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Current Developments in the NSF Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE)


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Title: Current Developments in the NSF Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE)

Current Developments in the NSF Directorate for
Computer and Information Science and
Engineering (CISE)
  • Brett D. Fleisch
  • Division of Computer and Network Systems

  • Context
  • Mission, organization strategic objectives
  • CISE 2004 2005 Reorganization
  • Divisions, Clusters, Programs
  • FY 2005 activities FY 2006 plans
  • Highlighted Emphasis Areas/Program
  • Cybertrust
  • Science of Design
  • Broadening Participation
  • GENI Initiative
  • Awareness Resources at NSF
  • Pointers on proposal writing

National Science Foundation
Dr. Arden L. Bement Director
Dr. Kathie L. Olsen Deputy Director
National Science Foundation
  • Basic scientific research research fundamental
    to the engineering process
  • Programs to strengthen scientific and engineering
    research potential
  • Science and engineering education programs at all
    levels and in all fields of science and
    engineering and,
  • A knowledge base for science and engineering
    appropriate for development of national and
    international policy

NSF Strategic Mission
  • People
  • to develop a diverse, internationally competitive
    and globally-engaged workforce of scientists,
    engineers, and well-prepared citizens
  • Ideas
  • to provide a deep and broad fundamental science
    and engineering knowledge base
  • Tools
  • to provide widely accessible, state-of-the-art
    science and engineering infrastructure
  • Organization Excellence
  • to develop an agile, innovative organization that
    fulfills its mission through leadership in
    state-of the-art business practices

CISE Mission
  • CISE has three goals
  • To uphold a position of world leadership in
    computing, communications and information science
    and engineering
  • To promote the understanding of the principles
    and advance uses of computing, communications and
    information systems in service to society
  • To contribute to universal, transparent and
    affordable participation in an information-based

Current CISE Organization
of the
Dr. Peter A. Freeman Assistant Director
Computing and
Information and
Computer and
Dr. Michael Foster CCF
Dr. Michael Pazzani IIS
Dr. Wei Zhao CNS
No picture available
CISE Strategic Objectives
  • Enhance research portfolio
  • Strengthen the core e.g.,
  • Cyber Trust (cybersecurity)
  • Science of Design
  • Emerging models of computation
  • Networking and Computer Systems
  • Broaden participation
  • Improve organizational effectiveness

CISE Budget FY05 Current Plan (M)
Funding Outlook
  • NSF funds available to support computing have
    nearly doubled in the past five years
  • However, proposals have almost tripled
  • lt 1 per yr per CS faculty member to
  • gt 1 per year
  • CISE budget outlook for near future
  • slow growth or small decline likely
  • transition of ITR funds into core programs

CISE 2004 and 2005 Reorganization Drivers
  • Scientific changes to the field
  • The same organization from 1985 to 2003
  • Administrative proposal pressure as described
  • Previously Cyberinfrastructure part of CISE
  • Financial end of ITR
  • How to invest those funds

CISE Reorganization Goals
  • Align divisions to reflect the field
  • Group similar programs into clusters
  • Sharpen focus
  • Increase flexibility
  • Eventually increase grant size duration
  • Develop and support cross-cutting emphasis areas
  • Integrate education and research
  • Build on success of ITR

Key Concept Clusters
  • Comprehensive activity in a coherent area of
    research and education
  • Team of Program Officers and staff working
    closely with the community
  • Initially group of existing programs
  • One program solicitation per cluster
  • Funds associated with solicitation

CISE Organization
Computer Systems Cluster
  • Program Directors
  • Dr. Frederica Darema High-Performance Software
  • Dr. Brett D. Fleisch Distributed Systems OS
  • Dr. D. Helen Gill - Embedded and Hybrid Systems
  • Dr. Carl Landwehr - Trusted Computing
  • My Current Activities
  • Distributed Systems and Operating Systems
  • Prepare Solicitation Announcement for Cluster
  • Community Outreach Activities
  • Continuing Grant Oversight Annual Reports
  • Workshop, Strategic Planning and Conference
  • CAREER Proposal Management

