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Learning in the 21st Century

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Educational systems need to adapt to meet the needs of the digital natives in the 21st century ... Information and Communications Technology ' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Learning in the 21st Century


1
Learning in the 21st Century
  • Worthington Schools
  • Creating Tomorrow for ALL Students
  • 2008-2009

2
  • Background to the Past
  • Background to the Future
  • Background to the 21st Century Movement
  • Profile of a 21st Century Learner
  • Vision for 21st Century Learning
  • Worthington Response to 21st Century Learning

3
STUCK ON AN ELEVATOR
4
  • BACKGROUND TO THE PAST

5
  • We always overestimate the change that will
    occur in the next two years and underestimate the
    change that will occur in the next ten.
  • Bill Gates, Business at The Speed of Thought
  • (Viking, 1999)

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  • WE WERE REALLY GOOD AT PREPARING STUDENTS FOR . .
    .

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ITS NOT ON THE TEST!
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  • BACKGROUND TO THE FUTURE

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  • WILL WE BE GOOD AT PREPARING STUDENTS FOR . . .

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Conclusions
  • Society is changing
  • The skills and knowledge required for work and
    civic life in the 21st century are shifting
  • Educational systems need to adapt to meet the
    needs of the digital natives in the 21st century

33
  • A CHANGE A SYSTEMIC SHIFT
  • IS NEEDED.

34
  • BACKGROUND TO THE
  • 21ST CENTURY MOVEMENT

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Societal Changes
  • Globalization
  • Transformative technologies
  • Shifting demographics
  • Changing values and attitudes

37
Work and Civic Skills
  • Released October 2, 2006, by the Conference
    Board, Corporate Voices for Working Families,
    Partnership for 21st Century Skills, and the
    Society for Human Resource Management groups.

38
21st Century Skills
  • What skills are most important for job success
    when hiring a high school graduate?

39
21st Century Skills
  • Of the high school students that you recently
    hired, what were their deficiencies?

40
21st Century Skills
  • What applied skills and basic knowledge are most
    important for those you hire with a four-year
    college degree?

41
21st Century Skills
  • What skills and content areas will be growing in
    importance in the next five years?

42
Implications for Public Education
  • Around what enduring understandings, essential
    questions, and standards should our programs be
    built to better prepare our students for their
    future?

43
Implications for Public Education
  • This is a story about the big public
    conversation the nation is not having about
    education . . . whether an entire generation of
    kids will fail to make the grade in the global
    economy, because they cant think their way
    through abstract problems, work in teams,
    distinguish good information from bad, or speak a
    language other than English.

44
  • PROFILE OF A 21ST CENTURY LEARNER

45
Digital Natives
  • What is the learning profile of 21st Century
    students?

46
  • Students 1 request regarding technology use at
    their schools
  • Relax school rules about e-mail, IM, cell phone,
    and on-line use
  • Favorite communications device (K-12)
  • Cell phone (73 in grades 9-12 use a cell phone
    daily)
  • Percentage of middle school students that have
    on-line friends from other schools, states, or
    countries
  • 54

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  • Digital natives . . .
  • Are used to receiving information really fast
  • Like to parallel process and multi-task
  • Prefer graphics before their text
  • Prefer random access (like hypertext)
  • Function best when networked
  • Thrive on instant gratification and frequent
    rewards
  • Prefer games to serious work

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What Are They Missing?
  • Critical thinking
  • Reflection
  • Evaluation

52
What Are They Missing?
53
20th CENTURY EDUCATIONVS.21st CENTURY EDUCATION
54
Learning for a Creative Age
  • Society
  • Complex
  • Unpredictable
  • Network based
  • Changing rapidly
  • Horizontally integrated
  • Open
  • Information rich
  • Out of control
  • Learning Institutions
  • Hierarchical
  • Standardized
  • Information Sparse
  • Vertically integrated
  • Based on knowledge transmission
  • Centralized control
  • Custodial

