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Genetically modified foods and their impact on stakeholders in Virginia

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Trends in Biotechnology ... Virginia and Biotechnology. Crop value in 2003 ... Virginia's best investment in the biotechnology industry is with research and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Genetically modified foods and their impact on stakeholders in Virginia


1
Genetically modified foods and their impact on
stakeholders in Virginia
  • University of Richmond
  • Environmental Studies Senior Seminar
  • Spring 2005
  • Jessica Kitchin, Adam Renick, Amy Terepka
  • Dr. David Kitchen

2
Trends in Biotechnology
  • About ¾ of processed foods in the average
    supermarket have GM ingredients
  • GM crop production has increased by double-digits
    for the past nine years
  • Majority of GM acreage in U.S. corn, soybeans,
    and cotton

3
(No Transcript)
4
Virginia and Biotechnology
  • Crop value in 2003 represents 718 million
  • Estimated 5.6 million of that came from GM crops
  • Relatively small proportion compared to major
    agricultural states
  • Multiple universities and research institutions

5
GM Applications
  • Input based
  • Bt crops contain bacterium that acts as a
    pesticide
  • HT crops are modified to resist certain
    herbicides
  • Output based
  • Product enhancement
  • Biopharmaceutical

6
Proposed Benefits
  • Economic
  • Farmers
  • Jobs
  • Environmental
  • Lower pesticide use
  • Health
  • Nutritional benefits
  • Golden Rice

7
Proposed Risks
  • Economic
  • Corporate control
  • Cross contamination
  • Environmental
  • Increased herbicide use
  • Superweeds and Superpests
  • Health
  • Allergy
  • Antibiotics
  • Ethical Concerns

8
US vs. Europe
  • Difference in consumer reaction
  • Trust in agriculture
  • Trust in regulatory bodies
  • Media differences

9
Virginia StakeholdersUkrops Consumer Survey
  • 53 percent knew nothing or very little about
    subject of GM foods
  • 80 percent believed they had consumed a GM food
    product
  • Those with opinion on GM foods generally had
    negative reaction
  • Consumers were contradictory in their perception
    of GM foods and in their prioritization of
    factors (environmental, health, economic)
  • Conscious non-issue

10
Virginia Stakeholders
  • Research Institutions/ Universities
  • Biotechnology Industry/ Seed Companies
  • Farmers
  • Retailers
  • Consumers
  • Advocacy Groups
  • Government

11
Virginia Stakeholders
  • Research Institutions/ Universities
  • Biotechnology Industry/ Seed Companies
  • Farmers
  • Retailers
  • Consumers
  • Advocacy Groups
  • Government

12
Virginia Stakeholders
  • Research Institutions/ Universities
  • Biotechnology Industry/ Seed Companies
  • Farmers
  • Retailers
  • Consumers
  • Advocacy Groups
  • Government

13
Future of Biotech in Virginia
  • Virginias best investment in the biotechnology
    industry is with research and development of
    further technologies
  • Output based technology is the best prospect for
    agriculture
  • GM opposition can create niche market for farmers
    and retailers

14
Questions
  • GM labeling Is it necessary? If so, what will
    it take?
  • When will consumers get involved?
  • At what point does the precautionary principle
    need to override immediate or temporary benefits?
  • Is this the right technology and the right time
    for the state of Virginia?
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