Computing and Communication Foundations (CCF)
  • Theoretical Foundations
  • Computer science theory numerical computing
    computational algebra and geometry signal
    processing and communications
  • Foundations of Computing Processes and Artifacts
  • Software engineering software tools for HPC
    programming languages compilers computer
    architecture graphics and visualization
  • Emerging Models for Technology and Computation
  • Computational biology quantum computing
    nano-scale computing biologically inspired

CCF Competitions
  • FY 2004
  • Responsible for about 1900 proposals
  • Heavy mortgages and commitments
  • Competitive proposal success rate 18
  • FY 2005 and FY 2006 One solicitation per cluster
  • CAREER competition (16 success in 2005)
  • Theoretical Foundations January 2005 due date,
    received about 440 proposals 2006 competition
  • Emerging Models for Technology and Computation
    February 2005 due date, received 150 proposals.
    2006 competition TBD
  • Foundations of Computing Processes and Artifacts
    Due Date June 20, 2005
  • FY 2007 Fall deadlines for all three clusters

Computer and Network Systems (CNS)
  • Computer Systems
  • Distributed systems embedded and hybrid systems
    Next Generation system
  • Network Systems
  • General networking wireless systems sensor
  • Computing Research Infrastructure
  • Research infrastructure minority institutional
    infrastructure research resources
  • Education and Workforce
  • Curriculum development/educational innovation IT
    workforce special projects cross-directorate
    activities (e.g., REU sites)

CNS Competitions
  • FY 2004
  • Responsible for about 2035 proposals
  • Success rates CAREER Infrastructure 18,
    others 10-15
  • FY 2005 One solicitation per cluster
  • CAREER 2005 competition complete, success rate
  • Computer Systems November 2004 due date,
    received 440 proposals.
  • Networking Technology and Systems (NeTS)
    December 2004 due date, received 500 proposals
  • Computing Research Infrastructure July/August
    2004 due date, received 250 proposals
  • Education and Workforce REU Site competition
    complete, IGERT ongoing
  • FY 2006 - similar deadlines see CISE web site

CSR Cluster Competition
  • Program Directors
  • Dr. Frederica Darema, Senior Science and
    Technology Advisor
  • High-Performance Software
  • Dr. Brett D. Fleisch
  • Distributed Systems Operating Systems
  • Dr. D. Helen Gill
  • Embedded and Hybrid Systems
  • Dr. Carl Landwehr -
  • Trusted Computing
  • 37 Million solicitation

FY 2005 CSR Program Results
Information and Intelligent Systems (IIS)
  • Systems in Context
  • Human computer interaction educational
    technology robotics computer-supported
    cooperative work digital government
  • Understanding, Inference, and Data
  • Databases artificial intelligence text, image,
    speech, and video analysis information
    retrieval knowledge systems
  • Science Engineering Informatics/Information
  • Bioinformatics geoinformatics cognitive
  • Driven by a computer science agenda and
    application domains

IIS Competitions
  • FY 2004
  • Responsible for about 2590 proposals
  • Success rates CAREER 17, regular 5
  • Heavy mortgages and committments
  • FY 2005
  • CAREER almost complete, awards still being made
  • Science Engineering Informatics December 2004
    due date, 200 proposals received, merit review
  • Universal Access December 2004 due date,
    received 50 proposals, merit review ongoing
  • Data, Inference, and Understanding and Systems in
    Context Combined solicitation, with proposals
    due in May 2005.
  • FY 2006 Same deadlines as in FY 2005

Cross-Foundational Programs
  • IGERT preliminary proposals by Feb 2005
  • The Integrative Graduate Education and Research
    Traineeship (IGERT) program seeks to train PhD
    scientists and engineers with the
    interdisciplinary background and the technical,
    professional and personal skills needed to
    address the global questions of the future
  • REU Sites August 2005, tell students about
    summer opportunities, post flyer
  • ADVANCE spring 2005, institutional
    transformation and leadership
  • GK-12 - May, June, great fellowships and outreach
  • CAREER spring 2005, recognized starting place
    for new faculty

