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Chocolate and Cardiovascular Disease

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It has only mild chocolate flavor and aroma and is the only cacao component in white chocolate. Cocoa butter is used to make real chocolate. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chocolate and Cardiovascular Disease


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Chocolate and Cardiovascular Disease
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  • Chocolate has been criticized for its saturated
    fat content and lauded for it antioxidants

7
Saturated fat content
  • Stearic Acid a long chain fatty acid commonly
    found in meats and dairy products, but found in
    cocoa butter.
  • Cocoa butter, also called theobroma oil, is the
    edible natural fat of the cacao bean. It has only
    mild chocolate flavor and aroma and is the only
    cacao component in white chocolate.
  • Cocoa butter is used to make real chocolate. It
    has a melting point of around 93 to 100 degrees,
    solid at room temperature but melts once inside
    the mouth.

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Fat content of Cocoa Butter
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  • Saturated fat affects LDL and total cholesterol
  • Stearic and palmitic may not be
    non-cholesterolemic
  • 60 controlled trials showed that stearic acid
    does not alter blood lipids
  • Plant based saturated fats may be different from
    animal based ones
  • Stearic acid appears to have a neutral or
    somewhat beneficial effect on blood pressure and
    clotting factors.

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  • One regular Hersheys milk chocolate bar has 85
    mg of flavonoid antioxidants, procyanidins, and
    flavanols

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  • These
  • Have antioxidant effects
  • Have anti-platelet effects
  • Have anti inflammatory effects
  • May increase HDL
  • May lower blood pressure
  • May improve endothelial function

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  • In 11 studies that looked at flavinoids and
    coronary heart disease death, only one showed in
    an increase in risk.
  • The average relative risk between consumption
    tertiles was .81.

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Conclusion
  • Epidemiologic data and feeding trials suggest
    flavonoid intake from chocolate is likely
    protective against CVD and that dark chocolate
    appears to have even greater benefits.
  • Dark chocolate appears better.
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