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Yesterday and TodayWhere Weve Been and Where
We Are GoingCurriculum
  • What is taught
  • Chapters covered and workbooks completed
  • Academic context
  • Textbook as resource
  • Individual subjects
  • Basics emphasized for all thinking skills
    emphasized for gifted
  • What is learned
  • Identification of what student should know and be
    able to do
  • Life context
  • Multiple resources
  • Integrated subjects
  • Basics and thinking skills emphasized for all

58
Yesterday and TodayWhere Weve Been and Where
We Are GoingInstruction
  • Teacher centered
  • Organized around time
  • Single teaching strategy
  • Teach once
  • Fixed groups
  • Whole group instruction
  • Passive learning
  • Learner centered
  • Organized for results
  • Multiple teaching strategies
  • Reteaching and enrichment
  • Flexible groups
  • Differentiated instruction
  • Active learning

59
Yesterday and TodayWhere Weve Been and Where
We Are GoingAssessment
  • Bell curve
  • One opportunity
  • After Instruction
  • Paper and pencil based
  • Grades average
  • Proving and accountability
  • Focus on product
  • Public and precise criteria
  • Multiple opportunities
  • Integrated with instruction
  • Performance based
  • Standard met or not met
  • Diagnose and prescribe
  • Focus on product and process

60
Digital Society Alters the Roles and Mechanisms
of Teaching and Learning
61
  • VISION FOR 21ST CENTURY LEARNING

62
  • The illiterate of the 21st century will not be
    those who cannot read and write, but those who
    cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.
  • - Alvin Toffler

63
The Partnership for 21st Century Skills
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Vision for 21st Century Learning
  • Core Subjects
  • Language Arts
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • World Languages
  • Civics and Government
  • Economics
  • History
  • Geography

65
Vision for 21st Century Learning
  • 21st Century Content
  • Global awareness
  • Financial, economic, business, and
    entrepreneurial literacy
  • Civic literacy
  • Health and wellness awareness

66
Vision for 21st Century Learning
  • Learning and Thinking Skills
  • Critical-thinking and problem-solving skills
  • Communication skills
  • Creativity and innovation skills
  • Collaboration skills
  • Contextual learning skills
  • Information and media literacy skills

67
Vision for 21st Century Learning
  • Information and Communications Technology
  • The ability to use technology to learn content
    and skills so that they know how to learn,
    think critically, solve problems, use
    information, communicate, innovate, and
    collaborate.

68
Vision for 21st Century Learning
  • Life Skills
  • Leadership
  • Ethics
  • Accountability
  • Adaptability
  • Personal productivity
  • People skills
  • Self-direction
  • Social responsibility

69
21st Century Standards
  • Focuses on 21st century skills, content
    knowledge, and expertise
  • Builds understanding across and among core
    subjects as well as 21st century
    interdisciplinary themes
  • Emphasizes deep understanding rather than shallow
    knowledge
  • Engages students with the real world data, tools,
    and experts they will encounter in college, on
    the job, and in life students learn best when
    actively engaged in solving meaningful problems
  • Allows for multiple measures of mastery

70
Technology Standards
71
The Journey Ahead
  • When faced with steam rolling technology, you
    either become part of the technology or part of
    the road.
  • - Lueke, 1994

72
NETS-S
  • Creativity and Innovation
  • Students demonstrate creative thinking,
    construct knowledge, and develop innovative
    products and processes using technology
  • Communication and Collaboration
  • Students use digital media and environments to
    communicate and work collaboratively, including
    at a distance, to support individual learning and
    contribute to the learning of others

73
NETS-S
  • Research and Information Fluency
  • Students apply digital tools to gather,
    evaluate, and use information
  • Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Decision
    Making
  • Students use critical thinking skills to plan
    and conduct research, manage projects, solve
    problems, and make informed decisions using
    appropriate digital tools and resources

74
NET-S
  • Digital Citizenship
  • Students understand human, cultural, and
    societal issues related to technology and
    practice legal and ethical behavior
  • Technology Operations and Concepts
  • Students demonstrate a sound understanding of
    technology concepts, systems, and operations

75
What are we learning?Whats different when
schools integrate technology?
  • Communications and collaboration, 24X7 regardless
    of location
  • Disintermediation new roles, new capabilities,
    new challenges
  • Pervasive Computing connected content,
    connected users
  • - facilitation
  • - mentoring
  • Performance focus rather than time focus