CAREER Program
  • Foundation-wide activity that offers the National
    Science Foundations most prestigious awards for
    new faculty
  • NSF supports the early career development
    activities of those faculty members who are most
    likely to become the academic leaders of the 21st
  • CAREER awards have a 5-year duration
  • In FY06, the minimum CAREER award (including
    indirect costs) is 400,000 for all NSF

Cross Cutting Emphasis Areas

Cross-Cutting Emphasis Areas
  • Characteristics
  • Cuts across clusters and divisions
  • Addresses scientific or national priority
  • Has a program solicitation and funds
  • FY05 Emphasis Areas Cyber Trust, Science of
    Design, Information Integration, DDDAS Dynamic
    Data Driven Application Systems
  • FY 2006 Emphasis Areas
  • Cyber Trust February 6 2006
  • Science of Design Waiting for New Solicitation
  • Information Integration December 2005
  • Broadening Participation April 06

Cyber Trust

CyberTrust Theme
  • Vision A society in which
  • Computing systems operate securely and reliably
  • Computing systems protect sensitive information
  • Systems are developed and operated by a
    well-trained and diverse workforce
  • Research on foundations, network security,
    systems software, and information systems
  • Integrated education and workforce activities

  • On July 19, 2001, more than 359,000 computers
    were infected with the Code-Red worm in less than
    14 hours
  • This worm infects computers running Microsoft's
    Internet Information Server web server software
  • It starts with a 19-day infection cycle
  • it seeks out new machines to infect
  • It goes through an eight-day attack cycle during
    which all infected servers attack the same IP
    address or host name
  • Each server devotes 99 threads to attacking the
    target with a massive Distributed Denial of
    Service attack, delivering something on the order
    of 20 gigabits-per-second on a single target

National Cyber Security Context
Homeland Security Critical Infrastructure
Protection Cyber Security Cyber Trust
  • Homeland
  • Security

Cyber Trust Emphasis
  • Center-scale up to 10M over 5 years
  • Teams up to 2M over 3 years
  • Single investigators up to 500k over 3 years
  • FY 2004 competition
  • 30M available in FY 2004
  • 390 projects proposed
  • 32 awards with success rate 8
  • FY 2005 competition
  • 500 proposals received in February 2005, no data
    available yet on project s

Science of Design

Science of Design
  • Considers formal theories and computational
    methods for the representation, synthesis, and
    evaluation of designs and requirements
  • Design processes supporting compositionality,
    maintainability, adaptability and evolution
  • The role of requirements and specifications in
  • Computer-aided design for software-intensive
  • Studies of designs, designers and design
  • Development of design education and the
    integration of knowledge about design
    methodologies into educational curriculum and
  • Training for computer scientists, software
    engineers and systems engineers.

Science of Design
  • FY 2004 competition
  • Proposals received in May 2004
  • Projects up to 300,000k/year for 3 to 5 years
  • Received 190 proposals (160 projects)
  • Made 16 awards, project success rate of 10
  • 10 million invested
  • FY 2005 competition
  • New solicitation to be released in summer of

Solicitation Information
  • Information about the 2nd Science of Design
    solicitation will appear in September on the CISE
    web page
  • This years competition will be significantly
    different than last years
  • It will encourage team projects to bring new
    thinking and people into the effort
  • It will lay a fundamental basis for the creation
    of software-intensive systems
  • An informational meeting for potential PI's is
    being planned for late September/early October

Broadening Participation in Computing Program

BPC Program
  • The Broadening Participation in Computing (BPC)
    program aims to significantly increase the number
    of students who are U.S. citizens and permanent
    residents receiving post secondary degrees in the
    computing disciplines.
  • New Program FY05
  • Available Funds 14 Million
  • Full Proposal April 5, 2006
  • Check CISE web site concerning which proposals
    require a Letter of Intent and due dates

BPC Program
  • Initial Emphasis will be on students from
    communities with longstanding under-representation
    in computing
  • Women, persons with disabilities, and
  • Minorities African Americans, Hispanics,
    American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native
    Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders.
  • Develop and implement innovative methods to
    improve recruitment and retention of these
    students at the undergraduate and graduate levels
  • Develop effective strategies for identifying and
    supporting members of the targeted groups who
    want to pursue academic careers in computing

