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THE NEW DEMOCRACY CHAPTER 13

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AJ ignores decision Trail of Tears. 2--1832 Illinois/Wisc. Problems led by Blackhawk ... TRAIL OF TEARS 1838-39. IMAGE OF AJ 'KING ANDREW' 1836 ELECTION. Whig ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE NEW DEMOCRACY CHAPTER 13


1
THE NEW DEMOCRACYCHAPTER 13
  • Jeffersonian vs. Jacksonian

2
Increased Democracy
3
CHANGES IN POLITICS
  • 1-TACTICSBANNERS, PARADES
  • 2-ELECTORAL COLLEGE REPRESENTATIVES CHOSEN BY
    PEOPLE
  • 3-CAUCUS OUT-----CONVENTIONS IN
  • 4-SPOILS SYSTEM
  • 5-3RD PARTY CANDIDATES
  • 6-WHITE MALE SUFFRAGE (RIGHT TO VOTE)
  • 7-2 PARTY SYSTEM RETURNS IN 1832

4
VOTER TURNOUT
5
1824 ELECTION
  • JQ ADAMS-NE
  • CLAY AND AJ---WEST
  • CALHOUN AND CRAWFORDSOUTH
  • NO MAJORITYUSE 12TH AMENDMENT TO HAVE HOUSE PICK
    FROM TOP 3 CANDIDATES

6
CORRUPT BARGAIN
  • AJGETS 42 OF THE VOTE
  • JQA-GETS 32 OF THE VOTE
  • IN ELECTORAL COLLEGE----
  • AJGETS 99 VOTES
  • JQA-GETS 84 VOTES
  • CLAY (SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE) HAS 37 VOTES TO
    GIVE TO JQA CLAY BECOMES SEC. OF STATE

7
PRESIDENCY OF JQ ADAMS
  • PROBLEMS
  • 3 KEY ITEMS
  • WANTS TO IMPROVE
  • EDUCATION ROADS/CANALS ETC.

8
TARIFF OF 1824
  • INCREASED TARIFF FROM 23 TO 37
  • NETOO HIGHBUT WONT VETO PROTECTIONISM

9
1828 TARIFF
  • BOGUS TAX BILL JUST TO EMBARRASS JQA
  • INCREASE TARIFF TO 45
  • WOOL OTHER PRODUCTS
  • HOW DOES EACH REGION RESPOND?
  • NORTH
  • SOUTH
  • WEST

10
TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS (1828)
  • JOHN C. CALHOUN---unjust unconstitutional
  • Calhoun---states should nullify
  • nullification crisis
  • Secede if necessary

11
1828 ELECTION
  • NATL REP.JQAultranationalistic
  • DEM. REPAJshall the people rule?
  • AJwins south, west, laborers of east
  • Against corruption of govt
  • mudslinging
  • revolution of 1829increased voter turnout
    shift power from east to west

12
CENTER OF THE NATION MOVES WEST---AJS CENTER OF
POWER
13
AJ AS PRESIDENT
  • SPOILS SYSTEM
  • PEGGY EATON AFFAIR
  • KITCHEN CABINET
  • VPCALHOUN RESIGNS IN 1832
  • KEY ISSUES
  • SLAVERY
  • TARIFF
  • BANK
  • NATIVE AMERICANS

14
Peggy Eaton Affair
15
OLD SOUTH UNDER ATTACK
  • 1822-SLAVE REBELLION BY Denmark Vessey Nat
    Turner revolt
  • Britain wants US to abolish slavery
  • Tariff of 1828 gives no protection to South
  • encroachment on states rightswill slavery be
    next????

