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Learning Styles of African American Children

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Evidence suggest that African American students do learn differently then Caucasian students. ... Stages an African American child goes through with a white ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Learning Styles of African American Children


1
Learning Styles of African American Children
  • Krista Morris
  • Multicultural Education
  • Dr. Beth Christian
  • November 2, 2007

2
Introduction
  • Evidence suggest that African American students
    do learn differently then Caucasian students.
    However, different styles of learning should not
    be an indicator of inferiority. African Americans
    have adapted different styles of learning due to
    environmental influences that have been passed
    down through generations. I have chosen to do
    this topic because I believe all teachers will
    come into contact with African American students
    at one point in their career. I believe it is
    important to break down stereotypes concerning
    African American students and their learning
    styles. This topic is important in todays
    society because African American students overall
    score less on standardized tests than Caucasian
    students. We as future teachers need to learn
    strategies to reach out to our African American
    students so we can help close the gap on
    standardized test scores.

3
Overview
  • Stereotypes associated with African American
    learners
  • Environmental Influences
  • African American students and their preferred
    styles of learning.
  • Stages an African American child goes through
    with a white teacher to build trust
  • Standardized Test Score Gap
  • Strategies teachers can use to peak their African
    American students performance .

4
Stereo Types Associated with African American
Learners
  • Behaviors appear impulsive
  • Short Attention Span, shallow concentration,
    easily distracted, prefers movement
  • The teacher is viewed as the problem
  • Not motivated to achievement related goals
  • External Locus of control
  • Passive
  • Low confidence in ability to solve intellectual
    problems.

5
Environmental Influences
  • Understanding African American culture is
    essential in understanding how African American
    children learn.
  • Cultural Customs passed on from generation to
    generation from specific communities in Africa
    have been very influential on African American
    learning styles.
  • The African American church and family have been
    the main influence on African American learning
    styles.

6
African American students and their preferred
styles of learning
  • African American children generally learn more
    successfully in ways characterized by harmony,
    cooperation, affect, and socialization.
  • African American students show a preference for
    the employment of visual information processing.
  • Evidence from the Myers-Brigg type indicator test
    suggests that African American students are more
    field dependant, spontaneous, open minded and
    flexible then their European American
    counterparts.

7
African American Students and their preferred
styles of learning continued..
  • African American children prefer to work more
    collectively in groups and communicate more
    freely within the classroom setting.
  • African American students are more subjective
    learners.
  • African American students learn more new material
    where there is no reward system and where there
    is intrinsic value only.
  • Desire for oral experiences, physical activity,
    and strong personal relationships. This would
    include assignments that include collaboration ,
    discussion and projects that let the student be
    active.

8
African American Students and their preferred
styles of learning continued..
  • Africentric Psychology has narrowed African
    American learning styles down to four
    characteristics
  • Social affective people-oriented,emphasis,on
    affective domain, social interaction is crucial,
    social learning is common.
  • Harmonious interdependence and harmonic/communal
    aspects of people and environment are respected
    and encouraged knowledge is sought for
    practical, ulitarian, and relevant purposes
    holistic approaches to experiences synthesis in
    sought.
  • Expressive Creativitycreative,adaptive,variable,
    novel, stylistic,intuitive,simultaneous
    stimulation is preferred verve oral expression
  • Nonverbal nonverbal communication is important
    (intonation, body language, etc.) movement and
    rhythm components are vital.

9
The Four Stages of African American Students with
White Teachers ( Stage One)
10
The second Stage
11
The third stage
12
The fourth stage
13
Standardized Test Score Gap
  • Christopher Jenks and Mereidth Phillips authors
    of the article The Black White Test Score Gap
    Why it Persists and What Can Be Done wrote,
    African Americans score lower then European
    Americans on vocabulary, reading, and math tests,
    as well as on tests that claim to measure
    scholastic aptitude and intelligence. The gap
    appears before children enter kindergarten and it
    persists into adulthood. It has narrowed since
    1970 , but the typical African American still
    scores below seventy five percent of Caucasians
    on almost every standardized test.

14
Helpful Hints for Teachers to use to peak African
American students performance
  • Display flexibility in the context of a
    structured learning environment.
  • Recognize effort as well as accomplishment
    ,especially for minority and female students.
  • Encourage activity based hands on programs for
    minority students.
  • To teach minority students equally well , you
    must understand how their cultural background
    may influence their classroom interactions.

15
Helpful Hints for teachers to use to peak African
American students performance.
  • Use more kinesthetic/ tactile learning techniques
  • African American students prefer subdued lighting
    rather than bright light.
  • Teachers need to remember that African American
    students discussion style is simultaneous talk
    instead of alternating talk.
  • Many African American students prefer to study
    with light music or conversation.

