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LarcenyTheft, Fraud, WhiteCollar and Environmental Crime

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Larceny/theft is the unlawful taking, carrying, leading or driving away of ... The main problems in investigating environmental crimes are understanding the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LarcenyTheft, Fraud, WhiteCollar and Environmental Crime


1
Chapter 14
  • Larceny/Theft, Fraud, White-Collar and
    Environmental Crime

2
Larceny/Theft
  • Larceny/theft is the unlawful taking, carrying,
    leading or driving away of property from the
    possession of another.
  • Both larceny and burglary are crimes against
    property, but larceny, unlike burglary, does not
    involve illegally entering a structure. Larceny
    differs from robbery in that no force or threat
    of force is involved.

3
Elements of the CrimeLarceny/Theft
  • The felonious stealing, taking, carrying, leading
    or driving away,
  • Of anothers personal goods or property,
  • Valued above (grand) or below (petty) a specified
    amount,
  • With the intent to permanently deprive the owner
    of the property or goods.

4
Classification of Larceny/Theft
  • The categories of larceny/theft are grand
    larceny, a felony, and petty larceny, a
    misdemeanor, based on the value of the property
    stolen.
  • In most states taking found property with the
    intent to keep or sell it is a crime.

5
Types of Larceny/Theft
  • Purse snatching
  • Picking pockets
  • Theft from coin machines
  • Shoplifting
  • Employee theft
  • Bicycle theft
  • Theft from motor vehicles
  • Theft from buildings
  • Theft of motor vehicle accessories
  • Mail Theft
  • Jewelry theft

6
Other Types of Larceny/Theft
  • Art theft
  • Numismatic theft, coins, metals and paper money
  • Agricultural theft
  • Fish and Wildlife theft
  • Cargo theft

7
Fraud
  • An intentional deception to cause a person to
    give up property or some lawful right. It differs
    from theft in that fraud uses deceit rather than
    stealth to obtain goods illegally.
  • Telemarketing fraud costs about 40 billion
    annually.
  • Health care fraud costs 30 billion a year.

8
Types of Fraud
  • Confidence games
  • Real estate fraud
  • Telephone fraud
  • Mail fraud
  • Counterfeiting checks, debit or credit cards
  • Counterfeiting money

9
Other types of Fraud
  • Easy-credit scams
  • Bogus prize offers
  • Phony home repairs
  • Travel scams
  • Cyber-scams
  • Identify Fraud

10
Telephone Fraud
  • Slamming
  • Cramming
  • Gouging
  • Sliding
  • Jamming
  • Fluffing

11
White-Collar Crime
  • Illegal acts characterized by fraud, concealment,
    or a violation of trust, which are not dependent
    upon the actual or threatened use of physical
    force or violence.

12
Types of White-Collar Crime
  • Securities theft and fraud
  • Insurance fraud
  • Credit-card and check fraud
  • Consumer fraud, illegal competition and deceptive
    practices
  • Bankruptcy fraud
  • Computer-related fraud
  • Embezzlement and pilferage
  • Bribes, kickbacks and payoffs
  • Receiving stolen property

13
Environmental Crime
  • Awareness of environmental crimes and the
    penalties that accompany them has increased
    dramatically over the years.
  • The main problems in investigating environmental
    crimes are understanding the numerous laws
    regarding what constitutes environmental crime
    and collaborating with civil regulatory agencies.

14
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