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Ethical and Legal Issues


Professional Ethics publicly displayed ethical conduct of a profession, ... includes such virtues as sympathy, compassion, fidelity, discernment, and love. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ethical and Legal Issues

Ethical and Legal Issues
  • Ethics the systematic study of rightness and
    wrongness of human conduct and character as known
    by natural reason
  • Professional Ethics publicly displayed ethical
    conduct of a profession, usually embedded in a
    code of ethics affirms the professional as an
    independent, autonomous, responsible

Laws and Morals
  • Laws regulations established by government and
    applicable to people within a certain political
  • Morals generally accepted customs, principles,
    or habits of right living a d conduct in a
    society, and the individuals practice in
    relation to these

The American Registry of Radiologic
Technologists Code of Ethics
  • Pg 402

Professional Etiquette
  • Manners and attitudes generally accepted by
    members of a profession.

Ethical Dilemmas
  • A situation requiring moral judgment between two
    or more equally problem-fraught alternatives
    there are two or more competing moral norms
    present, creating a challenge about what to do.

Ethical outrage
  • Gross violation of commonly held standards of
    decency or human rights
  • Value System collection or set of values that
    an individual or group have as their personal

Problem Solving
  • Identify the problem look at it in many ways
  • Develop alternative solutions not just one
    solution but many
  • Select the best solution dont let your value
    system influence your selection
  • Defend your selection explain it in terms of
    your colleagues and patients alike

Moral Rules
  • Statements of right conduct governing individual
  • A complete set of moral rules do not exist. Many
    people do not have access to moral rules

Ethical Theories
  • Bodies of systematically related moral principles
    used to resolve ethical dilemmas.
  • Consequentialism belief that health-related
    information about individuals should not be
    revealed to others maintaining privacy
  • Nonconsequentialism belief that actions
    themselves, rather than consequences, determine
    the worth of actions actions are right or wrong
    according to the morality of the acts themselves.

Ethical Theories
  • Social Contract Theory exists when two mutually
    dependent groups (RT and patients) in a society
    recognize certain expectations of one another and
    conduct their affairs accordingly.

Ethical Theories
  • Ethics of Care ethical reflections that
    emphasize an intimate personal relationship value
    system that includes such virtues as sympathy,
    compassion, fidelity, discernment, and love.

Ethical Theories
  • Rights-based ethics belief that individual
    rights provide the vital protection of life,
    liberty, expression, and property.
  • Based on Liberal Individualism each individual
    is protected from undue forces and allowed to
    enjoy personal projects

Liberal Individualism
  • Rights justified claims that an individual can
    make on individuals, groups or on society
  • Legal rights claims that have a foundation in
    legal principles and rules
  • Moral rights claims that are justified by moral
    principles and rules.
  • Duties obligations placed on individuals

Ethical Theories
  • Principle-based ethics (principlism) the use of
    moral principles as a basis for defending a
    chosen path of action in resolving an ethical
  • Moral principles universal guides to action
    that are derived from so-called basic moral
    truths that should be respected unless there is a
    morally compelling reason not to do so.

Moral principles
  • Beneficence doing good
  • Nonmalefience places a high value on avoiding
    harm to others
  • Justice equitable, fair or just conduct in
    dealing with others
  • Autonomy persons self-reliance
  • Veracity duty to tell the truth and avoid
  • Fidelity strict observance of promises or
    duties (loyalty and faithfulness to others)

Ethical Theories
  • Virtue-based ethics ethical theory that
    emphasizes the agents who perform actions and
    make choices
  • Virtues living a good life, becoming a good
    person, and acquiring certain desirable