BPC Program Components
  • Alliances (up to 1M/year for up to 3 years)
  • Comprehensive programs that address
    under-representation in the computing disciplines
  • Join academic institutions of higher learning
    with secondary schools, government, industry,
    professional societies, and other not-for-profit
  • Demonstration Projects(average 200k/year for
  • Demonstration Projects (DPs) are smaller in scope
    and narrower in focus than Alliance projects.
  • DPs will be pilots that could be incorporated
    into the activities of an Alliance
  • Supplements

GENI Initiative

GENI Initiative
  • New Initiative called Global Environment for
    Networking Investigations or GENI
  • Explore new networking capabilities that will
    advance science and stimulate innovation and
    economic growth.
  • Advance significantly the capabilities provided
    by networking and distributed system
  • Intended to catalyze a broad community effort
    that will engage other agencies, other countries,
    and corporate entities.
  • GENI comprises two components
  • 1) the GENI Research Program and
  • 2) the experimental GENI Facility

GENI Initiative
  • The GENI Initiative envisions the creation of new
    networking and distributed system architectures
    that, for example
  • Build in security and robustness
  • Enable the vision of pervasive computing and
    bridge the gap between the physical and virtual
    worlds by including mobile, wireless and sensor
  • Enable control and management of other critical
  • Include ease of operation and usability and
  • Enable new classes of societal-level services and

GENI Initiative
  • The GENI Initiative will support research,
    design, and development of new networking and
    distributed systems capabilities by
  • Creating new core functionality Going beyond
    existing paradigms of datagram, packet and
    circuit switching designing new naming,
    addressing, and overall identity architectures,
    and new paradigms of network management
  • Developing enhanced capabilities Building
    security into the architecture designing for
    high availability balancing privacy and

GENI Initiative (contd)
  • Deploying and validating new architectures
    Designing new architectures that incorporate
    emerging technologies (e.g., new wireless and
    optical technologies) and new computing paradigms
    enabled by pervasive devices
  • Building higher-level service abstractions
    Using, for example, information objects,
    location-based services, and identity frameworks
  • Building new services and applications Making
    large-scale distributed applications secure,
    robust and manageable developing principles and
    patterns for distributed applications and
  • Developing new network architecture theories
    Investigating network complexity, scalability,
    and economic incentives

GENI Outreach
  • In planning for GENI CISE has supported numerous
    community workshops
  • CISE is supporting on-going planning efforts,
    including needs assessment and requirements for
    the GENI Facility.
  • CISE will hold town meetings and continue to
    support future workshops to broaden community
  • CISE will work with industry, other US agencies,
    and international groups to broaden participation
    in GENI beyond NSF and the US government.

Resources at your Disposal
  • Keeping Aware Resources
  • Proposal Preparation
  • Grant Management
  • Hurricane Katrina Updates to Awardees

Resources at your Disposal Keeping Aware
  • Funding Opportunities Calendar at NSF
  • Guide to Programs/Browsing of Funding
    Opportunities at NSF Web site
  • Funding Search Engine at NSF web site
  • Upcoming Due dates/Events and Events Calendar
  • Example On Sept. 16 the National Science
    Foundation (NSF) will host more than a dozen
    robots and their creators to showcase advanced
    robotics technology from across the nation

Proposal Preparation
  • Grant Proposal Guide
  • Frequently Ask Questions
  • Regional Grants Conferences

Award Management
  • Grant Policy Manual
  • Grant General Questions
  • Cooperative Agreements Conditions
  • Federal Demonstration Project
  • NSF Policy Office Website

Hurricane Katrina Information for Awardees
NSF Response to Katrina
  • NSF pledges strong and continuing sponsorship of
    research and education in affected areas
  • NSF is committed to minimize disruption to our
    grantees, to the academic science and engineering
    enterprise, and to the valuable federal
    investment in colleges, universities, faculty and
    students in the region

An unmanned aerial vehicle operated by Safety
Security Rescue Research Center (SSRRC) team
members captured this image of devastation in
Pearlington, Miss., during a search for survivors
of Hurrican Katrina. SSRRC is one fo the National
Science Foundation's Industry-University
Cooperative Research Centers.
Observations on Proposal Preparation
NSF Merit Review Process

