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GLOBAL ISSUES: CONFLICT and COOPERATION

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GLOBAL ISSUES: CONFLICT. and COOPERATION. What causes wars. in the world today? ... CONFLICT. and COOPERATION. GLOBAL ISSUES: Created by Pam Merrill, Edmond ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GLOBAL ISSUES: CONFLICT and COOPERATION


1
GLOBAL ISSUES CONFLICT and COOPERATION
2
What causes wars in the world today? What role
does GEOGRAPHY play in world conflicts?
3
Conflict is a state of discord caused by the
actual or perceived opposition of needs, values
and interests.
4
Conflict can refer to wars, revolutions or other
struggles, which may involve the use of force.
5
What causes conflict among nations or regions?
Among the worlds peoples?
6
Basically, all types of international and
regional conflicts can be categorized as
developing from 1. ECONOMIC 2. POLITICAL, or
3. CULTURAL causes.
7
ECONOMIC CAUSES
8
Conflict may arise over struggle for territory…
9
Some nations wish to expand their lands by
taking over territory owned by their neighbors.
10
Why might such a takeover be desired?
11
Often, nations seek more territory because they
need more natural resources.
12
Such resources might include fossil fuels or
valuable minerals, good agricultural lands,
water resources, even access to the sea for
trading purposes.
13
Such wars over resources are considered wars
started for economic reasons.
14
POLITICAL CAUSES
15
Other times, nations and people wish to takeover
neighboring lands purely to exercise their power.
16
Often these causes for conflict are referred to
as nationalist or political reasons.
17
People of a region or nation are proud of their
heritage and believe they possess they right to
takeover and rule another group of people just
because they are powerful enough to do so!
18
Another type of political conflict might arise
between those in power (control of the
government) and citizens within the country who
feel they have not been treated fairly.
19
Such citizens might have been denied political or
civil rights, such as the right to vote, to
speak freely, or to receive fair treatment in
courts of law.
20
CULTURAL CAUSES
21
Many of todays international conflicts begin
because of differences in culture.
22
Such cultural differences are often religious
differences.
23
Unfortunately, some religious groups feel their
particular religion is superior to others and
such intolerance leads to conflict.
24
Other cultural conflicts are based on ethnic or
racial differences between groups of people
living near one another.
25
One ethnic or racial group may feel superior to
others. This may lead to prejudice and
discrimination against the minority ethic or
racial group.
26
Violence or warfare might eventually break out
when minority groups attempt to fight for their
individual rights or liberties.
27
EXAMPLES of INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT
28
ECONOMIC CAUSES
29
In 1990, Iraq invaded its neighbor Kuwait in
an attempt to takeover the rich oilfields located
there…
30
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33
Over the past decades, Peru and Chile engaged
in border disputes and lawsuits in international
courts over fishing rights off the Pacific
coastline.
34
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35
Disputes are ongoing between Israel and its
neighbors, Lebanon and Syria, over use of water
resources from shared river and aquifer systems.
36
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37
Major land disputes around the world
38
POLITICAL CAUSES
39
In 1989, university students led strikes and
protests against the Chinese government to
challenge that nations authoritarian Communist
government policies banning free speech and open
elections.
40
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42
Two times in the 20th century, the nation of
Germany invaded its European neighbors in an
attempt to takeover their territory these
attempts led to World War I and II.
43
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45
In the 1980s, the Soviet Union sent troops into
Afghanistan, in an attempt to support a
Communist government there, while the United
States sent aid and military support of rebels
against the Soviet-backed government.
46
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47
CULTURAL CAUSES
48
In the mid 1990s, civil war in Rwanda broke out
between two major ethnic groups, each side
seeking power and committing horrible crimes
against civilians.
49
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50
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51
Over the last half century, the nation of Israel
has defended itself against several military
attacks by its Arab neighbors who have opposed
a Jewish state in the Middle East.
52
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53
Religious and cultural differences between Muslim
and Hindu citizens of India in the 1930s and
1940s led to the partitioning of India, creating
the Muslim nations of Pakistan and Bangladesh.
These two nations are still involved in
border disputes.
54
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55
In the 1970s and 1980s, violence broke our
between Catholic and Protestants in Northern
Ireland. Religious differences between the two
sides extended to social, economic, and
political discrimination, as well.
56
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58
Several times in the 1980s and 1990s, civil war
broke out within the former nation of Yugoslavia
as ethnic groups sought to establish their own
sovereign nations.
59
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61
As you study about the regions of the world,
analyze the causes of international conflict.
Are they political, economic, and/or cultural
causes?
62
And what can be done to resolve and avoid such
conflicts?
63
GLOBAL ISSUES CONFLICT and COOPERATION
64
GLOBAL ISSUES Created by Pam Merrill, Edmond
Public Schools
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