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Roses

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Cultivars: Alba, Bourbon, Rugosa ... Bourbon. Maggie. Mme Isaac Periere. Cross between Parson's Pink and ... Bred to become tea, bourbon and noisette roses. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Roses


1
Roses
  • Roses command attention
  • Roses carry meaning
  • Roses are not forgotten

Created by Derald Freeman, Burleson, TX
2
Roses are forever
  • Roses are grown for beauty
  • Roses are for pleasure
  • Roses are for love

Sources Texas AM, EarthKind Roses
Dennis Jones, Ft Worth Botanic Gardens
3
Symbolism and Color
 
  • Color is a personal thing

4
Ancient History of Roses
  • Fossils dated 35-40 million years ago in Montana
    and Oregon
  • Fossils dated 40 million years in Florissant,
    Colorado
  • 3000 B.C. first written record
  • Roses originated in the Northern Hemisphere
  • (Europe, America, Middle East, and the Orient)

5
Recent History of Roses
  • 16th century - roses brought from Europe.
  • 1798-Empress Josephine had 250 varieties.
  • 1867 ARS designated first hybrid rose.
  • 1920 Hybrid teas dominated the market.
  • 1938 All-American Rose Society was formed to test
    new rose varieties.
  • In 1700s 1800s botanists brought back Chinas
    and Teas from China.

6
Rose Classification
  • Family Rosaceae
  • Genus Rosa
  • Cultivars Alba, Bourbon, Rugosa
  • Common Names Caldwell Pink, Ice Berg, Belindas
    Dream, Carefree, Reve dOr

7
Rose Basics
  • How they are packaged
  • Growing types
  • Grading

8
Rose Basics
  • Packaged types
  • Bare-root
  • Prepackaged (boxed)
  • Container-grown

9
Rose Basics
  • Packaged types
  • Growing types
  • Budded
  • Own roots

10
Rose Basics
  • Packaged types
  • Growing types
  • Grading

1 - 3 strong canes 1.5 - 2 thin canes 2 -
1-2 small canes
11
Fragrance of Roses
  • Spicy, fruity, musky, tea, honey, violet, apple,
    lemon, velvety.
  • Most highly scented are darkest, or most petals,
    or thickest petals.
  • Chrysler Imperial and Mr. Lincoln hold their
    scent best.

12
Types of Roses
  • SPECIES ROSES
  • Grown before 1867

MODERN ROSES Hybridized after 1867
13
Species Roses
  • Old Garden Roses
  • Antique Roses
  • Old cemeteries
  • Church yards
  • Old farm houses
  • Grow wild
  • 150 species
  • Pollinate freely
  • Bloom only once
  • Disease resistant

Indicates an EarthKind Rose
14
Found Roses
Species Roses
  • Caldwell Pink
  • Pompom flowers
  • Double petals
  • Repeat bloomer
  • 3 x 3

15
Found Roses
Species Roses
  • Katy Road Pink
  • Aka Carefree Beauty
  • Semi-double bloom
  • fragrant
  • 4 x 4

16
Found Roses
  • Rosa Banksiae Lady Banks
  • Found
  • Date unknown
  • Blooms once
  • White and yellow

17
Old Garden Roses
18
Old Garden Roses Antique
  • Developed by plant breeders prior to 1867
  • Alba
  • Bourbon
  • Centifolia
  • China
  • Damask
  • Gallicas
  • Hybrid Perpetual
  • Hybrid Tea
  • Moss
  • Noisette
  • Rugosa
  • Tea
  • Climber
  • Rambler

19
Old Roses Climbing/Rambler
  • Cecile Brunner
  • Lady Banksia
  • New Dawn
  • Sombreuil

20
Old Roses
  • Cecile Brunner
  • Polyantha
  • Small perfectly formed flower
  • 1881
  • Shrub or climber
  • Large thorns

