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Tips on Winter Flying

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Icing Conditions. TIPS ON WINTER FLYING. The environment a few miles away can be different from local conditions. ... Well traveled roads may be abandoned in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tips on Winter Flying


1
Tips on Winter Flying
2
Winter Flying Can Adversely Affect Flight
Operations
  • Fast moving fronts
  • Strong and gusty winds
  • Blowing and drifting snow
  • Icing Conditions

3
TIPS ON WINTER FLYING
  • The environment a few miles away can be different
    from local conditions.
  • Flight planning requires special knowledge.
  • Well traveled roads may be abandoned in the
    winter.
  • Cars and trucks with fresh snow is an indicator
    of changing weather ahead.

4
AIRCRAFT PREPARATION
  • Prevent premature failures by following
    manufacturers recommendations.
  • Baffling and winter covers.
  • Engine Oil.
  • Oil Breather
  • Hoses, Clamps, Hydraulic fittings, Seals.
  • Cabin Heater
  • Control Cables.
  • Oil Pressure Controlled Propellers.
  • Care of Batteries.
  • Wheel Wells and Wheel Pants.

5
OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT
  • Fuel
  • Aircraft Fuel Filters and Sumps
  • Aircraft Preheat
  • Engine Starts
  • Radios
  • Removal of Ice, Snow, and Frost
  • Blowing Snow
  • Fuel Tank Vents
  • Taxiing

6
TAKEOFF
  • Do not overboost engines.
  • Temperature rise Decreased Performance.
  • Carburetor heat.
  • Heated pitot tube (anti-ice equipment).
  • Climb out (CHT).

7
EN ROUTE
  • Winter weather is often very changeable.
  • Snow Showers and Whiteouts
  • Carburetor Ice
  • Impact Ice
  • Fuel Ice
  • Throttle Ice
  • Prevention
  • Warning signs
  • Response

8
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9
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING
  • Sluggishness, warmth, headache, pressure at
    temples, ringing in ears, nausea, dizziness,
    dimming of vision.
  • Shut off cabin heater.
  • Open a fresh air source.
  • Dont smoke.
  • Use 100 oxygen if available.
  • Land as soon as possible
  • Correct the source before continued flight.

10
LANDING
  • Surface can be treacherous.
  • Slippery.
  • Snow banks.
  • Snow drifts may obscure obstacles.
  • Tracks may not be from other aircraft.
  • Runway marking and signs may not be visible.

11
POSTFLIGHT
  • During engine shut down, turn off fuel and run
    carburetor dry.
  • Fill the tanks.
  • Engine and Pitot covers.
  • Wing covers.
  • Tie downs, control locks, tied controls.
  • Oil dilution.

12
SURVIVAL
  • Safe distance from aircraft as soon as possible.
  • Analyze situation and help others.
  • Survival is
  • 80 mental
  • 10 equipment
  • 10 skills
  • Dont let fear take over.

13
BASIC FEARS
  • Fear of unknown.
  • Fear of discomfort.
  • Fear of being alone.
  • Fear of animals.
  • Fear of death.
  • Fear of punishment.
  • Fear of personal guilt.

14
YOUR MIND IS BEST SURVIVAL TOOL
  • Number 1 enemy is yourself.
  • Number 2 enemy is injuries.
  • Number 3 enemy is temperature.
  • Number 4 enemy is disease.

15
FACTORS TO CONSIDER
  • Stay with aircraft or start out on foot?
  • Did you file a flight plan?
  • Emergency locator transmitter?
  • Is there a storm?
  • Do you have a survival kit?
  • Anything in aircraft that can be used?

16
SURVIVAL KIT
  • Metal container with lid.
  • Swiss army knife.
  • Small candle.
  • Matches (in waterproof container)
  • Plastic garbage bag.
  • Sugar cubes (in waterproof container)
  • Plastic tape.

17
THE END
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