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African American Students: Bridging the Cultural Gap before Closing the Achievement Gap

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Title: African American Students: Bridging the Cultural Gap before Closing the Achievement Gap


1
African American StudentsBridging the
Cultural Gap before Closing the Achievement Gap
  • Presented by Dr. H.E. Doc Holliday
  • Assistant Professor Kennesaw State University
  • hhollida_at_kennesaw.edu
  • 678-797-2234 KSU
  • www.edtransform.com

2
Introduction Background
  • Principal for parts of four different decades
  • Worked in Ohio and Georgia
  • Graduated thousands of students
  • Worked at the college, high school, middle, and
    central office levels
  • 40-50 of my assistants have moved into
    principalships, college level or central office
    leadership positions.
  • Ph.D. from The Ohio State University
  • Currently Assistant Professor of EDL at KSU
  • Research centers on www.edtransform.com
  • Improved SAT scores 43 points in one three year
    period
  • Introduced Gender Education to Metro Atlanta
    Schools

3
Purpose of This Seminar
  • To Dispel Academic Myths Regarding African
    American Students
  • To Review Cutting Edge Research and Common Sense
    Approaches That Work With African American
    Students
  • To Clarify Challenges and Map Out Instructional
    Strategies To Close the Achievement Gap of
    African American Students in Public Schools

4
What Is Achievement?
  • 50 of Achievement is Attributed to Self Esteem
    Being Competent Confident
  • 25 of Achievement is Attributed to IQ
  • 25 of Achievement is Attributed to Opportunities
    Experiences

5
Kids Dont Care How Much You Know Until They
Know How Much You Care Unknown Author
  • Building Relationships
  • Rebuilding the Human Spirit
  • Setting Boundaries
  • Killing them with Kindness

6
Teaching
  • The art of teaching is the art of assisting
    discovery. You can teach a lesson for a day but
    if you teach curiosity, you teach for a lifetime.
    Its too bad that the people who really know how
    to run the country are busy teaching school.
    When truth stands in your way, you are headed in
    the wrong direction. When teaching the love of
    truth, never lose the truth of love.

7
Why Cant Low Income Minority Students Produce
Better Academically?
  • Reason 1 We Teach Different Students Different
    Things.
  • Reason 2 Ineffective and Poorly Trained
    Teachers Are In The Most Challenging
    Environments.
  • Reason 3 Expectations Are Low. The Work
    Required In Not Rigorous At All (coloring, maps,
    handouts).

8
What You Must Be Ready For
  • Shocking Experiences How To Handle Them
  • Be Cool, Calm, Collected, Capable, Confident,
    Caring, Consistent
  • Do Not Cry, Cuss, or Complain

9
Dr. Ruby Payne Research Charts
  • What is Poverty?
  • The Framework for Understanding Poverty
  • Financial Physical
  • Emotional Support Systems
  • Mental Relationships
  • Spiritual Knowledge of Hidden Rules

10
Not Everything That Is Faced Can Be Changed, But
Nothing Can Be Changed Until It Is Facedby
James Baldwin
11
Digital Immigrant Teachers
  • Prefer slow and controlled release of information
    from limited sources.
  • Prefer singular processing and single or limited
    tasking.
  • Prefer to provide text before pictures, sounds,
    and video.
  • Prefer to provide information linearly,
    logically, and sequentially.
  • Prefer students to work independently rather than
    network and interact.
  • Prefer to teach just-in-case (its on the
    exam).
  • Prefer deferred gratification and deferred
    rewards.
  • Prefer to teach to the curriculum guide and
    standardized tests.

12
Digital Native Learners
  • Prefer receiving information quickly from
    multiple multimedia sources.
  • Prefer parallel processing and multitasking.
  • Prefer processing pictures, sounds, and video
    before text.
  • Prefer random access to hyperlinked Multimedia
    information.
  • Prefer to interact/network simultaneously with
    many others.
  • Prefer to learn just-in-time.
  • Prefer instant gratification and instant rewards.
  • Prefer learning that is relevant, instantly
    useful, and fun.

13
7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen
Covey
  • 1. Be Proactive
  • 2. Begin with the End in Mind
  • 3. Put First Things First
  • 4. Thing Win-Win
  • 5. Seek First to Understand, Then to Be
    Understood
  • 6. Synergize
  • 7. Sharpen the Saw

14
Love Being A Teacher
  • The Mediocre Teacher tells,
  • The Good Teacher Explains,
  • The Superior Teachers Shows,
  • The Great Teacher Inspires!

