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Designing Effective Output


Design output to fit the user. Deliver the appropriate quantity of output ... Design of Output. Awareness of the sources of bias. Interactive design of output ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Designing Effective Output

Designing Effective Output
  • Keng Siau
  • Department of Management
  • University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Output Design Objectives
  • Design output to serve the intended purpose
  • Design output to fit the user
  • Deliver the appropriate quantity of output
  • Assure that the output is where it is needed
  • Provide the output on time
  • Choose the right output method

Output Methods
  • Printer
  • Specialty printers (e.g., color printers)
  • Screens as output
  • Audio output
  • Microform -- microfilm microfiche
  • CD-ROM and DVDs
  • Pull and Push Technology
  • Electronic output
  • Email, faxes, bulletin boards

Factors to Consider When Choosing Output
  • Who will use (see) the output?
  • How many people need the output?
  • Where is the output needed?
  • What is the purpose of the output?
  • What is the speed with which the output is
  • How frequently will the output be accessed?

Factors to Consider When Choosing Output
  • How long will (or must) the output be stored?
  • Under what special regulations is the output
    produced, stored, and distributed?
  • What are the initial and ongoing costs of
    maintenance and supplies?
  • What are the environmental requirements for
    output technologies?

Possible Biases in Presentations of Output
  • the way output is used
  • how information is sorted
  • setting of limits
  • choice of graphics

Human Biases
  • bias is present in everything that humans create
  • not to judge bias as bad
  • avoid unnecessarily biasing output
  • make users aware of the possible biases in the

Avoiding Bias in the Design of Output
  • Awareness of the sources of bias
  • Interactive design of output that includes users
  • Working with users so that they are informed of
    the outputs biases
  • Creating output that is flexible and that allows
    users to modify limits and ranges
  • Training users to rely on multiple output for
    conducting reality tests on system output

Guidelines for Screen Output
  • Keep the display simple
  • Keep the presentation consistent
  • Facilitate user movement among displayed output
  • Create an attractive display

Designing Good Web Sites
  • Pay attention to
  • Structure
  • Content
  • Text
  • Graphics
  • Presentation
  • Navigation
  • Promotion