21
Old Roses
  • New Dawn
  • Climber
  • Double bloom
  • Fragrant
  • Repeat bloomer

22
Old Roses
  • Sombreuil
  • Creamy white
  • Climber
  • Tea
  • OGR

23
Modern Roses
  • New groups introduced after 1867
  • Hybrids and grafted
  • Most are combinations of two varieties
  • Nearly all roses in nurseries are modern roses

24
Modern Rose Features
  • Hybridized after 1867
  • Nearly all roses in local nurseries are modern
    roses
  • Stunning array of colors and blooms
  • Frequently have bad canes, unattractive foliage,
    and do not live many years

25
Modern Roses
  • Hybrid teas (1900)
  • Floribundas
  • Grandifloras (1954)
  • Polyantha (1900?)
  • Miniatures
  • Shrub
  • Tree
  • Climbing

26
Bourbon
  • Cross between Parsons Pink and Red Damask
    Perpetual

Mme Isaac Periere
Maggie
27
Bourbon
Souvenir de la Malmaison
28
Chinas
  • Perle dOr
  • (shown)
  • Bred to become tea, bourbon and noisette roses.
  • Repeat bloomers, blossoms are spectacular and
    large. Used as hedges.

29
Chinas
  • Old Blush
  • (shown)

OTHERS Archduke Charles Mutabilis Hermosa
30
Damasks
  • Damasks
  • The Autumn Damask (shown)
  • (tall shrub, hooked thorns, beautiful foliage
    probably from Persia)

31
Floribundas
Modern Roses
  • Known as a group since the mid-1940's. Are
    derived and refined from the hybrid teas.

Iceberg 1958 Livin Easy 1996
32
Floribundas
Modern Roses
  • Cross between hybrid tea and polyantha.

Else Poulsen
Betty Boop
Betty Prior
33
Grandifloras
Modern Roses
  • Exhibits the best attributes of HT floribundas

Fame 1998
Octoberfest 1999
Gold Medal 1983
34
Grandifloras
Modern Roses
  • Cross between hybrid tea and floribundas.

Queen Elizabeth 1954
35
Hybrid Perpetual
  • Marchessa Boccella
  • 4x4, repeat bloomer, large double bloom, fragrant

36
Hybrid Perpetual
  • Baronne Prevost
  • 4x4, repeat, double bloom, good foliage

37
Hybrid teas
Modern Roses
  • The most widely grown rose and boldest colors

Double Delight 1977
Don Juan
Oklahoma
38
Hybrid teas
Modern Roses
  • Repeat bloomers, vivid color, scented. They are a
    cross between perpetual and tea roses.

Belindas Dream
Mr. Lincoln
Chrysler Imperial
39
Noisette
  • Produced in 1817 by French gardener, Noisettte of
    Charleston, SC from China and Musk.

Reve dOr
Rev dOr
Lamarque
40
Noisette
  • Large shrub with fragrant pink clusters.

Celine Forestier
Blush Noisette
41
Polyantha
  • Cecile Brunner (shown).
  • Dwarf, compact, good for low borders
  • (Others)
  • The Fairy, and Climbing Pinkie

42
Polyantha
  • Everblooming, compact

Marie Daly
Marie Pavie
43
Teas
  • Sombreuil
  • (shown)
  • also.
  • Mrs. B.R. Cant

44
Teas
  • Considered by many aficionados to be the most
    exquisite form and color in the world.

Mrs. Dudley R. Cross
Duchesse de Brabant
45
Conclusion
  • A rose is a rose is a rose

Gertrude Stein, a twentieth-century American
author who lived most of her life in France wrote
her life story and included this line suggesting,
perhaps, that some things resist definition in
words.
2005 - By Derald Freeman TCMGA Master Gardener
46
A Final Thought in Closing
  • You can complain that roses have thorns,
  • Or you can be thankful that thorny bushes have
    roses

Sources Texas AM, EarthKind Roses
Dennis Jones, Ft Worth Botanic Gardens
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