15
The Campbell Middle School Story
  • Why We Had To Change or Die
  • Data was Obvious
  • Sixty Minutes by Leslie Stahl (2003)
  • 1400 Students
  • 84 on Free and Reduced Lunch
  • 44 Transient Rate of Students
  • 25-30 Teacher Turnover Rate
  • 70 of Students had no Father in the Home
  • 2 of Parents Involved in PTSA
  • 30 of Students Had Been Involved in the Juvenile
    Justice System
  • 52 African American/35 Hispanic
  • 20 of Students in Special Education Classes

16
Learning Strategies That Work For Boys
  • Friendly competition by groups/teams
  • Family Group of fours
  • Positive reinforcement
  • Varied activities geared toward the male interest
  • Manipulative/Hands on activities
  • Graphic Organizers
  • Assignments involving technology
  • Promote Starting lessons on time
  • Quick tension release activities
  • Athletic themes for academic activities
  • Rubrics

17
Learning Strategies That Work for Girls
  • Friendly competition by individual
  • Shared time assignments with peers
  • Family grouping of fours
  • Allow flexibility in choosing writing topics and
    projects
  • Rubrics
  • Task oriented assignments
  • Graphic organizers
  • Note taking Writing assignments that offer choice
  • Enjoy challenging quick moving structured classes
  • Focused on task class discussions

18
Learning Strategies To Avoid For Boys
  • Large Classes
  • Long Projects-KISS (keep it short and simple)
  • Long note taking assignments
  • Prolonged Group Work Assignments
  • Negative Criticism
  • Long Periods of Quiet Work
  • Prolonged Teacher Lecturing
  • Down Time before or during class

19
Learning Strategies To Avoid For Girls
  • Slow-paced Assignments
  • Not willing to move seating arrangements
  • Too much Group Work
  • Too much Open Discussion Time
  • Unlimited Amounts of Competition

20
Other Strategies to Avoid for Both
  • Pro-Longed Activities that have Few Breaks
  • Eliminate Down Time Especially for Boys
  • Unplanned Activities (Winging It)
  • Worksheets Majority of Each Class

21
Differences Between the Genders
  • Males Females
  • Extrinsic Learners Intrinsic Learners
  • Impulsive Self-Motivated
  • Fidgety Short Term Memory
  • Abstract Reasoning Inductive Thinking
  • Spatial Relationships Better Writers
  • Deductive Reasoning Better Listeners
  • Better in Math Better in Reading
  • Movement Note taking skills
  • Thrives on Competition Enjoys some Competition

22
Mathematics Data
23
Language Arts Data
24
Why Do Students Act Out?
  • Attention
  • Power
  • Revenge
  • Fear of Failure

25
Behaviors Interventions
  • 1. Laugh when disciplined Understand the
    reason for the behavior. Tell the students three
    or four other behaviors that are more
    appropriate.
  • 2. Argue loudly with the teacher Dont argue
    with the students. Use the four part sheet and
    have them write the answers to the questions.
    Model respect for students.
  • 3. Inappropriate or vulgar comments Have
    students generate phrases that could be used to
    say the same thing.
  • 4. Angry Response Respond in an adult voice.
    Discuss other responses they could have had.

26
Behaviors Interventions contd
  • 5. Cannot follow directions Write steps on
    board. Have them write on top of paper the steps
    needed to finish a task.
  • 6. Physical fight Stress that fighting is
    unacceptable. Examine other options.
  • 7. Harm other students, verbally or physically
    Tell students that aggression is not a choice.
    Have them generate options
  • 8. Talk incessantly Have students write all
    questions on a note card two days a week. Tell
    students that each gets five comments a day.
    Build participatory activities into the lesson.

27
What Does Good Classroom Management Look Like?
  • On the first day make sure that each student
    feels like he or she belongs Roxann Rose
  • Freedom with Limits
  • Shared Responsibility
  • Structured Choices
  • Self Discipline Encouraged
  • Mutual Respect
  • Teacher As Student
  • Result Equals Cooperation Responsibility

28
Dare To Be Different Relevant
29
Questions Answers
  • Contact Information
  • Dr. H.E. Doc Holliday
  • Kennesaw State University
  • 678-797-2234 KSU
  • 770-499-8340 Home
  • hhollida_at_kennesaw.edu
  • www.edtransform.com
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