From Social Outcast to Colonial Elite : The Rise of an Eurasian Entrepreneurial Family in Hong Kong - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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From Social Outcast to Colonial Elite : The Rise of an Eurasian Entrepreneurial Family in Hong Kong

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Ho Tung in Western Costume: Early 1900's. Source : Irene Cheng 1976 : opposite p.1. Ho Tung in Chinese Costume, 1924. Source : Frances Tse Liu 2003:19. Robert Ho Tung ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: From Social Outcast to Colonial Elite : The Rise of an Eurasian Entrepreneurial Family in Hong Kong


1
From Social Outcast to Colonial Elite The Rise
of an Eurasian Entrepreneurial Family in Hong Kong
  • Louella CHENG WONG Siu-lun
  • Centre of Asian Studies
  • Hong Kong Institute for the Humanities Social
    Sciences
  • The University of Hong Kong
  • Rising Dragons, Soaring Bananas International
    Conference
  • Auckland, New Zealand, 17-19 July 2009

2
INTRODUCTION
  • Hong Kong as British colony 1842-1997
  • A new social group the Eurasians
  • Dubious origins and doubtful prospects
  • Success story of two brothers
  • Sir Robert Ho Tung (?? 1862-1957)
  • Walter Bosman (??? 1867-1946)

3
Theoretical Ideas
  • Ronald Burt social network analysis
  • Structural hole buffer between two clusters
  • Social Brokerage linkage between
    disconnected subjects
  • Social innovation Vision of options otherwise
    unseen
  • Individual brokerage middlemen and
    compradores
  • Institutional brokerage entrepôts and regional
    hubs

4
Historical Background
  • China, Britain and Hong Kong a profitable
    triangle
  • Hong Kong as regional broker
  • Special status of Hong Kong
  • Independent trading unit Chinese Maritime
    Customs
  • Hong Kong dollar unique economic role
  • Chinas gateway to world markets

5
Eurasians in Hong Kong
  • Demographic landscape in 1845
  • Chinese inhabitants 95.7
  • Expatriate community 2.9
  • British Indian troops 1.4
  • Gender imbalance in 1872
  • Sex ratio for Chinese 7 2
  • Sex ratio for expatriates 5 1
  • Sexual liaison across racial divide
  • Tabooed but inevitable
  • Emergence of Eurasians as separate social
    category in 1850s
  • a dangerous element out of the dunghill of
    neglect
  • (Endacott 1958)

6
Two Brothers Ho Tung Walter Bosman
  • Father Charles Henry Maurice Bosman
    (1839-1892)
  • Mother Madame Sze
  • Ho Tung initiated a compradorial
    family leading figure of Chinese community
    twice knighted
  • Walter Bosman trained as engineer in England
  • served as captain in Boer War
  • Director of Public Works in Zululand

7
Ho Tungs mother, Sze, c. 1890
  • Source Frances Tse Liu 200310.

8
Compradores in Ho Tung Family
  • ?? Ho Tung Jardine, Matheson Co.
  • ?? Ho Fook Jardine, Matheson Co.
  • ??? Ho Kom Tong Jardine, Matheson Co.
  • ??? Ho Sai Leung Jardine, Matheson Co.
  • ??? Ho Sai Iu Jardine, Matheson Co.
  • ??? Ho Sai Wing Hong Kong Shanghai Bank
  • ??? Ho Sai Kim Hong Kong Shanghai Bank
  • ??? Ho Sai Kwong E.D. Sasson Co.
  • ??? Ho Sai Ki E.D. Sasson Co.
  • ??? Ho Sai Cheuk Merchantile Bank
  • ??? Ho Sai Wah Merchantile Bank

9
Ho Tung in Western Costume Early 1900s
  • Source Irene Cheng 1976 opposite p.1.

10
Ho Tung in Chinese Costume, 1924
  • Source Frances Tse Liu 200319.

11
Robert Ho Tung
  • Source Florence Yeo 1994164.

12
The Defiant Fourth Walter Bosman ???
  • Source Frances Tse Liu 200313.

13
Walter Bosman 1940
  • Source W. Bosman 1940 cover page.

14
Brokerages and Innovation
  • Economic brokerage compradores
  • Legal brokerage British subjects
  • Socio-political brokerage Central School
  • Institutional innovation rhizomic family
    mother figures

15
Thank You
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