16
Helpful Hints for teachers to use peak African
American students performance.
  • Many African American students rely on
    information from their surroundings.
  • African American students are sensitive to and
    responsive to what others feel and think and how
    their actions might affect others.
  • Many African American students prefer to maintain
    close proximity to other students.
  • Many African American students react intensely to
    being praised or criticized.
  • Evidence has suggested that African American
    students respond better to rewards such as
    praise, smiles, pats on the back and etc.
  • Many African American students tend to avert
    their eyes when their behavior is being discussed
    with them.

17
Resources
  • North Central Regional Educational Library
  • http//www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/content/cnt
    areas/math/ma8african.htm
  • This website is funded by the US department of
    Education. It is ran by a company called Learning
    associates. It has a plethora of information. It
    also has a search engine which will help you
    locate a subject you are researching a lot
    quicker. The information located on this website
    would be useful for teachers and psychologists.

18
Resources
  • The Black White Test Score Gap Why It Persists
    and What Can Be Done retrieved
    from,http//www.brookings.edu/articles/1998spring_
    education_jencks.aspx
  • This website offers articles on many different
    topics. The one in the link would provide many
    answers to why and how African Americans are
    scoring less on standardized tests. It would be
    useful for teachers, parents, and society in
    general.

19
Resources
  • Learning Styles and the African American Student
    can be located at
  • http//findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3673/is_19
    9501/ai_n8732280
  • This website has a search engine where you can
    find scholarly articles. This article in
    particular offered a lot of great information
    about stereotypes associated with African
    American learning styles. It would be helpful for
    teachers, parents, and psychologists.

20
  • This website lists the Four Stages that African
    American students go through in order to build a
    trusting relationship with their white teacher.
    It can be located at
  • http//oneweb.utc.edu/impact/projects/thursday.ht
    ml
  • The information located on this website would be
    useful for teachers, and psychologists.

21
Resources
  • This article is titled Strategies For Teaching
    Science To African American Students it can be
    found at
  • http//www.as.wvu.edu/equity/african.html
  • Even though this article was geared towards
    teaching science it offered tons of useful
    information and strategies.
  • This article would be geared more for teachers
    only.

22
Print Resources
  • Morgan, Harry.(1995). Historical Perspectives on
    the Education of Black Children. Westport, CT.
    Greenwood.
  • This book is offers a view on African American
    Education from Pre-Civil war to modern times. It
    explains a lot of the stereotypes associated with
    African American styles.
  • It would be useful for teachers and psychologist
    because it offers insight to the environmental
    factors that influence African Americans learning
    styles still today.

23
Print Resources
  • Hill, Shirley.(1999). African American Children
    Socialization and Development in Families.
    Thousand Oaks, CA Sage Publications.
  • This book examines further into environmental
    factors that influence African American learning
    styles. It has a whole chapter that deal with
    educating African American children.
  • This book would be useful for teachers, parents,
    and psychologists.

24
Conclusion
  • Finally, African Americans do have preferred
    styles of learning due to environmental factors
    and not inferiority. As future teachers we must
    become more educated about the learning styles of
    African Americans. If we put some of the helpful
    hints to use that were listed in the previous
    slides maybe we can help lower the standardized
    test gap in the future.

25
References
  • African Americans. Retrieved October 30, 2007,
    from North Central Regional Educational Library
    Web site http//www.ncrel
  • org /sdrs/areas/issues/content/cntareas/math/m
    a8african.htm
  • Hill, Shirley.(1999). African American Children
    Socialization and Development in Families.
    Thousand Oaks, CA Sage Publications.
  • Jencks, Christopher.(1998).The Black White Test
    Score Gap Why it Persists and What Can be Done.
    Retrieved October 25,2007, from
    http//www.brookings.edu/articles/1998/spring_educ
    ation_jenck s.aspx
  • Jenkins, William. The Four Stages of Black
    Students with White Teachers. Retrieved October
    26,2007,Website http//oneweb.utc.edu/impa
  • ct/projects/Thursday.html
  • Morgan, Harry.(1995). Historical Perspectives on
    the Education of Black Children. Westport, CT.
    Greenwood.

26
References Continued
  • Learning Styles and the African American Student.
    Retrieved October 26, 2007,
  • from Find Articles Web site http//findar
  • ticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3673/is_19950
  • 1/ai_n8732280
  • Strategies for Teaching Science to African
    American Students. Retrieved October 26,
  • 2007,Web//www.as.wvu.edu/equity/afri can.html
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