NSF Merit Review Criteria
  • Criteria include
  • What is the intellectual merit and quality of the
    proposed activity?
  • What are the broader impacts of the proposed

What is the intellectual merit of the proposed
  • Potential Considerations
  • How important is the proposed activity to
    advancing knowledge and understanding within its
    own field or across different fields?
  • How well qualified is the proposer (individual or
    team) to conduct the project?
  • To what extent does the proposed activity suggest
    and explore creative and original concepts?
  • How well conceived and organized is the proposed
    activity? (Management plan)
  • Is there sufficient access to resources?

What are the broader impacts of the proposed
  • Potential Considerations
  • How well does the activity advance discovery and
    understanding while promoting teaching, training
    and learning?
  • How well does the activity broaden the
    participation of underrepresented groups (e.g.,
    gender, ethnicity, disability, geographic, etc.)?
  • To what extent will it enhance the infrastructure
    for research and education, such as facilities,
    instrumentation, networks and partnerships?
  • Will the results be disseminated broadly to
    enhance scientific and technological
  • What may be the benefits of the proposed activity
    to society?

Seven Deadly Sins of Proposal Writing
  • Fail to focus on the problems and payoffs
  • No persuasive structure
  • No clear differentiation competitive analysis
  • Fail to offer a compelling value proposition
    potential impact
  • Key points are buried no highlights, no impact
  • Difficult to read full of jargon, too long, too
  • Credibility killers misspellings, grammatical
    errors, wrong client name, and inconsistent

Ingredients for a Good Proposal
  • Educate the reviewers and the Program Director
  • What problem(s) does you work address?
  • Why is this problem important?
  • What will you do to contribute to a solution?
  • What unique ideas/approaches do you have? Put in
  • Why are you the best person to do this work?
  • How will you evaluate your results?
  • How will we know if you were successful or if you
  • How will you assure that the work has an impact?

  • NSFs role is fundamental to all areas of our
    society - the most basic future investment
  • Computer science and related disciplines are very
    important in their own right and essential to
    advancement in all areas of SE
  • NSF is the acknowledged leader in funding
    Computer Science and Engineering
  • NSF and our field are facing unprecedented
    pressures that can only be overcome by concerted,
    cooperative action

Help from the Community
  • Submit High Quality Proposals
  • Innovative, but achievable
  • Well-written Address broader impacts
  • Participate in Reviewing/Panels
  • Keep an open mind to alternative approaches
  • Give Constructive Reviews
  • Keep Program Manager informed of findings
  • Nuggets
  • CISE Newsletter
  • Joint Press Releases
  • PowerPoint of Conference Presentations
  • Participate in NSF Workshops

(No Transcript)
Contact Information
  • Dr. Brett D. Fleisch
  • Program Director, Computer Systems Cluster
  • Computer and Network Systems Division
  • CISE Directorate
  • Phone 703-292-8950
  • visit NSF at

My proposal wasnt accepted. Should I resubmit?
YES, but
  • Rated Highly Competitive but not funded à
    Update proposal (6 months to a year have passed),
    address concerns and resubmit if proposal still
  • The reviewers didnt get it
  • Was the proposal clear? Especially abstract
    how it is a significant advantage over state of
    art broadly defined.
  • Was it sent to the right program? We almost
    always fix within CNS, sometimes with CISE and
    rarely across NSF.
  • Too preliminary Do some initial work and
  • Constructive Criticism in reviews. Fix, update,
    make sure its clear

My proposal wasnt accepted. Should I resubmit?
YES, but
  • Multidisciplinary but the other discipline didnt
    like it. Are you dabbling or doing
    multidisciplinary work? If the other discipline
    is more of an inspiration than an application,
    keep it out of the title and abstract or mention
    several in the abstract
  • Didnt address broader impacts à Mention outreach
    programs at university and/or help dept, school
    create some. Will your software and DATA be
    available to others, etc
  • Multi-investigator Integrate research topics
    rather than append them. Be critical of each