview!!!

16
Words of Warning
  • Things that can affect employment
  • Economy is cyclical
  • Growth in some areas of minimal
  • Outsourcing
  • Government
  • Focuses in technology
  • Ways to be ready for down trends
  • Best credentials
  • Prepare for worst-case scenario

17
HOW TO GET A JOB (After FAMU)
  • Things to consider BEFORE interviewing
  • Self-Assessment
  • Match YOUR skills with the career of your choice
  • Set your CAREER goals
  • Once you have an offer
  • Weigh Salary .vs. Cost-Of-Living
  • Examine environment / locale
  • Opportunities for advancement
  • Number of minorities
  • Select company that satisfies all of the above

18
WORDS OF WARNING (cont.)
  • Other issues
  • Still lack of qualified computer science
    graduates
  • Still too few students going to graduate school
  • Students with college degrees best candidates
  • Avoid downsizing
  • Be BEST-PREPARED
  • Keep Busy!!
  • Think in terms of CAREER, not JOB!
  • Consider Graduate School (Careful!)

19
SHOULD I GO TO GRADUATE SCHOOL?
  • Benefits
  • Increased career choices
  • Financial
  • Contribution to the field
  • Flexibility
  • Giving back (academia)
  • But is it right for ME?
  • Cost
  • Time
  • Lifestyle change
  • Background
  • Availability
  • Answer depends on YOU!

20
SO, DOES FAMU PREPARE YOU FOR THE NEXT LEVEL?
  • Industry
  • Yes, but depends on YOU!
  • Number of graduates in workforce
  • Curriculum consistent with needs of corporate
    world
  • Graduate School
  • Again, YES, depending on YOU!
  • Science tract consistent with most CS programs
  • Diversity of students in grad programs
  • Number of M.S. recipients
  • I AM LIVING PROOF!!! ?

21
QUESTIONS?
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