16
JEFFERSON DAY DINNER 1830ISSUE OF NULLIFICATION
  • WebsterLiberty and Union, now and forever, one
    inseparable(
  • From Webster-Hayne Debate in Senate
  • AJ-The Unionit must be preserved
  • Calhounthe union, next to our liberty, most
    dear

17
1832--EVENTS
  • Tariff of 1832decrease to 35
  • South Carolina Convention
  • Nullies vs. Unionists
  • AJ vs. Hayne (SC Governor)
  • AJsends military
  • Compromise Tariff of 1833
  • Force Bill

18
1832 ElectionMore Mass Democracy
  • AJDem. Republicans
  • vs.
  • ClayNational Republicans
  • WirtAnti-masonic
  • Results

19
(No Transcript)
20
AJ AND THE BANK
  • Prior to 1832 election, Clay wants to recharter
    the Bank of the US
  • If AJ signs it---?
  • If AJ vetoes it--?
  • 1833AJ puts in state/pet banks
  • Nicholas Biddle (Pres of the Bank)
  • Calls in loans---creates Biddles Panic
  • Unstable economyincreased loans spending

21
BANKING PROBLEMS PART 2
  • According to AJbank is Anti-Western, corrupt
  • 1836 SPECIE CIRCULAR
  • Buy land with gold/silver only (hard )
  • RESULTS
  • loses value
  • Credit not available
  • Businesses fail
  • Land sales fall
  • Unemployment increases
  • PANIC OF 1837
  • bank charter expires 1836

22
PANIC OF 1837 SPREADS
23
AJ NATIVE AMERICANS
  • 1--Cherokees of Georgiago to Supreme Court to
    get land back
  • AJignores decisionTrail of Tears
  • 2--1832Illinois/Wisc. Problems led by Blackhawk
  • Jefferson Davis Lincoln crush Natives
  • 3FloridaSeminoles hide in Everglades 7 year
    guerrilla warfare
  • 1837Osceola (leader of Seminoles) taken by US
    moved to Oklahoma

24
INDIAN REMOVAL
25
TRAIL OF TEARS 1838-39
26
IMAGE OF AJKING ANDREW
27
1836 ELECTION
  • Whig Party develops
  • Anti-AJ industrialists States Rights
  • Supporters of American System
  • Candidate---Wm. Henry Harrison
  • DemocratsMartin Van Buren
  • AJs replacement

28
ELECTION OF 1836
29
MVB as President
  • 1837Economic Panic
  • Causes
  • Results
  • 1840 Divorce Bill
  • Canadian Rebellion
  • Texas??
  • Anti-Slavery issues

30
TEXASTIMELINE
  • 1821-Texas is part of Mexico
  • 1823land grants to Stephen Austin
  • 1830Mexico abolishes slavery
  • 1833---Austin tries to negotiate with Santa Ana
    (Mex. Dictator)
  • 1835---Santa Ana abolishes rights army controls
    Texas

31
TEXAS TIMELINE PART 2
  • 1835Texas Fever30,000 settlers
  • 1836Texas declares Independence from Mexico
  • Sam Houstonleader Jim Bowie, Commander Travis
  • March 13 1836The Alamo
  • 6,000 Mexicans vs. 200 Texans
  • I shall never surrender nor retreat. Victory or
    Death

32
TEXAS TIMELINE PART 3
  • March 27, 1836Goliad Massacre
  • April 1836San Jacinto
  • Santa Ana capturedsign treaty
  • Withdraw forces Rio Grande is border
  • WHAT TO DO WITH TEXAS NOW???

33
1840 Election
  • DemVan Buren
  • WhigsWm. Henry Harrison VP John Tyler
    (Virginia)
  • Tippecanoe Tyler too
  • Issueless and enemyless
  • Hard Cider Log Cabincampaign
  • Harrison winsserves 31 daysdies
  • Tyler takes over

34
New Democracy Developed from 1828-1840
  • 2 party system
  • Both grow out of Jeffersonian Democracy
  • Jacksonian Demsindividual rights states rights,
    govt restraint
  • Whigsmoral reforms public education American
    system govt helps community
  • COMMON FEATUREScommon man, social diversity,
    geographically diverse mass/popular appealnot
    sectionalized
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