76
  • Authentic schooling
  • Open accountability
  • - Community awareness
  • - Community involvement
  • - Information-based decision-making

77
  • Abandon
  • Four walls of the classroom
  • Four walls of the school
  • Existing classroom structures
  • Innovate
  • On-line classrooms
  • On-line schools
  • Redesigning learning environments to reflect
    teamwork and access to technology

78
Voices Beyond the Halls of Academia
  • Jennifer James (www.jenniferjames.com)
  • Perspective (seeing with new eyes)
  • Awareness of patterns (recognizing the future)
  • Critical thinking (understanding the social
    context
  • Response time (the ability to change and help
    others change)
  • Context (understanding the past to know the
    future)
  • Effectiveness (doing more with less)
  • Diversity I.Q. (profiting from diversity)

79
  • Daniel Pink (www.danpink.com)
  • Be able to do big-picture thinking
  • Be creative
  • Emphasize with others
  • Tell stories and listen to others stories
  • Recognize patterns
  • Be intrinsically motivated

80
  • Thomas Friedman (www.thomasfriedman.com)
  • Collaborators
  • Orchestrators
  • Synthesizers
  • Explainers
  • Leveragers
  • Adapters
  • Personalizers
  • Math Lovers
  • Localizers

81
  • Ten years ago, if Id had a vision theyd have
    locked me up. Now, I cant get a job without
    one.
  • New York Headteacher quoted by Michael
  • Barber, head of the Government's
  • Standards and Effectiveness
  • Unit UK, at a conference for
  • new head teachers.

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  • WORTHINGTON RESPONSE TO 21ST CENTURY LEARNING

83
CORE
  • INCREASED ENGAGMENT OF STUDENTS IN THEIR OWN
    LEARNING AND GROWTH

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21st CENTURY LEARNING
  • Elementary
  • K
  • K-6 Renewal
  • Slate Hill International Baccalaureate Program
  • Granby The Basic School
  • Colonial Hills STEM Program
  • Behind the Glass Teacher Lab

86
  • Middle Schools
  • The Phoenix School
  • Kilbourne Middle School STEM Program
  • Project Lead The Way

87
  • High Schools
  • Linworth Alternative School
  • Technological Integration for Academic Work,
    Assessment and Instruction at the Linworth
    Alternative Program
  • Entrepreneurship Academy
  • International Business Academy
  • Worthington Supplementation Credit Recovery
    Program

88
  • High Schools
  • Project Lead The Way
  • Dual Enrollment Courses
  • Teacher Academy (WKHS)
  • Career Based Intervention Program (TWHS)

89
NOW WHAT? 2008-2009
  • Continued work with the Elementary Renewal
  • Brookside Elementary School (Outdoor Enrichment
    Schoolyard Enhanced Learning) Proposal by
    December 1, 2008
  • Worthington Hills Elementary School (Scheduling
    Project Based Learning Instructional Practices
    Assessment Beautification) Proposal by
    December 1, 2008
  • STEM Program of Excellence at Evening Street
    E.S. and Wilson Hill E.S. being considered (Grant
    proposal by November 17, 2008)

90
  • Middle School Visioning Process and Plan
  • Middle School International Baccalaureate Program
    Is this a possibility for the future?
  • High School Visioning Process and Plan
  • High School Request For Proposals (unknown at
    this time)
  • High School STEM School being considered (Grant
    proposal by November 17, 2008)

91
CHALLENGES FOR WORTHINGTON SCHOOLS
  • Enrollment
  • Staffing
  • Course Offerings
  • Facility Usage
  • Technology
  • Finances
  • Impact on Student Achievement
  • Prioritization and Collaboration of Issues

92
The Challenge for Public Education
  • We must transform all formal institutions of
    learning, from Prep through to Year 12, to ensure
    that we are preparing students for their future,
    not for our past. Schools that ignore the trends
    shaping tomorrow will cease to be relevant in the
    lives of their students and will disappear
    quickly.
  • - Michael Phillips, Principal
  • Ringwood Secondary School

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